Gurowski, Adam. Diary- March 4, 1861 to November 12, 1862, Vol. 1 (1862)

Gurowski, Adam. Diary- November 18, 1862 to October 18, 1863, Vol. 2 (1862)

Gurowski, Adam. Diary- For 1863-64-65, Vol. 3 (1862)

His keen political mind and devotion to the abolitionist movement, as stated in his Slavery in History (1860), led de Gurowski to Washington D.C. Once there, he supported the Union war effort by translating articles in foreign newspapers for the Secretary of State. The publication of his Diary (1862), however, caused a break with the administration due to his frank criticism of Lincoln, Seward, and other military officials’ mismanagement of the war. He advocated the organization of a troop of African-American soldiers and offered suggestions for its formation. 

Albert S. Underwood Diary, 1864

Albert S. Underwood Diary, 1864 [transcript]

This is the Civil War diary of Albert Underwood of Annapolis, Park County, Indiana. He was a member of the 9th Indiana Light Artillery. It covers the period of the war from January 1, 1864 thru January 11, 1865. It is a very different account than the one we read in the history books. It tells what the war was like to a young man from Indiana as he moved around the country with his unit. It is so personal, at times you might imagine Albert Underwood is sitting across the table from you telling you his story. A private in the 9th Battery Indiana Light Artillery, Underwood writes in his diary from January 1 through December 31, 1864. He records his activities in camp, the company's travels on steamboats, and the skirmishes and battles in which he fought in Tennessee, Mississippi, and Missouri during the Civil War. He was killed in early 1865, along with most of his unit, when the steamer Eclipse exploded near Paducah, Kentucky.

Diary of Creed T. Davis, Private Second Company Richmond Howitzers

Prison Diary of Creed T. Davis

Papers, 1864-1875, of Creed T. Davis (d. 1915), chiefly consisting of a diary, 1864-1865, that he kept while serving with the Richmond Howitzers, 2nd Company, in the Civil War. It is unclear whether the diary is the original or a transcript. The record was given to Robert Alonzo Brock (1839-1914) in 1875, along with a list of soldiers who died from April to June 1865 at a Newport News military prison, where Davis was kept after the Confederate surrender at Appomattox.

Diary of a Union Soldier - 24 July 1861 - 9 April 1862

Diary, 24 July 1861 - 9 April 1862. Diary written by Union soldier who recorded entries on an almost daily basis beginning with his enlistment; includes descriptions of Annapolis, Md., where he wrote that he had some talk with a real live slave, followed by Fort Monroe, Va., and various locations in South Carolina. Description of transport aboard a steamboat to a station off Port Royal, S.C.; the bombardment of Confederate batteries in the harbor, and the landing of troops at Hilton Head, 9 Dec. 1861, and on Edisto Island in early April 1862; Union plundering of the Confederate countryside; on 8 Mar. 1862, he reports meeting missionaries aboard the steamer Atlantic en route to Port Royal to establish schools for former African-American slaves. Head also records his impressions of several plantations and churches on Edisto Island (Charleston County, S.C.) and expresses concern about the presence of Confederate troops in the area.

A. Thompson

This is the unsigned diary of A. Thompson concerning movements from Chattanooga, Tenn., to Atlanta, Ga., May 4-Sept. 8, 1864. Thompson served in the 44th New York Infantry during the Civil War.

A.H. Lewis

This diary, written between December 15, 1861 and March 19, 1862, records the experience of A.H. Lewis of Saline County, Missouri as a Confederate soldier and prisoner of war. Lewis’s company of Missouri State Guards was captured by Col. Davis in the Battle of Blackwater River on December 19, 1861. After being held for several weeks at the St. Louis military prison, the Confederate prisoners were moved to the penitentiary at Alton, Illinois. Although Lewis initially criticized prisoners who took an Oath of Loyalty to the Federal government to gain freedom, Lewis took the Oath himself on March 14, 1862 and was released.

Abram Rinker

Abram Rinker diaries, 1863-1864. The collection consists of two Civil War diaries of Abram Rinker written during his service with Company B of the 52nd Regiment of Pennsylvania Volunteers from May 1863 - December 1864. Rinker was stationed in North and South Carolina including Beauford, Morris, James, and Folly Islands (S.C.) and Ft. Strong (N.C.). Entries discuss Rinker's health; the weather; camp life - drills, guard duty, foraging for food, and officers; bombardments and shelling along the coast; and ship movements - including battles involving the "ironsides." Other entries pertain to the execution of a deserter, new conscripts in the unit, the arrival of Confederate prisoners, news of battles in other states, particularly the taking of Atlanta, election results in the North, both local and national. Rinker was apparently mustered out in October 1864 since the final entries pertain to life at home and visits with relatives..

Adam H. Pickel

This collection consists of one diary (77 pages) kept by Adam H. Pickel during the American Civil War, 13 August 1862-8 July 1863, about camp life, troop movements, the weather, prisoners of war, the Battle of Fredericksburg, the Battle of Gettysburg, and the battlefield shot which led to his death. Also includes a handwritten transcription by his grandson of the first three months of the diary, two clippings (obituary of Pickel's daughter Mary Ann, and 1904 notice that her and her father's remains were moved from the Methodist churchyard to Morris Cemetery, Phoenixville, Pennsylvania), a two-page handwritten short history of the 68th Pennsylvania Infantry, and a bullet (photographed and scanned) removed from his body.

T. Roberts Baker

Diary of T. Roberts Baker, of the Second Howitzer Company, of Richmond, Va..

Aaron  S. Oberly

This is the diary of A. S. Oberly who served on five military vessels during the Civil War.

F. M. McMillen

 The Civil War Diary of Sgt. F. M. McMillen (transcribed here by Carl A. Robin) was written by Sergeant McMillen while serving in Company C, 110th Ohio Volunteer Infantry, 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 6th Corps from 1 January - 25 March 1865. The diary records the activities of McMillen, who was mainly a clerk, as he participated in the Petersburg final assault during the Appomattox Campaign.

Stephen Vaughn Shipman vol. 1

Stephen Vaughn Shipman vol. 2

Stephen Vaughn Shipman, Diary, 1865, Transcription.  Major Stephen Vaughan Shipman (1825-1905) was architect of Wisconsin's State Capitol when the war broke out, but resigned that appointment to join the 1st Wisconsin Cavalry. His 1865 diary documents cases before a court martial on which he served, and a march through Alabama and Georgia with accounts of arson, plunder, and drunkenness among the men. He also describes accidents among the troops, witnesses refugee families living in trains, and comments on the assassination of Abraham Lincoln. Shipman also discusses his assignment at the close of the war to collect Confederate government records and deliver them to Washington.

Sumner Ansel Holway Diary 1862

Sumner Ansel Holway Diary 1863

 Diaries kept by Sumner Ansel Holway of Bingham, Somerset County, Maine during the year 1862-1863 in which he records his daily activity as a private in the 1st Maine Cavalry, Company H. Holway writes of his experiences in Virginia, including the battles of Middletown, 2nd Bull Run, Antietam, Chan­cellorsville, Brandy Station, and the Battle of Aldie, where he received a leg wound that removed him from the war.

Josephus Moore

 A journal written by Josephus Moore describing his enlistment into the army in Tennessee at the outbreak of the Civil War, his experience in battle, imprisonment at Fort Donelson, and swearing an oath to gain his freedom.

Alexander E. Steen

 Alexander E. Steen, Papers, 1861-1862. Correspondence of Confederate brigadier general of the 5th Division, Missouri State Guard, concerning a military engagement near Fort Scott, September 1, 1861; John E. Pitt's attempt to organize troops in the 5th Military District; and the discharge of soldiers. 

Arthur Tappan Strong

 Arthur Tappan Strong diary, January 1 to March 9, 1862. Typescript transcription of an original diary written by Arthur Tappan Strong from January 1, 1862 to March 9, 1862, while a member of the 42nd Ohio Volunteers under Colonel James Garfield. This diary refers to Arthur's death of "camp dysentery" in a Union army hospital at Ashland, Kentucky February 28, 1862.

Augustus L. Yenner

Full text of Augustus L. Yenner diary, 1863

Handwritten Civil War diary, soft cover, pocket sized, scanned and transcribed.

Aurelius T. Bartlett

 Reminiscences of Aurelius T. Bartlett, 1890: Describe the affairs of the 33rd Missouri Infantry in Arkansas, Tennessee, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Missouri, including detailed descriptions of regimental casualties and of medical care provided at field hospitals during the following battles and campaigns: attack on Helena, Ark.; Red River campaign; engagement at Old River Lake, Ark.; Tupelo and Oxford, Miss., expeditions; pursuit of General Sterling Price through Arkansas and Missouri; Battle of Nashville; pursuit of General Hood through Tennessee; and the Mobile campaign, including the Siege of Spanish Fort.

Benjamin Whitcomb

This is the diary of Benjamin Whitcomb who served with the 15th Massachusetts Infantry from December 14, 1861 until he was discharged on December 5, 1862, for wounds received at the Battle of Antietam. The Diary contains entries from February 25 through September 27, 1862.

The Campaigns of Walker's Texas Division - By a Private Soldier

Containing a complete record of the campaigns in Texas, Louisiana, and Arkansas ... including the Federal's report of the battles, names of the officers of the division, diary of marches, camp scenery, anecdotes ... By a private soldier.

Charles Wills

Army life of an Illinois soldier, including a day by day record of Sherman's march to the sea; letters and diary of the late Charles W. Wills, private and sergeant 8th Illinois Infantry; lieutenant and battalion adjutant 7th Illinois Cavalry; captain, major and lieutenant colonel 103rd Illinois Infantry. Compiled and published by his sister [Mary E. Kellogg]

Edward Hill

 The diary of Captain Edward Hill conveys the pleasures, hardships, and heroism of a Union soldier who served in the Civil War's climactic showdown in Virginia between the armies of General Ulysses Grant and Robert E. Lee. Hill and his regiment, the 16th Michigan Infantry, took part in many of the Army of the Potomac's key battles, and in later life Hill wrote about the Battle of Fredericksburg. Information about his daily wartime activities, however, is only available from February 16, 1864 to July 27, 1864 through jottings in his diary. At the beginning of this period Hill enjoyed a leisurely return to his regiment after a brief furlough in Michigan, socializing with friends and going to the theater in Baltimore and Washington. In mid-April 1864 he rejoined his men at their camp near Bealton Station, Virginia, and during the relentless Union offensive of May they took part in the Battles of the Wilderness, Spotsylvania, and North Anna. Hill was wounded near Cold Harbor on June 1, 1864 prior to the Battle of Cold Harbor and would later receive the Medal of Honor for his heroic leadership. The diary continues during Hill's recovery, chronicling his progress and daily visitors while he recuperated at Armory Square Hospital in Washington, D.C.

John Ogden Murray

The Immortal Six Hundred : a story of cruelty to Confederate prisoners of war. This book chronicles the ordeal of six hundred Confederate officers who were confined by their Yankee captors in the stockade on Morris Island, South Carolina, directly under the fire of Confederate guns, and then were subsequently starved on rations of rotten corn and onion pickle at Fort Pulaski, Georgia and Hilton Head, South Carolina by order of U.S. Secretary of War, Edwin M. Stanton. The author, a Major in the Confederate Army, was one of the survivors of the group.

Christian D. Rupp

Rupp's Memorandum Book July 5-September 22 – 1864. Begins in Thibodoux, Louisiana on July 5. The soldiers are put onto a boat in the Mississippi River which almost immediately runs aground on a sandbar. They are transferred to another boat, the original boat is freed from the sand bar, then they are transferred once again to the original boat. They then travel out into the gulf, past the Tortugas, past the Hatteras Lighthouse, and up the east coast to Chesapeake Bay. They travel up the Potomac River. They disbark and travel overland to participate in battles at Winchester and Cedar Creek. Rupp was from Vinton, Iowa. He enlisted on August 12, 1862, was mustered in on September 2, 1862, and mustered out on July 31 1865 at Savannah, Georgia. This journal was donated by the Owen Winfield Family.

Henry Dysart

Battle of Pea Ridge, Arkansas Civil War diary, 1862-1863.  Introduction written in 1965 by Paul Dysart, Jr., grandson to Henry Dysart. Original diary donated to the National Military Park, Pea Ridge, Arkansas.

Thomas Jefferson Campbell

Pocket diary of Thomas Jefferson Campbell (1837-1902), Co. A, 6th Tenn. Inf. Regt., USA. It begins January 1 at Nashville, where he can hear the action at Stones River. Campbell soon records a visit from Gen. William Rosecrans, "a pleasant looking man" and later tells of a hanging execution. On September [November?] 21-23, Campbell writes, "The Battle was going on [and] we are ordered to the front…. We are on lookout mout [sic] the rebels are all around us we think that we will be routed."

Free Civil War Diaries and Personal Narratives

UPDATED 9/13/17 @ 4:00 PM EST

Click here to download this page for offline browsing

No other chapter of American history has been so voluminously recorded as the American Civil War. Even today, more than 130 years after General Robert E. Lee and the remnant of his loyal, starving army bowed to inevitable defeat at Appomattox, the Civil War continues to fascinate people the world over. What draws us to that terrible conflict is not the struggle over slavery or states' rights, but the human drama it unfolds. The real war was experienced every day by those who fought it and by their families at home. The personal source materials for this conflict include letters, diaries, autobiographies, memoirs, and reports published in books that number into the thousands. Today, more than a century later, thanks to these published letters, memoirs, and documents, we can experience the conflict first hand through the words left us by those who lived through it and by some who died in it. This massive array of materials is invaluable to researchers, Civil War scholars, and others interested in this period of American history.


Every war generates a large number of official documents, and the Civil War is no exception. In fact, it prompted many more documents than previous American wars. The Official Records of the War of the Rebellion, for example, runs to 70 volumes in 127 parts plus general index and atlas. A great number of documents in this series reveal personal accounts of the combatants, often written just after the event. There are also numerous collections of Civil War letters and diaries, many written by prominent officers, men of considerable literacy, who were quite conscious of the historical importance of the conflict. Almost every general seems to have published his "Memoirs" of the events. We have collected, and continue to collect, Civil War Diaries and Personal Narratives from across the web. We offer these to our visitors free of charge. With 700+ documents to process, content will be added weekly, so stop back and see us.

The blue download links below should get you started. Due to the large size of some of the files, avoid letting your browser open the files. Right click and “save link as” to download.

Lyman D. Widney

From Louisville to the Sea - A Soldier's Diary of the Civil War, The National Tribune, 1901.

A. J. Thompson

Alonzo. J. Thompson, a native of Newport, Herkimer County, New York, was a soldier in the American Civil War and served as a part of Battery H, 1st Ohio Light Artillery, Army of the Potomac. The diary is an account of a soldier's daily life from 1861 to 1863, and includes a list of generals under which Thompson's unit served; hand-drawn sketches of rivers, construction supports, surveys, and artillery trajectory, with corresponding calculations; and daily notations concerning weather, activities, and personal health.

Christian Hook

Christian Hook was a Union Corporal in 151st Ohio Infantry (National Guard) during the Civil War. The collection contains his diary of May to August 1864, including entries on camp life and a near-court martial, as well as a reunion flyer for the regiment from 1925. Entries primarily detail Hook's movements and actions from the day before mustering in Ohio until a few days before his return. Hook notes passing Harpers Ferry and encountering wounded soldiers returning home. Most days are described as "pleasant" in the fortifications around Washington, D.C. throughout the first half of Hook's deployment. Lincoln arrived in camp on July 10. His subsequent addresses show he knew Confederate Lt. Gen. Jubal A. Early's forces would be arriving within a day and proceeded to stay in camp to observe the fighting, now referred to as the Battle of Fort Stevens. The strong defenses of Fort Stevens minimized the military threat and Early withdrew after two days of skirmishing without attempting any serious assaults. Hook notes the fortifications around Washington returned to quiet by July 14. All entries return to describing the days as pleasant until July 30. An apparent disagreement over the posting of troops resulted in Hook's arrest and detainment at Fort Sumner while awaiting trial for court martial. For unapparent reasons, Hook was released August 6. The rest of the journal notes his picket duty, although the dates August 10-15 are missing. Diary concludes with Hook in Baltimore August 21 awaiting departure to Harrisburg and ultimately to Ohio for the Regiment to be mustered out.

