Antietam – A Digital History Collection. The Battle of Antietam was the culmination of the Maryland Campaign of 1862, the first invasion of the North by Confederate General Robert E. Lee and the Army of Northern Virginia. In Kentucky and Missouri, Southern armies were also advancing as the tide of war flowed north. After Lee’s dramatic victory at the Second Battle of Manassas during the last two days of August, he wrote to Confederate President Jefferson Davis that “we cannot afford to be idle.” Lee wanted to keep the offensive and secure Southern independence through victory in the North; influence the fall mid-term elections; obtain much needed supplies; move the war out of Virginia, possibly into Pennsylvania; and to liberate Maryland, a Union state, but a slave-holding border state divided in its sympathies.

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Map Detail: Section from a map by Robert Knox Sneden

Map Detail: Section from a map by Robert Knox Sneden

Artwork Detail: Section from a painting of the Battle of Antietam

Photo Detail: Bloody Lane, Antietam Battlefield

Map Detail: Section from the Atlas of the battlefield of Antietam

Artwork Detail: Burning of Mr. Muma's  houses and barns at the fight of the 17th of Sept.

Photo Detail: Antietam bridge, Maryland

Photo Detail: Abraham Lincoln on battlefield at Antietam, Maryland

Photo Detail: Antietam, Maryland (vicinity). Maj. Allan Pinkerton, Secret Service Department and friends

Photo Detail: Antietam, Maryland. Burying the dead Confederate soldiers

Photo Detail: Antietam, Maryland. General John C. Caldwell and staff on battlefield

Photo Detail: Pry's Mill Bridge over Little Antietam Creek, Keedysville, Maryland, completed around 1835

Photo Detail: Signal tower on Elk Mountain, Maryland, overlooking battlefield of Antietam

Artwork Detail: Charging Across the Bridge.

Artwork Detail: Confederate soldiers rush a Union battery brought too close to the front line.

Artwork Detail: General McClellan Commanding the Army of the Potomac.

Artwork Detail: Killing's Cave on the Banks of the Potomac near Sharpsburg, a refuge for many citizens.

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Please note that the gallery samples are smaller and lower resolution so they can be viewed online. The images and maps in the collection are 300 dpi resolution.

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