Civil War diary, 1864-1865

This collection consists of a loose diary written by an unidentified Michigan soldier fighting in Georgia. The diary details the daily life of a Northern soldier fighting in Georgia during the Civil War in the winter of 1864-1865.

D. Coleman

Confederate Captain D. Coleman was an officer with various units of the Army of Tennessee and with detached cavalry in Bedford County, Tullahoma, Chattanooga, and Lookout Mountain, Tenn., and Chickamauga, Ringgold, and Dalton, Ga. The collection is a diary, 26 January 1863-18 February 1864 and summer, 1864, of Coleman, including vivid descriptions of military activity, daily life, and trips to his home at Athens, Ala., which was at times under federal occupation, to care for his family and to recruit.

Diary of an unidentified Confederate soldier, February-June 1864

Contains accounts of movements and operations of a Confederate unit in Mississippi and Alabama (February to May 1864) and during the Atlanta campaign (May to August 1864). Also contains a few pages of personal accounts.

Diary of the campaign of the 4th Battalion Sharpshooters from Palmetto, Georgia

Transcription of Diary of the campaign of the 4th Battalion Sharpshooters from Palmetto, Georgia
.

Diary of the Great Rebellion

Diary of the great rebellion. Containing a complete summary of each day's events, from the inauguration of the rebellion at Charleston, S. C., December 20th, 1860, to the 1st of January, 1862. Prepared with great care from "Official reports" and files of the New York and Philadelphia daily papers.
.

Elisah M. Patton

Leather-bound pocket diary of Elisah M. Patton, Co. F, 9th Ky. Inf. Regt., USA. The diary commences at Stones River, January 1, 1863, and continues through the end of the year. In addition to entries on daily camp life, the diary lists the soldiers in the regiment. Patton was wounded at Chickamauga, Georgia, September 9, 1863 and died October 25, 1863 as a result of the wound. He was twenty years old.

Ezra Pray

 Civil War Journal of Acting Assistant Surgeon Ezra Pray. With his appointment effective 21 October 1861, Ezra Pray was designated an “acting assistant surgeon” and ordered to report to the U.S. Bark Fernandina in New York City, where he arrived a week before that ship was commissioned on 16 November 1861. Pray’s 154-page journal begins with his application for appointment in September and his service in Fernandina from November through 18 April 1862; however, he actually began to write his account in late January through early February 1862, using the ship’s official logbook to remind himself of the key events of his first few months on board." The journal goes on to cover blockade duty, and a possible mutiny.
 

Stephen R. Kelsey

Union soldier in the 5th New York Regiment, Battalion J, during the Civil War. Papers include a diary written between January and May 1865, while stationed in New York and Virginia. Participated in the occupation of Petersburg, Virginia, in April 1865. Entries refer to the assassination of Pres. Abraham Lincoln and the capture of Jefferson Davis.

W.A. Mauney

Leather bound. Approximately 234 pages, condition is poor, binding very delicate. It is a hand written diary with some ink fading, some entries in pencil. A letter written to his father and a receipt for money received from the Sellers estate were included in the diary at the time it was donated. W.A. Mauney enlisted in the army and the diary has daily entries from 1861-1865 about the events, activities, and battles fought by Company B, 28th N. C. Regiment (South Fork Farmers or also known as Gaston Invincibles) in North Carolina and Virginia. Also included in the information was a set of camp song lyrics and a list of names of the people in the regiment with deaths noted. The letter that was in the diary was sent from Madison County Virginia, May 17th, 1862. The receipt was dated 1871. W. A. Mauney was one of the founding fathers of Kings Mountain. A 45 page transcript of the diary and the record of Company B volunteers was made in the 1930s and was notarized August 26, 1938.

Ezekiel John Ellis - 1865 February-March (vol. 1)

Ezekiel John Ellis - 1865 April-October (vol. 2)

Volume one of Ezekiel John Ellis' diary (February-March 1865) begins with a retrospective account by Ellis of the events leading up to the Civil War and his service in the war before his capture and imprisonment at Johnson Island in 1863. This portion of the volume is entitled A Retrospect (p. 1-72), wherein he describes his political views; the development of Confederate military forces; his military service; battles in Mississippi, Georgia, Kentucky, and Tennessee; and his capture at the Battle of Missionary Ridge. Ellis wrote the account while imprisoned at Johnson Island Prison in Ohio. It serves as an introduction to his prison diary, which begins February 1, 1865. In the diary, Ellis documents his daily observations and experiences as a prisoner of war. During his imprisonment, he read a great deal, and his entries exhibit an extensive knowledge of history and an appreciation of poetry. Additionally, his personal thoughts reflect his grief and distress over the war. Pages 118-132 contain poems by and autographs of other prisoners. Page 131 also contains a list of men killed and where.

 In volume two of Ezekiel John Ellis' diary (April-October 1865), Ellis documents his daily observations and experiences as a prisoner of war. He considers the justification for war, the defeat of the Confederate States, and the political environment after the war. During his imprisonment, he read a great deal, and his entries exhibit an extensive knowledge of history and an appreciation of poetry. He also describes his trip back to Louisiana after his release. Page 1-57 are his diary of April-July 1865; pages 58-67 contain an incomplete work of fiction (Oct. 19, 1865) concerning a Louisiana planter at the onset of the Civil War; pages 200-217 contain speeches about secession made after the war; and pages 237-238 consist of poems "The Contraband" and "The Young Volunteer" which are identifiably by soldiers.
 

Reuben Sweet

This diary kept by a young Wisconsin soldier from Nov. 1863 to Jan. 1865 portrays it in the everyday language of a farm boy. Reuben Sweet grew up in rural Sheboygan County and enlisted as soon as the call went out for volunteers. When his initial 90 days were up he re-enlisted for the duration of the war, and these day-by-day notes convey his experience in plain words. There is much here on the challenges of daily life, such as the weather, meals (or the lack of them), laundry, illness, and the landscapes he marched through. But Sweet also gives eyewitness accounts of battles and skirmishes as he traveled with the 14th Infantry across Tennessee to Atlanta, and then on with Gen. William Sherman's troops to the sea - - more than 1,200 miles in all. The Atlanta Campaign is described on pages 13-20, and his work destroying the infrastructure of the southern states under Sherman's command, from Atlanta to Columbia, So. Carolina, occupies much of the last 10 pages.
 

Cornelius Byington

1863 Civil War Diary of Cornelius Byington. In the diary, he describes the status of his regiment, the siege of Vicksburg, and burning railroads and homes (July 18, 1863). Military Service Note: Byington, Cornelius. Battle Creek. Entered service in company C, Second Infantry, at organization, as Captain, May 10, 1861, at Battle Creek, for 3 years, age 39. Commissioned Major April 25, 1861. Mustered May 25, 1861. Commissioned Major July 26, 1862. Died Dec. 11, 1863, from wounds received in action at Knoxville, Tenn., Nov. 24, 1863, while in command of and gallantly leading his regiment in the assault on the enemy's works.

Rufus Dawes Diary  vol. 1 (1860-62)

Rufus Dawes  Diary vol. 2 (1862-63)

Rufus Dawes (1838-1899) was just 22 years old when the war broke out. He rose from captain of a company of Wisconsin lumberjacks to colonel of the 6th Wisconsin Infantry and a leader of the Iron Brigade. The first volume of his diary is not a daily journal but rather contains long narratives of the battles of Second Bull Run, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Gettysburg, and other engagements, written soon after they happened. The second volume consists of daily entries from July 1860 through June 1862. Both volumes document what it was like for a young man to be thrust into authority amid great challenges and horrors. After the war, Dawes became a merchant in Marietta, Ohio, and served a term in Congress.

S.C. Jones

Reminiscences of the Twenty-second Iowa volunteer infantry, giving its organization, marches, skirmishes, battles, and sieges, as taken from the diary of Lieutenant S.C. Jones of Company A.

Samuel McBlain

Diary and transcriptions of Capt. Samuel McBlain, 1835-1919. He served in the 44th NY and also the 140th NY in the Civil War. Later became a teacher,a farmer, a justice of the peace and a life insurance salesman.

Samuel Hollingsworth Stout

Samuel Hollingsworth Stout papers 1863-1865. These papers relate to Dr. Samuel H. Stout's service during the Civil War under the Army of Tennessee in Georgia. Included are documents relating to the physical conditions of William Cleveland and A.Q. Adams. Additional items discuss the transfer of wounded soldiers, the capacity of LaGrange Hospital and the hiring of slaves for hospitals. Also included is a letter from W.M. Beckam written from Parole Camps, Demopolis, Alabama discussing war experiences.

Thomas Sparrow

Civil War diary of Thomas Sparrow, a New Bern, N.C., native and resident of Washington, N.C., who served as a state legislator and Confederate officer. The diary, which concerns Sparrow's imprisonment at Fort Warren, Mass., describes smallpox among the prisoners and deaths in the hospital, the departure of prisoners for the South, news that all the prisoners were being sent home, and the trip from Boston, Mass., to Norfolk, Va. News of the capture of men and gunboats at Roanoke Island and the burning of Elizabeth City, N.C., are also mentioned. Includes orders and deliveries of knives, toothbrushes, slippers, and shoes.

David E. Curtis

This is the diary of David E. Curtis who served with the 104th New York Infantry during the Civil War. He was wounded at the Battle of the Wilderness, and subsequently hospitalized. The diary covers February 1-October 12, 1864 and recounts the author’s experience in camp, battle, and hospital.

David H. Reynolds

A sergeant in Company K, 43rd Indiana Infantry Regiment, Reynolds writes in his diary from January 1 through September 26, 1863. He records his activities in camp, the company's travels on steamboats, and the skirmishes and battles in which he fought in Mississippi and Arkansas during the Civil War.

Diary of the Paymaster of Fremont's Body Guard, 1861

Diary of the Paymaster of Fremont's Body Guard, 1861(Transcript)

Describes the expedition to Springfield, including an account of the charge against Springfield and the return to St. Louis. Contains frequent mentions of Major Charles Zagonyi [Karoly Zagonyi], and information on marches and foraging expeditions.

Diary of the War for Separation Copy 1

Diary of the War for Separation Copy 2

Diary of the War for Separation Copy 3

Diary of the War for Separation Transcript

Diary of the War for Separation, a Daily Chronicle of the Principal Events and History of the Present Revolution, to Which is Added Notes and Descriptions of All the Great Battles, Including Walker's Narrative of the Battle of Shiloh. By H. C.Clarke, of Vicksburg, Miss.
 

Diary of Unidentified Soldier of the 31st Iowa Infantry, September 4, 1862, to September 30, 1864

Contains accounts of the affairs of the 31st Iowa Infantry from its organization in the fall of 1862 to its subsequent service in Mississippi, Arkansas, Alabama, Tennessee, and Georgia. Includes accounts of the Yazoo Expedition, December 1862 to January 1863; expedition against Fort Hindman, Arkansas; operations during the Vicksburg campaign, including the sieges of Vicksburg and Jackson, Mississippi; the Battles of Lookout Mountain and Missionary Ridge; engagement at Ringgold Gap; and operations during the Atlanta campaign, including the Battle of Resaca, the Siege of Atlanta, and the Battle of Jonesboro. Also includes information on marches. The back of the diary contains postwar accounts of Orcutt and Bros. Thus the diary may have been written by Noel P. Orcutt or Darius M. Orcutt, both of whom served in the 31st Iowa Infantry during the war.
 

Edwin F. Holmes

Diary of Edwin F. Holmes, dated 1863. In this diary, he discusses the movements of his regiment, marching, skirmishes, clothing, Siege of Corinth, food, and a grand review (November 11, 1862). At the end of the diary, he includes a list of his locations, prices of supplies in Nashville, and a list of his officers. Military Service Note: Holmes, Edwin F. (Veteran), Fentonville. Enlisted in company H, Tenth Infantry, Feb. 10, 1862, at Flint, for 3 years, age 18. Mustered Feb. 10, 1862. Re-enlisted Feb. 10, 1864. Sergeant Major March 28, 1865. Commissioned First Lieutenant and Adjutant, May 8, 1865. Mustered May 22, 1865. Commissioned July 6, 1865. Mustered out at Louisville, Ky., July 19, 1865.
 

Edwin Farley

This is the diary of Edwin Farley who served with the 8th Wisconsin Infantry during the Civil War. The diary covers August 1861-June 1862, and include entries made in Wisconsin, Missouri, and Mississippi. The diary was transcribed and published in 1862 under the title Soldier Life: The Diary of a Civil War Soldier.

Edwin R. Sharpe Journal, 1862 September 10-1863 February 1; 1863 July 15-1863 December 3

Edwin R. Sharpe Journal, 1863 February 27-1863 July 14

Edwin R. Sharpe Journal, 1863 December 10-1864 December 14

The first three journals (1862-1864) were kept while Sharpe served in the Confederate Army during the Civil War. They discuss camp life and military tactics of several major battles and campaigns, such as Gettysburg in Pennsylvania, Fredericksburg in Virginia, Antietam in Maryland, the Battle of the Wilderness in Virginia, and the Valley Campaign led by Stonewall Jackson in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia. The first journal contains some quotes from various authors.

Enoch Stephens

Enoch Stephens's diary from his time in the 5th NY Veteran Volunteers from January 1st, 1865 to December 26th, 1865. Most entries describe the weather and the time of daily drills and dress parades, but the diary also documents such events as the fall of Richmond, the surrender of General Robert E. Lee, the assassination of Abraham Lincoln, Stephens' time guarding the Lincoln Conspirators and witnessing the executions, and the paying off of several regiments. Enoch Stephens (born ~1835) enlisted on June 30th, 1861 in Brooklyn, New York as a 1st Sergeant. During his time in the military, Stephens seems to have participated in the 84th Regiment, New York Infantry, the 5th Regiment, New York Veteran Infantry, and the 4th Regiment, US Veteran Volunteer Infantry. Prior to 1865 he was promoted to major.

Eugene Bergin Hinkley

Correspondence from Eugene Bergin Hinkley to his sisters in which he details his activities while traveling as secretary to Commodore Thatcher, who was stationed aboard the U.S. Sloop-of-War Constellation bound for the Mediterranean to protect Union shipping. The tour also served a diplomatic function as Thatcher and Hinkley met with American and foreign diplomats at each port. Several letters include news about the Civil War as well as rumors from the diplomatic community about possible foreign actions. The news that Gen. George B. McClellan took Yorktown, Virginia, and the possibility of French mediation thereby recognizing the Confederacy (18 May 1862) is noted as is Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton's culpability in not supporting McClellan (26 July 1862). Later, Hinkley speculates on charges of incompetence being leveled at General McClellan (18 December 1862) and questions whether McClellan lost Richmond because the use of McDowell's Corps was withheld from him (4 July 1863). Also included is a discussion of whether war with the Confederacy is justified by the Constitution (26 February 1863). Hinkley was unsure of the ability of the Union leaders to gain victory, while noting the success of the Confederacy against all odds (17 May 1863). In the English port of Gibraltar, Union and Confederate ships, in theory, were both restricted to a twenty-four-hour stay. In reality the English were partial to the Confederacy and Hinkley notes that the CSS Sumter was allowed to stay indefinitely. There, also, relations between English and Union officers were tense, ending in a fight in a restaurant (4 May 1862). Items of interest about each country are also included in the correspondence. In Turkey, the easy life of Beirut missionaries who were better supported and had fewer responsibilities than the majority of clergymen in New England is detailed (26 September 1862). Hinkley also describes a meeting with the president of the Ottoman Railway Co., an English concern, and notes the condition of the line.

Ferdinand Sophus Winslow letters, September 1861-February 1862

Ferdinand Sophus Winslow letters, February-September 1862

Ferdinand Sophus Winslow letters, September 1862-April 1865

Details Civil War army life of Ferdinand Winslow, who, during this time, served as Quartermaster of the Army of the Southwest.

Abner R. Small

The Sixteenth Maine Regiment in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1865 / by Major A. R Small. With an introduction written by Gen. James A. Hall. In the form of a diary, with biographies and statistical tables appended.

Alexander S. Millard

This is the diary of Alexander S. Millard who served with the 26th Mew York Independent Light Artillery Battery during the Civil War. The diary covers January 1 to November 29, 1865 and includes daily entries from military camps near Mobile, Alabama and Brownsville, Texas. Millard offers a brief description of the Union Army siege of Spanish Fort and Fort Blakely (Alabama).

Almon Hodges

Unique for its clarity and detail, Hodges's diary offers a rich narrative of his nine months of service in the Union Army. Hodges began his dairy in September of 1862, while undergoing basic training at Camp Meigs in Readville, Mass., ten miles south of Boston. By early November Hodges and the 44th Regiment had been transported New Bern, N.C., a position held by Union forces since Mar. of 1862.

Alonzo B. Lothrop

Beginning of the march from Atlanta to the sea : a diary by Alonzo B. Lothrop and Frank B. Lothrop, with a letter written by Joseph Nelson.  This pamphlet contains two primary historical accounts of the experiences of the 25th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry during General Sherman's Savannah campaign. One part of the pamphlet is a transcript of a diary kept by Alonzo H. Lothrop and Frank B. Lothrop during Sherman's March to the Sea. The diary ranges from November 15th to 23rd. The additional section of the pamphlet is a letter written by Corporal J. Nelson to his sister. The letter is dated May 31st 1864.

Alonzo Miller

Alonzo Miller Civil War papers, 1864 – 1865. The collection consists of typed transcripts of Private Miller's daily diary and letters to his family during his time as a soldier. The letters and diary chronicles the 12th regiment's march from Wisconsin through Tennessee and Alabama and into Georgia. His papers provide detailed descriptions of the towns and countryside through which he travelled and include observations on the daily activities of soldiers, such as training and foraging, as well as comments on the weather and the general health of himself and his fellow troops. Miller described battles and skirmishes his brigade fought on its way to Atlanta. He describes the action of the Battle of Atlanta, and the subsequent march to Savannah, through the Carolinas, and into Washington, D.C., where he was part of the Grand Review of the Armies on May 24, 1865. He makes mention of the presidential election of November, 1864 and the assassination of Abraham Lincoln in April, 1865. Miller's diary also chronicles his frustration over constraints on his mobility while in Washington and his train ride home to Wisconsin after the war ended.

Willis A. Babcock

Babcock's Civil War diary begins near Washington, D.C., where his company had been since June 1863. While at Fort Carroll, his entries largely contain descriptions of his duties in camp (drills and guard, police, or orderly duties), as well as rare sight-seeing trips in the city. He occasionally mentions his meals, recording one day in March where he had roast turkey for dinner--several of his friends caught seven turkeys the previous day. Like many soldiers, Babcock frequently records the weather in his diary. In May of 1864, the artillery unit moved to Fort Willard, Virginia. For most of that month, Babcock's diary continues to record picket and guard duties, as well as inspections and dress parades. On May 27, the regiment marched to Washington and loaded on to boats headed down the Potomac River. He spent several days on board the U.S. Transport Jefferson before marching from Port Royal to Bowling Green, Virginia. In early June, the regiment was encamped at General Burnside's Headquarters near Cold Harbor, Virginia. On June 5, 1864, Babcock writes they were being shelled, which resulting in the "killing [of] one man from Co. K....+ one from Co. M. was wounded. this is the first time we have been under fire." He records several days of shelling before moving toward Petersburg. For most of June, July, and into August, Babcock's diary includes lengthy entries of his experiences from the rifle pits in Petersburg, as well as camp life. On July 30, he writes "losses very heavy on both sides our men occupy the same ground they did this morning. a total failure on our side." By mid-August, the 10th New York Heavy Artillery was camped at Fort Whipple, in Arlington, Virginia. In early September, Babcock's entries find him increasingly ill and excused from duty. The regiment left for the Shenandaoh Valley in October and on October 8, Babcock writes, "slept in Hospital to night for the first time since I have been a soldier." He was transferred from Alexandria to Lincoln Hospital in Washington, D.C., where he remained until November. His entries for October are very brief. From November 6 to the end of the year, Babcock's diary is about his activities at home while on furlough. Willis A. Babcock enlisted as a private with Company B of the 10th Regiment, New York Heavy Artillery on December 8, 1862 (he notes his 19-month anniversary in his diary on March 8, 1864). He was probably born around 1840 and was living in Adams, Jefferson County, New York, prior to the Civil War. During November and December of 1864, Babcock was on a furlough which was extended from its initial 12 days to an additional 18 days. He spent it at home in New York. The memorandum section of the diary notes extended furlough pay in December. He appears to have mustered out as a corporal, but it is unclear if this occurred with the regiment or prior to the end of the war. There is no information about his life after the war. The various companies of the 10th Regiment, New York Heavy Artillery were formed during the fall and winter of 1862. By June of 1863 the entire regiment was stationed in Washington, D.C. The regiment remained there until May 1864, when it moved to Cold Harbor, Virginia. The unit fought at a number of significant battles in Virginia, including Cold Harbor, a portion of the Petersburg campaign, and Cedar Creek in the Shenandoah Valley. In December 1864, the regiment moved again and was stationed at Bermuda Hundred, Virginia, until joining the Appomattox Campaign in March 1865, and the final battle at Petersburg in April. The 10th Regiment, New York Heavy Artillery mustered out in June of 1865..

William T. Russel , C.S.A. Hospital Department Surgical Notes

Russel, William T. (Thomas), 1827-1899.  Diary of William T. (Thomas) Russel containing entries on medical cases of Confederate soldiers, Holcombe Legion, from the years 1862 - 1865. Soldier case entries include, name, rank and company within the Holcombe Legion and references to specific battles.; Page numbers supplied by cataloger. Name entries verified in: South Carolina Confederate soldiers, 1861-1865. He served as the surgeon for the Confederate Army, Holcombe Legion, until the end of the war.

William M. Horton

Diary of William M. Horton, dated January 1, 1864 through August 28, 1864. In this diary, he discusses the weather, picket duty, inspections, deaths in the regiment, the Battle of Morton's Ford (February 6), parades, food, African Americans (April 27), sightseeing in Washington (May 5-7), the Battle of Spottsylvania, skirmishes, the Battle of Totopotomoy Creek, the Battle of Cold Harbor, Battle of Jerusalem Plank Road, the Battle of Deep Bottom, the Siege of Petersburg, the Fourth of July, changing regiments to the 118th Colored Troops, and mustering in the 118th Colored Troops (August 22). Also included in the diary is a letter list, an expenses list, a regimental history, and a list of officers and enlisted men in the 26th Michigan Infantry, Company E with details of their service record. Military Service Note: Horton, William M. Hartland. Enlisted in company E, Twenty-sixth Infantry, as Musician, Dec. 1, 1862, at Rives, for 3 years, age 19. Mustered Dec. 8, 1862. Corporal, Oct. 31, 1863. Wounded in action near Petersburg, Va., June 16, 1864. Discharged Aug. 2, 1864, at accept commission in One Hundred and Eighteenth U.S. Colored Troops.

William L. Mangum papers, 1825-1963, undated

Transcript of William L. Mangum papers, 1825-1963, undated

Dr. William L. Mangum papers, 1825-1963, undated 1825-1963. This collection consists of military orders for Dr. William L. Mangum to raise a cavalry company from wounded Confederate soldiers; personal letters; Confederate military passes; account pages; tax and other receipts, 1833-1896; and birth, marriage, and death certificates for other members of the family.

William Morgan

Civil War Service Diary of William Morgan, beginning January 1, 1865, and ending on the day he was mustered out of the Service, June 29, 1865. Records everyday occurrences including locations of camp (Spring Hill, Nashville, and Johnsonville, TN; Paducah, KY; Cairo, IL; St. Louis and Warrensburg, MO); activities; weather; mail; general health of the companies, sickness (mumps, varioloid), and death; traffic on the river; food or lack thereof; and travel via train and boat.

William E. Vaughan

Diary of William E. Vaughan of Christian County, Missouri dated from December 14, 1861 to May 27, 1862; given to his sister Almena C. Bowles. Vaughan was sworn into Confederate Service, Christian County Company, December 14, 1861 in Ozark, Christian County, Missouri; H. P. Green was elected Captain of the company. The diary documents Vaughan’s day by day experiences as he traveled from Ozark, MO to Springfield, MO; Springfield, MO to Cove Creek, Arkansas; Cove Creek to Pea Ridge, Arkansas; Pea Ridge to Van Buren, Arkansas; Van Buren to Clarksville, Arkansas; Clarksville to Dover, Arkansas; Dover to Springfield, Arkansas; and Springfield to Des Arc, Arkansas; and on to Memphis, TN and Corinth, MS. His notations include descriptions of his company’s involvement in the Battle of Pea Ridge and the Siege of Corinth (up until May 27, 1862). Also included are descriptions of the company’s steamboat trip to Memphis, TN and their journey by rail to Corinth, MS; road conditions during various marches; attitudes and morale of Vaughan and his fellow soldiers; and living conditions and hardships of the soldiers. Pages 57 and 58 are missing from the diary.

William A. Dewey
Civil War diary of William A. Dewey. In the diary, he describes daily life, marches, the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House, and the Battle of Cold Harbor. Military Service Note: Dewey, William A. Leslie. Entered service in company A, Twentieth Infantry, at organization, as Second Lieutenant, July 31, 1862, at Leslie, for 3 years, age 30. Mustered Aug. 18, 1862. Commissioned First Lieutenant July 29, 1862. Commissioned Captain Dec. 30, 1862. Mustered April 25, 1863. Killed in action near Petersburg, Va., June 18, 1864.

William E. Walsh

Diary of Corporal William E. Walsh: First Rhode Island Cavalry, 1861-1865.

Basil H. Messler

February 1864-January 1865. Basil H. Messler enlisted in the Union Army in 1864, at Fort McClellan in Davenport, Iowa. Messler served in the Mississippi Marine Brigade, which was commanded by Brigadier General Alfred W. Ellet. He saw action at Vicksburg several times. The Brigade was dissolved in August 1864, and Messler was reassigned as Commissary Sergeant of the First Battalion Calvary Regiment. He was later promoted to Corporal. Messler’s diary spans from late February 1864 to late January 1865. It mainly describes the non-combat life of Messler and his fellow soldiers.

Benjamin M. Peck Diary 1864

Benjamin M. Peck Diary 1865

The 1864 leather bound, preprinted diary contains two daily entries per page with cash accounts and notes sections in the back of the diary. In 1864 Benjamin M. Peck was the Captain of Company B in the 141st Regiment PA Volunteers. Due to absences, injuries, and illness of other officers he was placed in command of the regiment before being assigned to lead the 1st United States Sharp Shooters. Brigadier General Byron R. Pierce saw fit to place him in charge of the three companies of sharpshooters and he remained in this position until the end of the war. Peck describes battles, skirmishes, picket lines, commands, and other military assignments and engagements in great detail. He notes the various marches and travel routes of his company and records his travels between the Virginia front and his home in Towanda, PA. As part of the Army of the Potomac, Peck recounts the regiments campaign in Virginia and the Siege of Petersburg. He lists his men who were wounded or killed in battle, describes court martial proceedings, and even gives an account of the execution of a Union soldier for desertion. Following the 1864 presidential election he enumerates each candidate's results within the division, which Lincoln won convincingly.

The 1865 leather bound, preprinted, pocket diary contains one entry per day with cash accounts and notes listed in the back of the book. This diary continues with the 141st PA Volunteers camped outside of Petersburg in their winter quarters and continues through the end of the war and Peck's return home. He recounts the fall of Petersburg, the Union pursuit of Lee's Army of Virginia across the state, and Lee's ultimate surrender at Appomattox Court House. Peck was assigned to preside over several court martial proceedings and gives details regarding these proceedings and punishments, which include a botched execution of a Union soldier. As in the first diary, Peck provides an account of the daily movement of Union troops and supplies. He also gives detailed lists of captured soldiers and artillery, as well as Union wounded and casualty records. As the war nears its conclusion Peck was in charge of mustering out soldiers and kept thorough records of the process. He also recounts receiving the news of Presidents Lincoln's assassination and describes the mood of the men upon hearing the President was killed. The entries end in July of 1865 with Peck practicing law in his home town of Towanda, PA.

Bruce Elmore

These are the diaries of Bruce Elmore who served with the 143rd New York Infantry during the Civil War. Elmore describes the life of soldier, homesickness, combat, illness, and troop movements.

C.P. Lacey

C.P. Lacey diary, 1864. This collection consists of a Civil War diary by C. P. Lacey that mainly focuses on battles in Georgia. Accompanied is a cased photo on glass of Lacey as an older man.

Calvin N. Otis

Pocket diary of Lieutenant Colonel Calvin N. Otis, 100th New York Volunteer Infantry. The entries date from Jan. 10, 1862 to Dec. 31, 1862. In the back of the diary is an account and pencil map of an unidentified battle, possibly Fair Oaks.

Carrie Berry

This collection contains four items including an original diary kept by Carrie Berry from 1864-1866; an original diary kept by her from 1868-1874; a friendship book published in 1870, which is titled Mental Photographs an Album for Confessions or Tastes, Habits, and Convictions; and a letter written to Carrie Berry and Blanche Hardin from Clement A. Evans dated 2 February 1872, which was written while Carrie was a student at the North Georgia Female Academy. In the diary kept from 1864-1866, Carrie gives a child's account of the siege, occupation and burning of Atlanta.

Charles A. Rubright

This the Civil War diary (January 1, 1864 to May 19, 1865), of Corporal Charles A. Rubright of Company F, 106th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry Regiment. Diary includes descriptions of military camps in Virginia and Andersonville Prison in Georgia.

Charles C. Phillips Civil War diary and Signal Corps message book, 1864

Message book and diary (in one volume) kept by Phillips during the period April 24, 1864 - July 13, 1864. Includes details about Signal Corps activities during this period. Mentions seeing the VMI cadets at Hanover Junction on May 23 (including his brother Samuel Travers Phillips), where they stopped on their way to Richmond after the Battle of New Market on May 15.

Benjamin F. White Diary

The collection includes the diary kept by Benjamin F. White while serving in Virginia, July-October 1861. The diary contains a detailed narrative of events, with comments and reflections, including discussion of the Battle of Manassas (Bull Run), 21 July 1861. Topics discussed include diseases that killed many in the regiment, preaching and baptizing, gambling, and other aspects of camp life.

Albert Moses Luria

Diary, 1861-1862. The collection is a typed transcription of the diary of Albert Moses Luria while he was serving as a lieutenant in the 23rd North Carolina Infantry Regiment, Confederate States of America, 19 August 1861-13 February 1862. The diary includes a description of the battle of Manassas Junction (First Battle of Bull Run) with an official list of casualties and an account of an engagement near Union Mills, Va.

Alfred D. Morgan Diary - Sep. to Nov. 1864

Alfred D. Morgan Diary - Jan. 1865 to Jan. 1866

Alfred Dexter Morgan was a Sergeant in Company D of the 17th Illinois Cavalry, which formed in St. Charles, Illinois. Morgan noted that he sent home money from Illinois, Missouri and Kansas while in service. In early January of 1865, the 17th Illinois Cavalry were in Rolla, Missouri, but they moved to Pilot Knob, Missouri, just prior to General M. Jefferson Thompson's surrender of 7,000 men at Chalk Bluff, Missouri. Afterwards, the 17th left for Kansas City, Missouri, where they stayed until ordered to Fort Scott, Kansas, on June 1st. For June, July and August of 1865, Morgan and the 17th Illinois Cavalry balanced there time between Ft. Scott, Kansas, Balltown, Missouri, and Fort Barnesville, Missouri. In early September, they were ordered to Fort Larned, Kansas, where they remained through November, loading supply wagon trains while the Kiowa Indians traded at the Fort. Morgan was angry about being stationed in what he believed was the heart of secessionism; Kansas. At the end of November, the 17th Illinois Cavalry left for Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, camping in heavy snow and killing many buffalo along the way. By the time they arrived at Fort Leavenworth in December, Morgan's health had deteriorated and he was put in the hospital. Company D of the 17th Illinois Cavalry mustered out on December 20, 1865, and Morgan was discharged on the 27th, at Camp Butler, Illinois. The remainder of the diary consists of the names and hometowns of the men in Company D and some from Company B of the 17th Illinois Cavalry. Morgan noted that some were deceased and others deserted.

 Alfred Dexter Morgan enlisted in Company D of the17th Illinois Cavalry Volunteers. His regiment organized in St Charles, Illinois, in January 1864. Morgan’s first diary, written from September 19, 1864 November 15, 1864, chronicles his actions hunting William T. (Bloody Bill) Anderson and General Sterling Prices Army across northern and western Missouri. The 17th Illinois Cavalry fought in the Battle of Centralia on September 27, 1864 and, according to Morgan, engaged in a large skirmish against roughly 3,000 Confederate Cavalry on the Osage River on October 6. The 17th Illinois Cavalry pursued Prices Army during his 1864 raid into Missouri, and notes the following battles: the Second Battle of Lexington, the Battle of Mine Creek, and the Second Battle of Newtonia. After Price retreated from Missouri, the 17th Illinois Cavalry camped in Springfield, Missouri, where Morgan feared they would all die due to bad weather conditions, lack of supplies, low rations and poor leadership. By November 1864, Morgan believed only 285 men remained of the 17th Illinois Cavalry, with 21 men belonging to Company D.

Alfred Mantor

Civil War diary of Alfred Mantor, a corporal (and later sergeant) with C Company of the 27th Massachusetts Infantry. Mantor's diary covers January through April of 1864, shortly before he was killed in action in May. Entries focus on his regiment's activities, as well as his personal experiences teaching Sunday school in the Norfolk, Virginia, area. Alfred L. Mantor, originally a farmer from Hawley, MA, enlisted when he was 25 years old as a Corporal to C Company of the 27th Massachusetts Infantry on September 25, 1861. Mantor was promoted to Sergeant on September 8, 1863. Mantor was killed in action on May 7, 1864 at Port Walthall Junction, VA.

Andrew J. P. Giddings

Andrew J. P. Giddings Diary and Ledger of Income and Expenses (1863-1865) describing the life of a Confederate soldier from Onslow county, North Carolina who served in Company E, 3rd North Carolina Infantry. Includes descriptions of several Civil War battles: Gettysburg, Cold Harbor, Sharpsburg, Malvern Hill, 2nd Winchester, Chancellorsville, and the Wilderness. Also includes an envelope (undated) which contained the diary. "Granddad Giddings Diary" written on the envelope.

Charles H. Bushee

Bushee's diary is an account of his duties and the movements of Company E, 112th Regiment, New York Infantry, from January to mid-November of 1863. Each entry begins with the phrase "1 day for Uncle Sam" and in the cash accounts in the back of the diary, Bushee refers to his pay as coming from "Uncle Sam." From September of 1862 to June of 1863, the 112th New York Infantry was stationed in central and eastern Virginia. Bushee writes frequently of picket duty and skirmishes around Franklin, Carville [sic] (likely Carrsville), and Norfolk, Virginia. He also provides some details of the siege at Suffolk in April 1863. In July, the regiment began the trip to Charleston, South Carolina. Bushee reports on the shelling at Fort Sumter from his posts around Fort Wagner, Black Island, and Charleston in August. Although he seems he often notes being ordered to and going to the front, he does not detail his actions there. By September, Bushee's increasing illness begins to dominate his diary. The last eight weeks of entries, ending abruptly on November 18th, consists of little more than "feel unwell." Bushee died three weeks later. The latter pages of the diary contain detailed cash accounts of Bushee's purchases, as well as a list of dead and wounded from the company, and dates he served on guard and picket duty.

Charles H. Knox

Charles H. Knox diary and letters, 1864-1865. The collection consists of a memoir written by Charles H. Knox based upon a diary kept as a prisoner that describes the battle which resulted in his capture, the trip to Andersonville by train, the layout of the prison using a hand drawn map, the shelters of either tents or holes dug in the ground, the food and prices, the number of prisoners arriving on various days, punishments, hangings and exchange of prisoners. He includes maps and drawings of the prison grounds. There are also two letters to his wife. One letter informing her of his imprisonment and the other from Annapolis telling her that he was exchanged on February 26, 1865. Charles H. Knox enlisted January 5, 1864 in Company L, Connecticut 1st Cavalry. He was captured at Craig's Church, Virginia on May 5, 1864 and taken to Andersonville Prison in Georgia. Knox was finally sent to Florence (South Carolina) stockade for exchange.

Asbury L. Stephens

This collection consists of diaries, an account book, images, and a letter by Asbury L. Stephens of the 81st Ohio Infantry. The content mostly covers the Civil War during 1864-1865. The 81st Ohio Infantry (1861-1865), of which Asbury L. Stephens was a member,was active during the Civil War. In this time the regiment captured numerous prisoners, obtained three battle flags, and participated in regular duties of siege.

Benjamin Benner

This is the diary of Benjamin Benner who served with Company G of the 29th Pennsylvania Infantry during the Civil War. The diary is a summary of Benner’s military service from May 14, 1861. It is an undated narrative account that describes various campaigns and battles including the Battle of Gettysburg.

Charles Kroff

Kroff enlisted in Company "F" of the 11th Indiana Infantry Volunteers on July 12, 1861, at the age of 23. The diary describes his experiences during four years and one month of service: the battles, the news he heard about the War in other parts of the country, and the problems of soldiering. Kroff's regiment fought fifteen regular battles, including Shiloh, the capture of Corinth, and the battle at Fort Donelson. The regiment was under fire seventy-seven different days. The last official entry of the diary is August 11, 1865, when the 11th Indiana Infantry Volunteers received their pay and went their separate ways. There is an additional entry dated December 11, 1909, the seventy-second birthday of Charles Kroff.

Alpheus C. Williams

Contains brief daily entries regarding the affairs of the 32nd Missouri Infantry, including camp activities at Camp Proclamation, Ala. (January to May 1864); regimental affairs during the Atlanta campaign (May to September 1864), including brief accounts of battles; and mentions of guerrilla warfare in Dent County, Mo. (November to December 1864).

Andrew Arneson

Andrew E. Arneson Diary, 1865 .  Andrew Arneson was 25 years old when he began keeping this diary. He had come from Norway to Blue Mounds, Wis., as a child, and when he enlisted in Feb. 1865 he was married and a new father. Arneson served as a private in Co. A of the 49th Infantry and spent most of his days guarding prisoners in Missouri. His diary is interesting because it records how the closing days of the war appeared to a humble rank-and-file soldier. Most of its entries are short but beginning on page 49 is a long ""Memoranda"" in which Arneson reflects on his experiences. After discharge he returned to farming in Ridgeway, Wis., until he retired in 1897 and moved into Mt. Horeb, where he was active in village politics until his death in 1922.

Charles L. C. Minor Cash Book and Edward P. Harmon Civil War Diary, 1860-1864

Cash book maintained by Confederate Captain Charles L. C. Minor from 1860 to 1864. Also contained within the cash book's pages are diary entries of Union Army Private Edward P. Harmon (5th Maine Infantry) during May and June, 1864. Research materials on the two soldiers (including photocopies of maps, muster rolls, census records, and an image of Harmon) and a complete photocopy of the piece are also included. The small volume of 68 pages, bearing on its spine the embossment "cash book," was retained for its intended use by Captain Minor, its original owner, to carefully record personal expenditures and savings. Minor's records commence with November 6, 1860 and end on May 4, 1864. In recording these financial transactions, Minor provides details regarding his daily whereabouts and activities. He records meal and travel purchases, as well as amounts paid to individual servants, expenses for personal and household items, services, and military gear. Also recorded within the book are Minor's bank transactions for 1861-1862, a list of silver wedding gifts received by Fanny Cazenove Minor, and a list of stocks and bonds held by Minor. The cash book was among materials seized by Federal troops in the act of destroying the rail line and depot at Hewletts Station, Virginia on May 25, 1864, and came into the possession of Private Harmon, who used it as a diary. (As the first diary entry predates the volume's capture by three weeks, we may surmise that the early entries were made retrospectively or that they were copied from another book.) Harmon's first entry, for May 2, finds his regiment having just crossed the Hazel River and preparing to cross the Rapidan. Soon, Harmon describes fearful, endless shelling by "cast iron hummingbirds" during the Battle of the Wilderness. Harmon briefly mentions African American troops, Confederate prisoners of war, and camp rumors. As the regiment marches toward Spotsylvania Court House, Harmon mentions a fire in which many wounded soldiers were killed. He describes heavy fighting and losses at Spotsylvania and at one point questions the actions of the Brigade commander. As his regiment endures battles at North Anna and Cold Harbor, Harmon describes the morale of his comrades ("very much broken up they are tired heartsick & discouraged") and himself ("sick, tired & worn out too night this is our 9th day of slaughter"). Many of the entries center on his brigade's movements and preparations for battles that often fail to materialize. Harmon's diary entries end with June 3, 1864. Following the June 3 entry is a gap, indicating the removal of several pages, and a page of wartime accounts held by Harmon and I. F. Goodwin. The volume also contains two botanical samples, one of which appears to be a collection of four-leaved clovers, tipped into the first two pages.

James Joseph Williamson

Mosby's Rangers: a record of the operations of the Forty-third battalion Virginia cavalry, from its organization to the surrender, from the diary of a private, supplemented and varified with official reports of federal officers and also of Mosby; with personal reminiscences, sketches of skirmishes, battles and bivouacs, dashing raids and daring adventures, scenes and incidents in the history of Mosby's command ... Muster rolls, occupation and present whereabouts of surviving members.

Alice Williamson

This small, leather-bound volume is the 36-page diary kept by schoolgirl Alice Williamson at Gallatin, Tennessee from February to September 1864. The main topic of the diary is the occupation of Gallatin and the surrounding region by Union forces under General Eleazer A. Paine. The diary relates many atrocities attributed to Paine. Frequently mentioned is presence of black contrabands in and around Gallatin, attempts to give them formal schooling, and their abuse by Union Eastern Tennessee troops. Alice Williamson is bitterly resentful of the Union occupation. The diarist mirrors the abandonment felt by many Confederate sympathizers in Gallatin. She notes the presence of rebel troops in the region, mentions the massacre at Fort Pillow, the death of Confederate raider John Hunt Morgan, and Atlanta's surrender to Sherman. The diary lacks details of daily life. The schoolroom and occasional visits are the only other major concerns of the diarist.

Alva Cleveland

The diary of Alva Cleveland, a 57-year-old soldier who served as an orderly with the 1st Regiment, Wisconsin Infantry. The diary covers March to July 1862 while Cleveland's regiment was stationed around Nashville, Tennessee, and in northern Alabama. In the back pocket of the diary are several sewing needles and a lock of brown hair. The diary does not indentify whose hair it is. Cleveland writes that he and George enlisted to 'take up arms in defense of that liberty that our fathers fought to Establish (sic).' Due to his position as orderly, however, Cleveland appears to have done little actual fighting. He was most often at the rear of the regiment, tending to and assisting in moving the sick and wounded when the camp moved. He frequently writes of staying behind as the mobile portion of the regiment moves forward and, when they are separated, notes his concern for his young son. Cleveland's diary entries are lengthy narratives on camp life, moving camps and marches, records of letters and money sent to and from home, and most commonly, stories of people he meets along the way. He tells detailed stories of positive and negative encounters with Union and Confederate supporters. Although Cleveland provides some accounts of skirmishes, he does not record any particular battles or battle reports.

Amos W. Avery

Civil War diary of Amos W. Avery of Illinois who served in the Third Missouri Calvary, Company I. The diary begins with a brief reminiscence back to Avery's enlistment in 1861 and has regular entries from January of 1862 until March of 1863. There are also entries from July to September of 1865. The diary was transcribed by Daniel Smith in 1983.

Berry Benson Diary 1861-1865

 A Confederate Sergeant's Adventures, 1910-1911

The collection mainly consists of diaries of Berry Benson from 1861-1865, which detail his service as a Confederate Civil War soldier with Company H of the 1st South Carolina Infantry Regiment as a scout and sharpshooter. Includes information on the battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia; Benson's capture in Spotsylvania, Virginia; his imprisonment and escape from Elmira Prison, New York; and other events in Maryland and Georgia. Persons mentioned in Benson's diaries include Benson's brother Blackwood "Bob" Benson, Frank Champion, Mike Duffy, and General Bradley Johnson. The collection also includes a manuscript (1910-1911) written by Benson entitled "A Confederate Sergeant's Adventures" later published as a chapter in Elmira Prison Camp.

Abbie M. Brooks Diary (Transcript)

Abbie M. Brooks diaries and church invitation, 1858-1870. This collection contains two diaries of Abigail M. Brooks, which date from 1865 and 1870 along with typed transcriptions of both. In addition, there is an invitation to attend church which dates from 1858. In the 1865 diary, Brooks describes life in rural Tennessee, near Nashville, where she teaches in a one room school house. Later in the year, Abigail moves to Edgefield, Tennessee, also near Nashville, and starts her own school. She describes life in Edgefield, trials with her students, the smoking stove, and parents who don't pay tuition. She also describes trips to Nashville to shop, take music lessons, and visit with friends. In April 1865, she mentions the fall of Richmond, General Robert E. Lee's surrender, President Lincoln's assassination. She describes meeting soldiers who were traveling home from war and learning about their war experiences. In the 1870 diary, Brooks describes the cities of Edgefield, Nashville, Atlanta, Madison, Augusta, and Savannah. Her diary gives insight into the Presbyterian Churches that Abigail attended while living in these cities. She describes the services, the ministers and church buildings. Many of the entries review her efforts to make a living selling books, religious prints, maps, or pictures of Robert E. Lee, both door-to-door and in local factories or offices. She mentions many local businessmen and their wives and sometimes comments on race relations, travel,city conditions and the hardships she encountered as a single woman trying to make a living in the post-Civil War South.

Alonzo C. Ide diary, 1864

Alonzo C. Ide diary, 1864 (transcript)

Handwritten Civil War diary, soft cover, pocket sized, scanned and transcribed .

Andrew J. Boies

Record of the Thirty-third Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, from Aug. 1862 to Aug. 1865. By Andrew J. Boies.

Andrew J. Weston

Journal kept at Quartermaster's Department in Detroit by Andrew J. Weston, a clerk and bookkeeper, during the Civil War. Contains items of clothing issued to members of Company G, Second Michigan Infantry.

Anna Hasell Thomas

Anna Hasell Thomas Diary, July 1864 - May 1865, unbound diary describing several months preceding and following end of Civil War, relating illness of her sister, Cornelia; departure from their home in New York City for South Carolina on board the steamer, Arago; death of her sister on board ship near the coast of Hilton Head Island, S.C., on Christmas day, 1864; arrival at Charleston harbor and passing through the Union blockade; details of crossing enemy lines on land, with an escort by Union soldiers, including African American troops, and meeting with Confederate soldiers; travel from Charleston with her sister's body, through Columbia, S.C., to Ridgeway (Fairfield County, S.C.), and burial of her sister. Later entries discuss rumors of Sherman's arrival, and her account of 21 Feb. 1865, the day Union soldiers filled her family home and removed meat, livestock and valuables; the diary concludes with her return trip through the burned ruins of Columbia, S.C., a difficult journey to the coast, food shortages in Charleston, meeting former slaves who had worked for her family, and her arrival in New York, with the city in deep mourning for the assassination of President Lincoln.

B. H. Johnson

The B. H. Johnson Journal is a handwritten account of one year from September 1863 to September 1864 recorded by a Methodist circuit riding minister of eastern Virginia. Some mentioned locations within Virginia are Shiloh, Charlottesville, Salem, Port Royal, Spotsylvania, Hanover County, Augusta County, Caroline County, and Madison County, among others. Subjects include the American Civil War and its concomitant destruction, the duties and practices of a Methodist minister, typhoid fever, 'Yankee' crime, and slavery. A particularly engaging segment within Johnson's journal discusses the theft of his horse by rogues and the eventual heroic repossession of his steed.

Barth Family, Papers, 1852-1907

Several letters written during the Civil War describe economic conditions and confrontations with Confederate guerillas in the Rocheport area.

Benjamin T. Hunter, 1861

Benjamin T. Hunter, 1861 (tranbscription)

This collection contains Benjamin T. Hunter's diary, in which he wrote extensively about the weather, his school, hunting, Civil War battles, drilling and camp life with the local militia, the cost of items he had purchased, and various activities he pursued in his workshop. Also included are military documents in which Hunter is ordered to arrest deserters. There are letters from J. DeWitt Burkhead regarding a teaching position in Athens, Georgia. The collection also contains papers related to Hunter's teaching career, such as a booklet entitled "Compositions of the Students of Grove Academy," and papers from the University High School which include a school pamphlet, minutes of a Civil War veterans' organization in the school, and minutes from the Alpha Nu Society of the University High School.

Bruno Trombly

Diary and Records, 1866. January-December 1866, of Bruno Trombly, apparently of Potsdam, N.Y., who was, for most of this period, a lieutenant in the 81st United States Colored Infantry at New Orleans, La.; and service records (copies only) of Trombly from the National Archives. Trombly discussed daily military and social routines, working for a merchant in New Orleans, and his struggle to decide whether to settle in Louisiana or New York State.

Charles A. Gunn

Diary of Charles A. Gunn dated 1863. In this diary, he writes a poem to his mother, draws badges for himself and Arthur Gunn, discusses rations, finances, the weather, the railroad, his health, a circus, the Siege of Vicksburg, General Morgan, camp life, deaths in his regiment, the shooting of his horse (Dec 11), and the mail. Military Service Note: Gunn, Charles A. Clinton County. Enlisted in company B, Third Cavalry, Sept. 1, 1861, at St. Johns for 3 years, age 19. Mustered Oct. 11, 1861. On duty with Ninth Illinois Cavalry from Jan 31 to May 30, 1864. Discharged at expiration of term of service at Brownsville, Ark., Oct. 24, 1864.
 

Charles Carroll Gray Diary vol. 1

Charles Carroll Gray Diary vol. 2

Charles Carroll Gray Diary vol. 3


Charles Carroll Gray of New York was a United States Army medical officer in the first Battle of Manassas. During the Civil War, he was confined in Confederate prisons. The collection is a diary, initially 1861-1862 and later expanded to 1877, of Charles Carroll Gray in the first Battle of Manassas and while confined in Confederate prisons, including Libby Prison in Richmond, Va., Castle Pinckney in Charleston, S.C., and in other facilities at Columbia, S.C., and Salisbury, N.C. The diary entries are extremely detailed, especially concerning medical conditions of the prisoners and social interactions between prisoners and guards.

Darwin H. Babbitt

Diary of Darwin H. Babbitt dated 1864. In this diary, he discusses being under arrest with the Provost Guard, rejoining his regiment, skirmishes, the Battle of the Wilderness, and the Battle of Topotomoy Creek. Military Service Note: Babbitt, Darwin H. Ypsilanti. Enlisted in company K, Fifth Cavalry, Aug. 21, 1862, at Detroit, for 3 years, age 18. Mustered Sept. 2, 1862. Taken prisoner at Hawes' Shop, Va., May 28, 1864. Released Jan. 27, 1865. Mustered out at Fort Leavenworth, Kan., June 22, 1865.

Darwin G. Palmer

This is the diary of Darwin G. Palmer who served with Company D, 101st Ohio Infantry during the Civil War. From January-May 1865, he was a nurse at the U.S. Army General Hospital No. 3, Lookout Mountain, Tennessee.

Daniel White Wells

Civil War diary of Hatfield soldier Daniel White Wells, covering the dates Oct. 2, 1862, through July 28, 1863. Includes Battle of Port Hudson, during which he finished his 9-month service. Digital donation courtesy of John F. Wells.

Zadok B. Austin

This is the 98 page diary of Zadok B. Austin who served with the 10th New York Heavy Artillery during the Civil War. The diary covers January 1 to July 7, 1865 and tells of camp life, battle and encounters with freedmen.

William W. Barnett

A diary with one-page entries for the year of 1862. A few pages of memoranda follow on which Barnett has listed miscellaneous clothing expenses and his pay record for the year. The diary describes his time in hospital in January and February, as well as from September through December. These latter entries include his work as a nurse, particularly tending to the wounded following the battle of Fredericksburg in December 1862. Camp life and routine, visits with his brother Henry, and brief trips into Washington D.C. are among the topics mentioned. Barnett also mentions review of the division by President Lincoln, General McDowell, and Secretary Stanton in May near Fredericksburg and again by Lincoln and McClellan in July near Harrison's Landing. The diary includes descriptions of battle at Mechanicsville, Gaines' Mill, Frazier's Farm, and Malvern Hill in the Seven Day's campaign and at the Second Battle of Bull Run.

William D. Alexander vol. 1

William D. Alexander vol. 2

William D. Alexander (b. 1841), of Mecklenburg County, N.C., was a Confederate hospital steward who served with the 37th North Carolina Regiment. The collection is a two-volume diary, 30 April 1863-26 April 1865, of William D. Alexander covering the Gettysburg Campaign to the end of the war in Virginia, and a few passes and other military papers enclosed in the volumes. Entries describe fighting in Pennsylvania and in Virginia, especially around Petersburg.
 

William Daniel Thompson

Sgt. William Daniel Thompson, Co. I, 46th Tenn. Inf., CSA, kept this diary during the war. He volunteered in Nov. 1861 and was sent to Island No. 10. They were "surrendered up to the enemy" April 8, 1862. He was imprisoned at Camp Butler, Ill., then paroled at Vicksburg in Sept. 1862. He fought in Miss. and later at Missionary Ridge and the Atlanta Campaign. He lists soldiers in his company, and if they deserted or died.

William Andrew Stuck

Part of Gen. John Hunt Morgan's Confederate Kentucky cavalry command, Capt. William Andrew Stuck, Co. C, 8th Ky. Cav., CSA, kept this small, leather-bound diary during the Civil War. He fought at Ft. Donelson and escaped with Gen. Nathan B. Forrest.; He also fought at Shiloh. He was captured with Gen. John Hunt Morgan at the last "Great Raid" into Indiana and Ohio. He was sent to Johnson's Island prison camp, where he remained until his release in 1865.

Diary of entries of Lucius Dwight Hinkley: Tuesday, June 23rd, 1863 to Sunday, September 20th, 1863.

Diary entries of Lucius Dwight Hinkley: Sept 11 - 12, 1863

Lucius Dwight Hinkley miscellaneous letters and essays

Primarily Civil War papers of Lieutenant Hinkley, Waupun, Wisconsin, of the 10th Wisconsin Infantry Regiment, Company K, including correspondence relating to his company; a diary; letters to his family, some written from Libby Prison; and a number of essays written by Hinkley in his later years, recounting experiences at Libby Prison and prison escape attempts, a return to Gettysburg in 1888, and battle descriptions of Stone River, Chickamauga, and Chaplin Hills (Perryville).

Lucius Desha

The General Lucius Desha civil war diary documents Desha's time as a citizen prisoner of war in Camp Chase, Ohio. The diary describes the events leading up to his incarceration as well as his time in Camp Chase. Additionally, the diary contains a list of Harrison County men imprisoned in Camp Chase, a list of supplies obtained from the sutler, and a list of accounts for 1862.

Leroy Warren

Typewritten copy of Civil War diary kept by Leroy Warren (OC '58) of Company C, 7th Regiment, Ohio Infantry from August 24, 1861 through June 5, 1862. Leroy Warren's diary begins a few days before The Battle of Kessler's Cross Lanes in westeren Virginia and describes the battle and its aftermath. Warren blames the officers of the 7th Regiment, Ohio Infantry for the loss of the battle. He was captured a few days after the battle by Confederate scouts while breakfasting in the home of a civilian. He describes being held with other prisoners from the 7th Ohio in different holding pens as well as their forced march through various small Virginia towns to Richmond. In Richmond he was held in Atkinson's Tobacco Factory, a makeshift prison, and describes prison life there. After a few weeks Warren and his fellow prisoners from the 7th Ohio were transported by train to New Orleans Parish Prison in Louisiana. He makes note of all that he sees while passing through the Carolinas, Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi. Once in New Orleans Parish Prison he mentions their rations are better than what they were provided in Richmond. Warren also mentions that a few of the men from Company C of the 7th Ohio died of fever in the New Orleans prison. There is a lapse in his diary covering most of the month of December, 1861. By early 1862 he writes that he and his fellow prisoners will be exchanged shorlty. They travelled by train, under Confederate guard, towards another prison in North Carolina which they reached in February, 1862. Warren spent six weeks in the prison hospital and began writing again in May, 1862. He makes note that he sigend his parole papers on May 19th and left with other prisoners toward Union Army lines on May 31. His diary ends in June 1862 while aboard a steamer "Admiral" off of Hatteras, NC exclaiming how happy he is to be out of Confederate territory.

Lot Abraham diary, 1863

Lot Abraham diary, 1864

Diary details the wartime experiences of Lot Abraham, farmer and future Iowa state senator, who served in the 4th Iowa Cavalry during the Civil War.

Lorenzo Barker 1862-1863

Lorenzo Barker 1864

Lorenzo Barker 1865

1862-63 Diary of Lorenzo Barker: In this diary, Barker discusses daily life while stationed around Corinth Mississippi. In the diary he describes witnessing a deserter execution, bringing in Confederate prisoners, battle experiences, and general life at the camp. 1864 Diary of Lorenzo Barker: In this diary, Barker discusses daily life. 1865 Diary of Lorenzo Barker: In this diary, Barker discusses daily life, the capture of Confederate prisoners, and Sherman's March to the Sea. Military Service Note: Barker, Lorenzo A. (Veteran), Battle Creek. Enlisted in company D, Western Sharpshooters, Sept. 27, 1861, at Battle Creek, for 3 years, age 22. Mustered Nov. 9, 1861. Re-enlisted Dec. 23, 1863, at Pulaski, Tenn. Mustered Dec. 24, 1863. Promoted Sergeant. Wounded near Rome Cross Roads, Ga., May 16, 1864. Mustered out at Louisville, Ky., July 7, 1865.

Lewis C.F.C. Laesch Naval Diary

This is the Naval Diary of Naval Engineer Lewis C.F.C. Laesch, who served aboard the U.S.S. Pequot, during the first half of 1864, and kept a daily diary of activities, from January 1, 1864, until May 20, 1864. Lewis Laesch was born in the German State of Mecklenburg in 1844, immigrated to the United States with his father (Louis or Lewis, possibly originally Ludwig), settled in Philadelphia and was educated at Pennsylvania Polytechnic College. He joined the U.S. Navy at age 19, and was assigned to duty aboard the U.S.S. Pequot. The diary recounts his observations near Boston, Massachusetts, Portsmouth, Virginia and near the ports of Beaufort and Wilmington, North Carolina. A very bad sore on his left foot impeded him from certain duties, and his resignation from the Navy was accepted on May 24, 1864. The diary is a pocket diary, with leather covers, on ruled paper, covering three days per page. Closed it measures approximately 7” by 3.” At the beginning of the diary there is interest calculation information, the 1860 Census information showing the population of different states and territories, the moon phases for the year, information in regards to the solar eclipse that will take place in 1864 as well as information as to postage rates, and at the end there is a bills and accounts section with several account notations. A brief history of the USS Pequot, the USS Pequot was a wooden screw gunboat of the Union Navy. The ship launched on June 4, 1863 near the Boston Navy Yard; and commissioned on January 15, 1864, with Lt. Comdr. Stephen P. Quackenbush in command. The ship heralded its names from the Pequot Indian tribe from the Southern Connecticut area, members of the Algonquian language grouping. The Pequot departed Boston Harbor on 5 February and joined the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron. She captured the notorious British blockade runner the Don off Beaufort, North Carolina, on March 4, 1864, and helped the Army beat back a Confederate attack on Wilson's Wharf at James River, Virginia, on 24 May. Blockade duty occupied her time until she participated in the attacks on Fort Fisher which protected Wilmington, North Carolina, on February 24, 1864 and January 13, 1865, closing the last major Confederate port. After this victory she helped in the capture of Fort Anderson, North Carolina. With the end of the Civil War, the Pequot was decommissioned at the New York Navy Yard on June 3, 1865, and was sold in 1869.

Liberty Independence Nixon

This is the diary of Liberty Independence Nixon who was a resident of Limestone County, Alabama prior to the American Civil War. The evidence suggests that he was a soldier in the Confederate Army in Company E of the 50th Alabama Regiment, peace officer, school teacher, post master, and actively involved in Democratic Party politics. The diary contains recollections and reminiscences interspersed with events. Nixon was part of Company E, 50th Alabama Regiment which fought at Shiloh.

Lewis H. Kimbal

In 1865 Lewis H. Kimball (also known as Harvey H. Boyd) was living in Columbus, Indiana and working as a teacher when he enlisted in Company H of the 11th Indiana Regiment under the alias Lewis H. Kimball. Harvey H. Boyd was a former member of the Confederate Army who started his military career in 1861 and served in the Monroe (County) Guards of the 27th Virginia Regiment. He was captured in June 1862 and sent to prison at Fort Delaware, but was exchanged two months later resumed serving in the Confederate Army. When he was injured in May 1863, he left the Confederate Army and eventually ended up living in Columbus, Indiana. His 1865 diary describes the overcrowding of military camps, learning of the South's surrender, mourning the loss of President Lincoln, and returning home from the war. After returning from military service, he resumed using the name Harvey Boyd. Kimball [Boyd] had the unique experience of serving in both the Confederate and Union Armies.

John W. Finch Diary

The collection is a diary, with entries 22 March-30 August 1865, of soldier John W. Finch of Burchville, Mich., serving in the Union Army with the 22nd Michigan Infantry Regiment and the 29th Michigan Infantry Regiment during the Civil War. The diary begins with the day of mustering, 22 March 1865, and ends 30 August 1865, a few days after he was honorably discharged from the army and returned to Michigan. The diary was updated daily with entries varying in length from a few lines to a page. Finch never saw battle, so the entries consist of descriptions of military life in camps. He included many descriptions of meals, medical treatments for various ailments, and prices. The diary is reversed for the last ten pages and includes financial information.

John W. Chambers

The diary contains brief entries detailing his experiences in camp, on marches, and at battle, as well as entries made while in the regimental hospital. The final entries recording Chambers' illness and death are written in a different hand. The memoranda pages at the back of the diary include a note about his enlistment and other men who enlisted at the same time. Also at the back of the diary are notes about expenses. John W. Chambers (1840-1863) was born in Guyandotte, Ohio and later moved to Burlington, Iowa. He served as a private in Company E, 15th Regiment, Iowa Infantry from 1862 to 1863. The regiment was stationed in Memphis, Tennessee, and later in Louisiana and Mississippi, and they took part in the siege of Vicksburg. The regiment also worked on the digging of a canal to connect Lake Providence, Louisiana, and the Mississippi River. Chambers was taken sick with typhoid fever in July 1863 and remained in the regimental hospital until early August. He became ill again at the end of August and was taken to Lawson Hospital in St. Louis, Missouri. He died of typhoid fever in a hospital in St. Louis on 21 September 1863. He is buried in Jagger Cemetery, Danville Township, Iowa. Blank pages not included here.

John W. Bell

Pocket diary covering January to June 1864 describes service aboard the U.S.S. General Pillow (gunboat), Mississippi Squadron.

John Ridley Buford

This document is the diary of John Ridley Buford that he carried with him during his service in the Civil War. The final pages include his immigration to Brazil. John Ridley Buford was a resident of Eufaula, Alabama. He enlisted in April 1862, at Eufaula, Alabama and was appointed Sergeant in Captain Reuben Koulb's Battery of the Barbour Alabama Light Artillery. He was transferred on November 6, 1864, with the rank of private to the Eufaula Battery of Alabama Light Artillery. He was in St. Mary's Hospital at Union Springs, Alabama from September 29, 1864, until November 6, 1864. Buford took part in the battles of Kentucky Campaign, Hood's Tennessee Campaign, and Chickamauga, and was paroled at Meridian, Mississippi, on May 10, 1865. At his parole, he listed his residence as Eufaula. In late February of 1867, Buford moved to Santa Barbara, Brazil where he farmed tobacco.

John R. Maybury

This collection contains the Civil War diary of Corporal John R. Maybury of Company L, 10th New York Cavalry. The first entry in the diary (January 1, 1864) finds Maybury encamped in northern Virginia and describing routines of camp life (drilling, washing clothes, policing quarters, buying goods from the sutler, picket and forage duty, drawing a new uniform, inspection, building quarters). The weather conditions are noted on a daily basis. In March, contacts with civilians and enemy combatants grow more frequent, with references to taking prisoners (soldiers, a lady spy and bushwackers) and denying passage through the lines. Maybury makes occasional reference to camp rumors, such as a supposed sighting of Stuart's cavalry and the taking of Richmond by Kirkpatrick. In May, the regiment sees more action, with Maybury noting the capture and burning of Virginia Central Railroad supply trains at Beaver Dam Station, the capture of guns at Ashland, heavy fighting near Richmond, and a description of action at the Battle of Haw's Shop. For the next several months, Maybury alludes to frequent skirmishes and battles with the Confederates. In the fall, Maybury's entries revert to camp activities and routines (including mention of an inspection by generals Meade and Gregg), with less frequent references to engagements with the enemy. The diary ends with Maybury traveling to the hospital, following the wound he had sustained the previous day. At the end of the diary are a few notes made by Maybury on the clothing he had drawn in service and the pension had had drawn afterward.

John Overton Casler

Four years in the Stonewall brigade: containing the daily experiences of four year's service in the ranks from a diary kept at the time; a truthful record of the battles and skirmishes, advances, retreats and maneuvers of the army.

John Milton Bancroft, Diary/Scrapbook

This document is the original diary book of Bancroft’s handwritten comments, which he later turned into a scrapbook by adding various items. Some of the included items are photographs, newspaper clippings, drawings, cards, illustrations taken from various sources, etc. Bancroft’s unit was involved in a large number of battles and campaigns including the battles of Antietam, Chancellorsville, Fredericksburg, Gettysburg, Malvern Hill, and Seven Days. Edited typescript published as "Notes--1861-1864: Army Life During the Rebellion with the Army of the Potomac, 5th Corps, 1st Division, 2nd Brigade, 4th Michigan Infantry" n.p., n.d

John Morrison

John H. Morrison served as a musician in the 49th Pennsylvania Volunteers Regimental Band in 1862. This diary describes band activities, military actions, and daily weather during his service in the Civil War from January to August 1862.

John Holliday Diaries and Photographs, 1864-1865

Holliday's diaries, the first covering 1 May through 8 August 1864 and the second covering 1 September 1864 through 4 July 1865, begin with the regiment's entry into Virginia's New River Valley and conclude with his return to Ohio at the conclusion of the war. Holliday includes information on his participation in action in and around the New River Valley, including the battles of Cloyd's Mountain and New River Bridge. The collection also includes four photographs, believed to be of Holliday, and one of his wife. Two of the images have locks of hair under the glass and several have hand-painted details added.

Otis Dean

This collection contains the diary of Otis Dean, a private in Company E, 56th Massachusetts Infantry during the Civil War. The diary entries begin with January 4, 1865, with Dean listing the uniform and materials issued to him in camp. In very concise entries, Dean describes mostly routine personal and unit activities (making particularly careful note of the clothing and equipment issued to him), but he also mentions battles at North Anna River and Peebles' Farm; an inspection by generals Grant and Burnside; prices of various goods, and the names of comrades killed, wounded and captured. The diary's entries conclude with June 13, 1865: "I washed my shirt." Otis Dean, a private in Company E, 56th Massachusetts Infantry during the Civil War, was born on March 1, 1821 at Raynham, Massachusetts, the son of Chandler Robbins Dean and Abigail [Bissn?]. Dean married Augusta Dunbar (born October 1826) on January 4, 1848. By 1850, the Deans were living in Foxborough Massachusetts, where Otis Dean was employed as a boot-maker. Dean enlisted in the Union Army as a private on December 30, 1863 and was mustered into Company E of the 56th Massachusetts on January 12, 1864. Wounded in battle at Peebles' Farm (September 30), Dean was captured by Confederate forces and held at Richmond. Paroled on October 8, 1864, Dean entered an army hospital at Annapolis, Maryland. He was granted a furlough later that month and spent several weeks recuperating at home and in the hospital at Readville, Massachusetts. After spending several additional weeks in hospitals at Annapolis and Germantown, Pennsylvania, Dean rejoined his regiment on March 20, 1865 and was discharged on June 15, 1865.

Noah Hart 

Handwritten copy of diary of Captain Noah Hart of the 10th Michigan Infantry. Diary starts in February, 1864 with the battle of Buzzard's Roost and the beginning of the Atlanta Campaign. Hart described marches, skirmishes and battles as his Regiment traveled with General Sherman to Atlanta. Hart was home on furlough in March, 1864. Diary ends in July, 1864 after the battle of Kennesaw Mountain. Diary was copied by Annia Hart, Noah's granddaughter-in-law. At end, Annia added "Note - the diary ends here. It is to be presumed that the next week or two was a continuation of the weeks he last recorded. The battle of Peachtree Creek occurred late in the month of July, and Captain Hart was sunstruck during that battle.. " At end of another copy of the diary, Annia wrote "I do not have the original... diary... Perhaps the originals disintegrated under handling thru the years, or were lost, or turned into the government when Capt. Hart in his old age applied for some sort of pension, or reimbursement, as evidence of war-induced disability."

Nathaniel C. Wilson

Nathaniel C. Wilson Civil War Letter and Diary, 1863.  One letter, March 1863, discussing activities of his unit on the march in North Carolina; discusses supplies, food, surrounding countryside. Also diary [fragment, some pages missing] kept by Wilson during the Gettysburg Campaign, covering period 25 June through 3 July. Wilson was killed in action on July 3. These items are part of the Nathaniel C. Wilson Papers.

Nelson Stauffer

Nelson Stauffer enlisted in Co. A, 63rd Regiment, Illinois Infantry during the US Civil War. He kept a diary from 1862-1865. In it, he writes of his enlistment, training, troop movements, interactions with other soldiers, daily work assignments, patrolling, and a brief illness. He also describes the actions of some African-Americans he encountered while marching in the South, battlefield conditions, and the burning of Columbia, South Carolina.

Merritt Hager Smith

The Civil War diary of Private Merritt Hager Smith of Company G, 97th New York Infantry, a member of the regimental band. The diary entries span the entire year of 1863. The first entry finds Smith receiving orders to proceed to Belle Plain Landing, Virginia to assist Lt. Louis Rowan, the regiment's quartermaster. Smith describes his work, the relative comfort in which he lives, recreation, the weather, homesickness, prayer meetings, sutlers, and makes many references to frequent and excessive drinking by various officers. Smith mentions attending Lincoln's grand review of the 1st Army Corps on April 9. Later that month, the regiment began marching northwestward, frequently changing camp, and Smith writes of the difficulty in marching and the conditions of the various camps. On July 1, the regiment arrived in the Gettysburg, Pennsylvania area. Smith describes the area, provides a brief synopsis of the news he has heard from the battle and mentions speaking with a group of Confederate prisoners. As the army again moves to camps southeastward, Smith notes the many towns and villages through which they pass. 

James F. Elliott diary, 1861-1862

James F. Elliott diary, 1862-1863

A private in Company I, 8th Indiana Infantry, Elliott writes in his diary from August 16, 1862 to May 17, 1863. He records his activities in camp, the company's travels, and the skirmishes and battles in which he fought in Missouri, Louisiana, and Mississippi.

Horace Barlow

Time Period Covered: August 18, 1862 - July 10, 1863 Horace Barlow was born on May 30, 1842. Barlow graduated from the University of Vermont in 1862 and was a member of the Sigma Phi Society. On August 18th, 1862, Barlow enlisted in Company C of the 12th Regiment of the Vermont Volunteer Militia. While in Burlington, Vermont, he enlisted and then travelled south through Brattleboro, New Haven, Jersey City, Philidelphia, and Baltimore before arriving in Washington, D.C. Barlow's diary includes entries from his journey as well as his time spent at: Camp Seward; Hunting Creek Bridge; Camp Vermont; Fairfax, Virginia; W.R. Shoals; Rappahannock Station; Bristow Station; Union Mills; Wolf Run Shoals; as well as his return journey to Vermont. Barlow died on December 31, 1935 in Hudson, Wisconsin.

James McCulloch

James McCulloch diary, 1862 August - 1863 April. The collection consists of a Civil War diary written by James McCulloch. The original is in fragile condition and contains pencil writing which is faded. A typed transcript is included, which covers the days from August 1862 to April 1863. Like many Civil War soldiers, James McCulloch discusses troop movements, the weather, the food and water rations, and his health and feelings in his diary. He also comments on fighting and scavanging. Several different moments are of remarkable interest: his many encounters with secessionists; his finding a dying man and moving him to a road to be buried; his scavenging of the diary and other materials; his frequent sickness and experience of the Army's medical services; his encounter with a battlefield near Richmond, KY, and wounded, dead, and recently buried men; accidental shootings amongst the Confederates; and his return to the 34th and participation in the Vicksburg Campaign.

James Miles

The Civil War diary of James Miles, an enlisted soldier in the 185th Regiment of the New York Infantry. The diary describes soldier life and spans from January to March 1865 until the author was killed in action. Entries include descriptions of battles and the deaths of soldiers by snipers. Miles' short entries relate the physical and emotional difficulties of being a soldier as evidenced by an entry about a fellow soldier who had deserted, 'supposed to shoot him but didn't have it in me'. The last entry is on the day before Miles was killed in action which was ten days before the end of the war. James Miles enlisted with Company K of the 185th Regiment, New York Infantry at Syracuse, New York on September 3, 1864. The 185th regiment was organized at Syracuse, New York and Company K was mustered in September 21, 1864. The regiment left for Petersburg, Virginia on September 27, 1864 and was attached to the 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 5th Army corps of the Army of the Potomac until May of 1865. During the term of service, the regiment lost 59 soldiers by death from wounds and 39 enlisted men by death from diseases. Miles was killed in action on March 29, 1865.

Francis W. Knowles

Diary of Francis W. Knowles, Company "B", 36th Mass. Vols. in the War of the Rebellion, 1862 to 1865. Rewritten in the years 1885-86 and illustrated with maps, sketches etc. 190 p. A diary scrapbook (1862-1865) written by Private Knowles while serving in Company B of the 36th Massachusetts Volunteers. The diary records the activities of Knowles, who was mainly a clerk, as he participated with the IX Corps at Fredericksburg (December, 1862), in the District of Indiana and Michigan (June-September, 1863), the Knoxville Campaign (November-December, 1863), the Wilderness campaign (May, 1864), the Spotsylvania Courthouse campaign (May, 1864), at Cold Harbor (June 3-4, 1864), and in the Petersburg campaign (June, 1864-April, 1865). Entries of interest include a description of camp life at Camp Wool in Massachusetts (August, 1862), the activities of the Confederate raider John Morgan in Ohio, Kentucky, and Indiana (June-July, 1863), and the activities of the Knights of the Golden Circle in Kentucky (September-November, 1863). Also included are a report by General Edwin V. Sumner of the Battle of Fredericksburg in which he commanded the Right Grand Division, a newspaper clipping entitled "The last night of Fredericksburg" by Joshua L. Chamberlain, autographs of Ambrose B. Burnside, Lewis Richmond, and John G. Parke, maps of the various campaigns in which Knowles participated, battlefield sketches, and field orders. Knowles was mustered out of the army in June of 1865.

Francis Mohrhardt

Major Francis Mohrhardt's maps (and diary) of the Tullahoma Campaign (1863). Field notes and hand-drawn pencil maps of Francis Mohrhardt, a Union major and topographical engineer in Gen. William Rosecrans' Army of the Cumberland, attached to the staff of Gen. Philip Sheridan, include numerous pencil-drawn maps of this army's 1863 summer campaign from Murfreesboro to Chattanooga, Tenn., otherwise known as the Tullahoma Campaign. A large series of 30+ maps, which show in detail the road taken by the army from its encampment near Murfreesboro to its crossing of the Tennessee River near Bridgeport, Alabama and its eventual arrival in Chattanooga. Different plates depict the Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad line, bridges and ferries, forts and breastworks, homes and structures along the road, Tullahoma, the University at Sewanee, Cowan Station, distances between towns, and topographical features. Notes and the maps are presented in original order, which in general are reverse order from Alabama northward.

Cyrena Bailey Stone diary, 1864

Cyrena Bailey Stone diary, 1864  - transcript

The collection consists of a diary of Cyrena Bailey Stone written from January - July, 1864. The diary includes descriptive accounts of life in the South during the Civil War, slaves reaction to the Emancipation Proclamation and the probable fall of the Confederacy, prices for food and clothing, visits to prisons and hospitals, preparations of fortifications, shellings and cannonadings, falsified reports in Southern newspapers, diatribes towards leaders of the Confederacy especially Howell Cobb and Jefferson Davis, the fall of towns such as Tunnel Hill, Dalton, and Resaca (Ga.), and the evacuation of Atlanta.

Daniel A. Lowber

The Civil War diary of Captain Daniel A. Lowber of Company A, 37th Wisconsin Infantry. The diary entries commence with July 25, 1864, with Lowber apparently in transit to his regiment after a temporary furlough. He joins the regiment the day after the Battle of the Crater and takes command on August 1, noting that his new command has only 18 men fit for duty. In daily entries spanning the next five months, Lowber mentions frequent picket and fatigue duty and notes his routine administrative duties as well. He also mentions trading papers with a Confederate soldier between the lines, his living quarters, church services, news of Sheridan's victories in the Shenandoah Valley, the regiment's tally in the 1864 presidential election, and Thanksgiving. Lowber also describes actions during several battles, including perhaps most significantly the Battle of Peeble's Farm. The diary entries cease with December 31, 1864.

Eliza Andrews - The war-time journal of a Georgia girl, 1864-1865

Eliza Andrews' diary is more cogent than any novel about the Civil War. General Sherman laid a track, and ELiza had to follow his footsteps through Georgia. Her insights into war and the havoc it wrought in the South are accompanied by her own editorial comments forty-four years later.

Diary of George Benton Arnold dated 1863

Diary of George Benton Arnold dated 1864

Diary of George Benton Arnold dated 1865

Diary of George Benton Arnold dated 1863. In this diary, he describes the movements of his regiment, chores, finances, deserters (March 28), religion, books, the weather, a slave auction (May 4), burning railroad stations and cotton (July 18), The Battle of Fredericksburg (November 16-19), African Americans (November 17), and skirmishes.

Diary of George Benton Arnold dated 1864. In this diary, he discusses the status of his regiment, deserters (January 25, February 29, March 1), African Americans (April 8, July 25), skirmishes, Battle of the Wilderness (May 5-7), Battle of Spottsylvania Courthouse (May 8-21), Battle of Totopotomoy Creek (May 29-31), Battle of Cold Harbor (June 1-12), Siege of Petersburg, Battle of the Crater (July 30), Battle of Globe Tavern (August 18-21), Battle of Peebles Farm (September 30-October 2), and the Battle of Hatcher's Run (October 27-28).

Diary of George Benton Arnold dated 1865. In this diary, he describes the weather, skirmishes, Battle of Fort Steadman (March 25), the Capture of Petersburg (April 2), the capture of General Lee, the assassination of President Lincoln, and his discharge.

Military Service Note: Arnold, George B. Dexter. Enlisted in company D, Twentieth Infantry, Aug. 9, 1862, at Dexter, for 3 years, age 21. Mustered Aug. 18, 1862. Corporal June 2, 1864. Sergeant June 6, 1864. First Sergeant Nov. 1, 1864. Sergeant Major Feb. 4, 1865. Commissioned Second Lieutenant, company D, May 17, 1865. Commissioned First Lieutenant and Adjutant to rank from March 11, 1865. Mustered out and honorably discharged at DeLaney House, D.C., May 30, 1865.

A.J. McRoberts

Primarily letters written by A.J. McRoberts to his wife Mollie during the Civil War, and her replies. McRoberts was a Union sympathizer living in Saline County, MO. His wife had returned to her family in Ohio. They describe conditions in their respective locales. Other letters discuss family affairs.

Adam S. Johnston

The Soldier Boy's Diary Book; or, Memorandums of the alphabetical first lessons of military tactics. Kept by Adam S. Johnston, from September 14, 1861, to October 2, 1864 (1866)

Addison Bell

Dr. Addison A. Bell was born in Elbert County, Georgia. He was educated at Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia and later completed post-graduate work at the New York Medical University. During the Civil War he acted as surgeon in the Confederate hospital in Augusta.

Amos Guthrie

Amos Guthrie diary, 1864. This collection consists of diaries, an account book, images, and a letter by Asbury L. Stephens of the 81st Ohio Infantry. The content mostly covers the Civil War during 1864-1865.

Calvin Leach Diary, 1861-1863  vol. 1

Calvin Leach Diary, 1861-1863  vol. 2

Calvin Leach Diary, 1861-1863  vol. 3

Calvin Leach Letters, 1863-1867

Calvin Leach Diary and Letters, 1861-1867. Calvin Leach was born in 1843 and served as a church clerk in Montgomery County, N.C., before he joined the first North Carolina Infantry Regiment, Confederate States of America, in September 1861. He died near Mechanicsville, Va., in June 1864. The collection includes Calvin Leach's pocket diary, 1861-1864, and five letters, 1863-1867. Note that the first entry in the second volume of the diary is marked 1862 and subsequent entries are marked 1863. Contents indicate, however, that the correct date is 1862 throughout. Most of the diary entries recount daily life in the army and record military activities in Virginia and Maryland, especially at Malvern Hill and Antietam. The first four letters were written by Leach to his mother and his sister Louisa and relate his living conditions and news of other men from his hometown. The 1867 letter was to Leach's father, D.A. Leach, from William Owens and concerns land appraisal.
 

George A. Brooks Diary, 1862

The collection consists of a detailed diary, 1 January-6 August 1862, of Captain Brooks, 46th Pennsylvania Regiment, while he was serving in Maryland and the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia during General Stonewall Jackson's Valley Campaign. Brooks noted weather, his reading, camp life, plans and speculations, marches and movements, drills and inspections, news of Jackson's movements, his own paperwork, characteristics of areas he passed through, and events among soldiers. A few accounts and memoranda are included.

Benjamin Henry Pope

The journal includes entries from Benjamin Henry Pope in 1862 as he serves in Company K, 9th Mississippi Infantry, and provides details of battles in the Glasgow/Cave City/Munfordville, Kentucky area and his opinion that General Chalmers made errors and poor decisions.

C.W. Gerard

A Diary -The Eighty-third Ohio Volunteer Infantry in the War, 1862-1865.

California Civil War diary of an Unknown Soldier, 1862-1863

This diary belonged to an unknown soldier in Company C, 4th Infantry, California Volunteer Regiment, who was assigned to a detail guarding a wagon train carrying specie to the east.

Richard Lewis

Camp Life of a Confederate Boy, of Bratton's Brigade, Longstreet's Corps, C. S. A. : Letters Written by Lieut. Richard Lewis, of Walker's Regiment, to His Mother, During the War; Facts and Inspirations of Camp Life, Marches, &c.

Charles A. Canavella

Confederate diary of Charles A. Canavella, Co. E. 3d., Alabama Infantry, 1861-1864. This diary tells of the battle of the Merrimac fought on March 8th and 9th, 1862.

Charles O. Poland

This is the diary of Charles O. Poland, a private in Company B, 142nd Ohio Infantry (National Guard) during the Civil War. The 142nd Ohio National Guard was organized at Camp Chase, Ohio and mustered into service for 100 days on May 12, 1864. On May 14, the regiment proceeded to Martinsburg, West Virginia, where it drilled until May 19, when ordered to Fort Lyon, Virginia, from which it served guard duty in the Washington D. C. area. On June 5, the regiment was ordered to the front and arrived on June 9 at White House Landing, Virginia, where it was dispatched to guard a supply train through the Wilderness to Cold Harbor. From there, the 142nd proceeded to Point of Rocks, about five miles from Petersburg, Virginia. The regiment participated in the early siege of Petersburg through August 19, when it was ordered back to Washington, D.C., thence to Camp Chase, where it was mustered out on September 2, 1864. The diary's entries commence on June 15, 1864, with Knox already in the rifle pits before Petersburg. He writes of being detailed to destroy Confederate breastworks, erect fortifications, and fell trees as battles raged nearby. Elsewhere he mentions having seen generals Grant and Burnside, the gunboats on the James River, the discovery of a cache of buried silver and gold by a New York regiment while hunting for fishing worms, and the trading of hardtack for tobacco between the lines. Throughout the diary, Poland notes many days on picket, and the state of the fighting around Petersburg. On July 20, Poland developed a fever, and the final four entries, concluding with July 31, are devoted to the condition of his health.

Charles W. Boyce

A brief history of the Twenty-eighth regiment New York state volunteers, First brigade, First division, Twelfth corps, Army of the Potomac, from the author's diary and official reports. With the muster-roll of the regiment, and many pictures, articles and letters from surviving members and friends, with the report of proceedings of the thirty-fifth annual reunion held at Albion, New York, May 22, 1896. [By] C. W. Boyce.

Charles W. Chapman

Charles W. Chapman was a farmer from Grandview, Iowa. He served as a private in Company F of the 19th Infantry Regiment of Iowa Volunteers. [N.B.: the regiment number written on Chapman's diary is the 15th Infantry; however, it appears that he was actually in the 19th Infantry.] This is a handwritten pencil diary, detailing Chapman's daily life in the military.

Charles W. Hadley

Diary kept by Charles Whipple Hadley (1844-1936), of Anamosa, Iowa. At age 17, Hadley left Anamosa to enlist in the Union army during the American Civil War. He traveled south to Davenport, where he became a member of the 14th Iowa Regiment of Volunteer Company H. Hadley's regiment was based in St. Louis at Benton Barracks. Serving from 1861 to 1863, Hadley commanded his own company, spent six months as a prisoner of war, and was probably wounded in battle. In 1863, he returned to Anamosa to live with his family, where he continued writing in his diary until 1864. He spent many years in Ogden City, Utah, where he died in 1936.

Charles Wood

Charles Wood diary, 1857-1869. The collection consists of a diary of Charles Wood from 1857-1861, 1863. Early entries relate to his activities as a law student and his political views. Entries in 1861 describe his journey from Richmond (Va.) to Tallahassee (Fla.) after being assigned as aide-de-camp to General John B. Grayson, who was Commander of the Dept. of East Florida. Wood describes the various towns he traveled through and upon arriving in Tallahassee, the illness and death of General Grayson. In 1863, he wrote a short entry discussing the war's impact on his personal philosophy. The volume also contains personal financial accounts from 1868-1869.

Cyrus  Bacon 1861-1863 diary

Cyrus  Bacon 1861-1863 diary transcript

In this diary, Bacon describes daily life in the Seventh Michigan Infantry. He gives vivid accounts of Yorktown, Fair Oaks, White Oak Swamp, Antietam, and Gettysburg.
Military Service Note :  Entered service in Seventh Infantry, at organization, as Assistant Surgeon, Aug. 16, 1861, age 24. Commissioned Aug. 16, 1861. Mustered Aug. 22, 1861. Resigned May 6, 1862. Assistant Surgeon U.S.A., April 16, 1862. Brevet Major March 12, 1864. Died near Springfield, Ill., Sept. 1, 1868 while en route home.

Cyrus F. Jenkins

Cyrus F. Jenkins Civil War diary, 1861-1862. The Cyrus F. Jenkins Civil War Diary, 1861-1862, held at the Troup County Archives, chronicles Cyrus Franklin Jenkins' experiences as an enlisted man in the Meriwether Volunteers, Company B, 13th Georgia Infantry Regiment, during the first year of the war, June 1861 to March 1862. Jenkins vividly describes the early euphoria of the war and the regiment's campaigns in western Virginia (now West Virginia) as part of Floyd's Brigade and in Savannah in Lawton's Brigade. The regiment took part in skirmishes at Sewell Mountain, Laurel Hill, and Whitemarsh Island. While traveling, Jenkins also remarks on the changing scenery he encounters. Additionally, his account of camp life highlights the medical care available to Confederate soldiers at this stage in the war. Jenkins was killed at Spotsylvania, Virginia, on May 12, 1864..

Cyrus Thomas Diary, 1862

Cyrus Thomas Diary transcript,1862

Handwritten Civil War diary, soft cover, pocket sized, scanned and transcribed .

D. H. Hill Papers, 1848-1865

D. H. Hill Papers, 1866-1869

D. H. Hill Papers, 1879-1951 and undated

The collection consists of Civil War and postwar correspondence of General D. H. Hill with high Confederate military and civil officers, with some letters from Robert Lewis Dabney (1820-1890), Virginia theologian and Confederate chaplain. There are also notes by Charles W. Dabney, who assembled the items, circa 1929-1931. Persons represented include Rufus Barringer, P. G. T. Beauregard, John C. Calhoun, Robert Hall Chilton, Robert Lewis Dabney, Jubal A. Early, William A. Graham, Wade Hampton III, Stonewall Jackson, Joseph E. Johnston, Washington Caruthers Kerr, Drury Lacy, James Henry Lane, Alexander Robert Lawton, Robert E. Lee, James Longstreet, Alexander Peter Stewart, Robert Augustus Toombs, Joseph Wheeler, and William Henry Chase Whiting. Also included is a Hill family genealogy and a few other items. Some items are originals and others are photocopies.

D. W. Nelson

Civil War  Diary of D. W. Nelson.

Daniel Hoge Bruce

Diary of Capt. Daniel Hoge Bruce, Co. A, 51st Va. Inf. Regt., CSA. Bruce was captured at Waynesborough by Sheridan's cavalry on March 2, 1865 and sent to Fort Delaware Prison. The diary contains song lyrics, poems, autographs from fellow soldiers, and details on his capture, imprisonment, and subsequent return home after the end of the war.

David J. Minto

Civil War Diary written by David J. Minto of the Ninety-Sixth Regiment  Illinois Volunteer Infantry, for the year 1866.

David Lane

A Soldier's Diary - the Story of a Volunteer, 1862-1865.

W.L. Judson

Judson writes brief daily entries spanning from Jan. 1 to Dec. 31 of 1862, a year he spent as a bugle player in a Civil War military band. He mentions the weather; his health; letters received and written. He talks about the movements of his unit through Kentucky and Tennessee; the time of day he played the Reveille; the food they are eating; and mentions deaths in the cavalry. He mentions various sources of entertainment: several visits to the theater; sketching; preaching; swimming and exploring the landscape. Many entries are accompanied by small sketches, primarily of people.

Walter R. Collins Diary vol. 1

Walter R. Collins Diary vol. 2

Walter R. Collins Diary vol. 3

Walter R. Collins Diary Pocket Diary 1863

Walter R. Collins served as a sergeant in Company M, 100th Pennsylvania Volunteers, during the American Civil War. This collection contains three diaries that detail battles, troop movements, exchanges with Confederates while on picket, and notes the deaths of comrades.

Diary of Lieutenant Adam B. Smith, March 11-July 4, 1863

Diary of Lieutenant Adam B. Smith, March 11-July 4, 1863.  Describes operations along the Tallahatchie River in Mississippi and around Helena, including descriptions of engagements with rebel forces and gunboat operations. Diary is concluded with a note written by John G. Hudson relating the death of Smith on July 4, 1863, at Helena.

Ivy W. Duggan diary, 1861-1864

The collection consists of several types of materials-- transcripts of letters, articles, poems, and obituaries written by Duggan from 1861-1864. while serving in the Confederate Army.

J. E. Whitehorne

The collection includes a typed transcription of the diary, 30 March-22 April 1865, of Sergeant J. E. Whitehorne, describing in detail the retreat from Chesterfield County to Appomattox, the Confederate surrender, and Whitehorne's trip home to Greensville County, Va. Whitehorne's feelings and personal reactions are reflected in his account. This transcription was prepared and edited by W. H. T. Squires of Norfolk, Va., in 1939.

William A. Reid

This is the diary of William A. Reid who served in Company F, 39th Wisconsin Infantry during the Civil War. He was initially was stationed at Camp Washburn in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. The diary covers the time period from May 13, 1864 to September 25, 1864.

William Branson

William Branson was a member of an Iowa regiment during the campaign of 1861 in Missouri. He fought in the Battle of Wilson’s creek, 10 August 1861.

William Bishop

William Bishop , Papers, 1839-1891.  Papers of a commander of a Union cavalry unit in northeast Missouri during the Civil War, and State Treasurer of Missouri following the war. The papers consist of personal and military correspondence and miscellaneous documents, and State Treasurer records.

Thomas S. Rogers

This is the 41 page diary of Thomas S. Rogers who served with Company E, 26th Ohio Infantry during the Civil War. The diary covers January 1 to May 6, 1865.

S.H. Walkup, Diary, 1 April 1862 - 29 March 1865 (typed transcription)

S.H. Walkup, Original letters, 1860-1864


Samuel Hoey Walkup was a colonel of the 48th North Carolina Infantry Regiment, Confederate States of America. The collection contains miscellaneous papers, including the Civil War diary of S.H. Walkup while stationed in Virginia and eastern North Carolina; and letters written home from the front. The diary describes the formation of the 48th North Carolina Infantry Regiment and its participation in the Peninsula Campaign, the battles of Bull Run, Antietam, and Fredericksburg, and the siege of Petersburg.

Philip Van Buskirk

This diary chronicles events from 1863 to the later part of 1865 during the American Civil War. Van Buskirk served as a Confederate infantryman and later deserted. An earlier volume detailing events from 1861 to 1862 was taken from him when he was captured by Union forces. Some attempts were made by him to reconstruct those years when he transcribed his smaller journals into this larger format in the 1890s. He enlisted in the 13th Virginia Infantry in June of 1861 and was stationed at Camp Walker near Manassas, Virginia. He deserted in 1862 and wrote in his diary that he had made an "escape from his regiment" most likely because he failed to gain a commission. Captured shortly thereafter by Union forces he was sent to Camp Chase military prison in Ohio. Released during a prisoner exchange later that year he wandered northward chronicling the everyday face of civilians caught in the warfare that surrounded them. In particular he documents the wartime activities and struggle for survival in the region of the upper Shenandoah Valley. Throughout this period he describes the conditions of the towns and countryside, his own attempts at employment and records the sentiments of the people he encounters. After the Civil War ended in 1865, Van Buskirk, despondent and often unemployed, returned to Washington D.C. to reenlist in the U.S. Marine Corps. In one of his last entries in his journal for 1865 he exclaims "1865 is gone. My God! What memories crowd it! It has passed over me like an ugly dream".

Michael Dougherty

Prison diary of Michael Dougherty.   Late Co. B, 13th., Po., Cavalry. While confined in Pemberton, Barrett's, Libby, Andersonville and other Southern Prisons.
Sale Survivor of 127 of his Regiment Captured the Same Time, 122 Dying in Andersonville.

Richard Colburn

The Civil War diary of Richard Colburn, an enlisted soldier of the 12th Infantry of the United States Regular Army attached to the Army of the Potomac. The diary contains entries from December 18, 1861 to February 17, 1863 and details camp life, daily activities, battles, and experience as a prisoner of the Confederate army. It traces Colburn's first days in the army in Iowa and his travel from 14 February 1862 when he left Iowa to his arrival at Fort Hamilton in New York City two days later and his continuing journey to Washington DC. Upon arrival in Washington, Colburn notes that he "put in to help cook." Many of his subsequent entries include brief notations of cooking for the men. Expecting to march to Manassas Junction from Washington, he moved first to Camp California, just outside Alexandria, VA, and from there to Fort Monroe in late March 1862. The 12th Infantry, marching from Fort Monroe, became involved in the Peninsula Campaign, which lasted into July 1862. Coburn refers to "the hard battle between Yorktown and Richmond" (Battle of Williamsburg) on May 5th and makes reference to Big Bethel and Camp Winfield Scott where he was camped. On Friday 27 June 1862, Coburn was engaged in the Battle of Gaines' Mill and writes, "marched off to the left where we had a heavy battle where Maj. Clitz [Henry Boynton Cliz] myself and several others were wounded and taken prisoner by the 5th regiment Va, with some that was not wounded, many killed." The remainder of the diary describes his time in hospital, both Confederate and Union, his eventual release on 15 January 1863, and his trip home. Colburn's last entry is dated 17 February 1863 when he was in Southington, Ohio visiting his sister on his way, presumably, to Iowa.

Robert A. Boyd

Robert A. Boyd Diary – Notebook. One volume notebook, ca. 45 pages, containing miscellaneous personal notes (Dec. 1864-April 1865) and brief diary entries (January 1; April 3-13, 1865). Diary portion covers activities of the 1st Engineers Regiment during the last few days of the war; mentions surrender at Appomattox and includes pencil sketch of surrender site. Notes concern supplies, furloughs and desertions, guard rosters; also maxims and quotations from books.

Richard H. Adams

Richard H. Adams, Jr. b. 1841 at "Altwood", Marengo County, Alabama; served as officer during Civil War with 5th Alabama Infantry Regiment and in Engineer Corps on General Wheeler's staff, captured near Nashville; prisoner of war Sept. 1863-June 1865, one of "immortal 600"; engineer after war; d. 1896 at Radford, Virginia.

Richard G. Woodson

Richard Goodrich Woodson Papers, 1862-1865.  This collection consists of correspondence, orders, and miscellaneous military papers of Richard G. Woodson, of Pike County, Missouri, colonel of the 3rd Missouri State Militia Cavalry (New). The papers concern the administration of the post at Pilot Knob, Missouri, and the activities of the 3rd Missouri State Militia Cavalry.

Robert Bingham Diary, Volume 1 June-October 1863

Robert Bingham Diary, Volume 1 June-October 1863 (Transcription)

A diary Robert Bingham kept, 1863-1864, while he was a prisoner at Norfolk, Va., Fort Delaware, Johnson's Island, Ohio, and Point Lookout, Md.; and a letter, 14 March 1923, from him to his granddaughter, Henrietta Bingham, describing his Civil War experiences in Virginia, his capture, and his imprisonment. The diary, marked "intended only for my wife," records thoughts Bingham hesitated to put into letters to his wife. The diary describes prison life, including quarters, gambling, work, escape plots, sermons, food, illness, and hospitals at various prison camps. Included are descriptions of the trip from Johnson's Island to Point Lookout; of Bingham's work making chairs and gold and silver rings, needles, and buttons; of his exchange of books with other inmates and guards; and of rumors, including rumors of cessation of prison exchanges, return of North Carolina to the Union, and Confederate privates signing oaths of allegiance.

Robert McAfee

Diary of Robert McAfee dating from May 31, 1862 - September 19, 1862. During the period in which the diary was written, McAfee was serving a three month term of enlistment in the New York State Militia's 12th Regiment. This regiment served at Fort McHenry in Baltimore, then later at Harpers Ferry. The diary begins on the day the regiment was mustered into service and primarily describes the prosaic activities of daily life, including military drills, the weather, dress parades, inspections, etc. Toward the end of the diary, McAfee describes the battle at Harpers Ferry that took place in September 1862. Confederate General 'Stonewall' Jackson surrounded and attacked the Union garrison, forcing the eventual surrender of federal troops, who were commanded by U.S. Army Colonel Dixon S. Miles. In his entry from September 15, McAfee references the fact that Col. Miles was shot in the leg, an injury which proved to be fatal. McAfee and his regiment were briefly prisoners of war, but were soon released by Confederate forces and put on trains heading north. In his entry from September 19, McAfee describes arriving back in New York City, marching up Broadway to Union Square, then being dismissed.

Robert P. Goodman

Typewritten copy of a journal of Robert P. Goodman and his experiences as a Union soldier in Missouri. Also included in the back of the book are letters from Goodman's family.

Robert T. Wood

Robert T. Wood papers, 1863-1865, 1879 (bulk 1864).  The collection consists primarily of letters from Robert T. Wood (d. 1865, Confederate soldier in the Georgia Militia during the Civil War, resident of Washington County, Georgia) from May - August 1864 while serving in the Georgia Militia near Atlanta, to his wife and children in Washington County, Georgia. Also includes letters from a cousin, Fannie H. Rogers, Calhoun's Mills (S.C.); a letter from D.R. Childers (unit unknown), dated July 1963, Chattanooga, Tennessee, which mentions the Tullahoma campaign; and a social letter from W.D. Johnson dated 1879, from Liverpool, England to his sister, Missouri.

Roysdon Roberson Etter Diary, Sept. 1861 to October 4, 1862

Diary of Roysdon Roberson Etter, Co. H, 16th Tenn. Inf. Regt., CSA. This diary is from Sept. 1861 to October 4, 1862. Soldier was from Viola, Warren Co., Tenn. Etter was wounded at Perryville, Ky. in October 1862. Handwritten copy of the diary of Pvt. Rodyson Roberson Etter, Co.. H, 16th Tenn. Inf. Regt., CSA. This copy of the soldier's diary was made by his grand daugther Henrietta Pummill. The grand daughter copied his original diary by hand. Pvt. Etter was wounded in the shoulder blades at Perryville, Ky. In Oct. 1862.

Rufus B. Parkes

Diary of Lt. Rufus B. Parkes, Co. E, 9th KY. Inf. Regt., CSA (also known as 5th KY and 9th KY Mtd. Inf.). The diary was lost at Shiloh and was returned to the family in 1925. After Shiloh, Co. E, became Co. A, 23rd Tenn. Inf. Regt., CSA. Parkes' diary includes information about the early movements of the regt. Leading up to the battle of Shiloh. One entry lists ordnance items issued to his company. Parkes was discharged from the army on May 17, 1862.

Samuel Hall Diary, 1863

Samuel Hall was a soldier during the Civil War. He was taken prisoner of war at Gettysburg July 2, 1863.

Charles E. Ripley

Charles E. Ripley diary, 1863-1864. This collection consists of an 1864 Civil War diary that covers events like the capture of Atlanta and Sherman's March to the Sea. Also included is documentation of daily skirmishes and cannonades, as well as military movement and analysis. Charles E. Ripley, Color Sergeant, 21st Wisconsin, enlisted as a corporal August 15, 1862, and served with his unit through the end of the war, being mustered out at Washington on June 8, 1865.

Charles F. Weller, Pocket sized diary, from January to June of 1865

Charles F. Weller, Pocket sized diary, beginning in 1862 and ending in 1864

Pocket sized diary,in a leather case, beginning in 1862 and ending in 1864 written by Charles F. Weller about his service as a union soldier in the United States Civil War.

Pocket sized diary, from January to June of 1865, written by Charles F. Weller about his service as a union soldier in the United States Civil War.
 

Charles Darwin Elliot Diary , 1863-1864

The diary begins with his entries in March 1864; his wife continued the diary until September 1864. Charles Darwin Elliot's portion of the diary describes troop movements around southern Louisiana, the threat of Confederate guerillas and Jayhawkers, correspondence with his wife, and brief observations on his daily activities. Emily Jane Elliot's contributions to the diary detail the journey from New Orleans, La., to Massachusetts following Charles Darwin Elliot's discharge; daily life and household activities; and relationships with her husband's family while the couple lived in Foxboro immediately after the war. In the diary, there is a list of tasks related to Elliot's surveying work, December 1863-March 1864. Included in the surveyor field books are topographical sketches of and notes from May 1863 about Bayou Boeuf, La., and undated information about eastern Connecticut.

Charles H. Peterson  Diary, 1863

Charles H. Peterson  Diary, 1864

Charles H. Peterson  Diary, 1865

Between 1863 and 1865 Charles H. Peterson kept these diaries which document his participation in the Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Wilderness, and Petersburg campaigns during the US Civil War. He tucked notes, correspondence, currency, and newspaper clippings between the pages. The collection includes notes, correspondence, currency, and newspaper clippings that were tucked between the pages of the three diaries.

Robert C. Peirce

The diary of Robert C. Peirce, Paymaster of the U.S.S. Dawn, from September 24, 1862 - February 7, 1863. The diary contains information about the activities of the U.S.S. Dawn in and around the Ogeechee River, south of Savannah, Georgia including the islands of Ossabaw and Wassaw, as part of the Union blockade. Peirce discusses trips up the Ogeechee to attack "the Battery," weather, and how crew members hunted to provide food. Includes transcription.

James M. Little

A soldier in the 39th Indiana Infantry Regiment, Little writes in his diary from August 27, 1861, through April 28, 1862. He records his activities from the mustering of the regiment to just before its march to Corinth, Mississippi. He includes his account of the Battle of Shiloh (April 6 and 7, 1862) and drawings of the Union defenses at Bowling Green, Kentucky.

James M. Malbone Diary

James M. Malbone Diary Transcript

The diary and notebook of Lt. James M. Malbone, Company B, 6th Virginia Infantry, CSA includes entries for 1863 and 1864. This pocket book contains diary entries, accounts, poetry and copies of letters and documents to and from Malbone. The provenance of this diary is uncertain. James M. Mallone (aka Malbone, Malbon) enlisted on 3/25/1862 at Interior Line as a Private. On 3/25/1862 he mustered into "B" Co. VA 6th Infantry. He was wounded 5/3/1863 Chancellorsville, VA (Gun-shot wound right arm). He was promoted to 2nd Lieutenant on 5/1/1862.

James Robert McMichael Diary, 1864-1865

James Robert McMichael (1835-1893) was a Confederate officer who served with the 12th Georgia Infantry Regiment. The collection includes a photocopy of a typed transcription of the diary, July 1864-June 1865, kept by McMichael, while he was a prisoner at Fort Delaware, Del, Morris Island, S.C., and Cockspur Island near Savannah, Ga., with memoranda, names of fellow prisoners, a roll of his company, and seven letters to him chiefly about items being sent to him by relatives and friends. Diary entries describe prison conditions, McMichael's health, and his feelings about imprisonment, harsh treatment he received, and the Confederacy.

James S. Davy Civil War Diary, 1861

James S. Davy Civil War Diary, 1863

James S. Davy Civil War Diary, 1864

James S. Davy Civil War Diary, 1865

Davy served in the 47th Indiana Infantry Volunteers, Company C, in the Civil War from 1861-1865. During his time in the Civil War, he kept an account of his daily life.

Isaac B. Brown

This is the 33-page diary of Isaac B. Brown who served with the 211th Pennsylvania Infantry. The diary contains entries, January-October 1864, covering the time that Brown was involved in espionage and his discovery. (Diary is missing covers, looks like pages could be missing—first page is smudged from rubbing and is very difficult to read –the first part seems to take place in 1864 since it talks about Jerusalem Plank Road battle which was during June, 1864)

Isaac N. Williamson Diary, 1863

Isaac N. Williamson was a bugler in Company E of the 18th Pennsylvania Cavalry. He was mustered on September 17, 1862; wounded at Spotsylvania, VA, on May 8th, 1864; and mustered out on July 14, 1865. He describes fighting at Hanover, PA.

Isaac S. Knapp diary, 1865

Isaac S. Knapp diary, 1865 ( transcript)

Isaac S. Knapp diary, 1865.  Handwritten Civil War diary, soft cover, pocket sized, scanned and transcribed.

Isaiah Goddard Hacker

The 1864 pocket diary was owned by Isaiah Goddard Hacker, a soldier from the Union Army who served in the American Civil War. He was part of the Company E, 38th Regiment, Massachusetts Volunteers, attached to the 3rd brigade, 2nd division, 19th Army Corps (Department of the Gulf, and Army of the Shenandoah, Middle Military Division).

Isaiah Smith Diary July 1860 - February 1867

Isaiah Smith Diary July 1860 - February 1867 (transcript)

The collection consists of a diary and photographs. Also included are an introduction, description, and transcription of the diary done by descendents of Isaiah Smith. The diary covers Isaiah Smith's daily life from July 1860 until February 1867. Such topics as family, friends, work, church, singing, the weather, army camp, hospital duties, and fellow soldiers are described. There are also several pages of accounts and medicines. The photographs are of Smith, his family, and his CSA discharge certificate.

J.J. McDaniel

Diary of battles, marches and incidents of the Seventh South Carolina regiment.

J. S. Jones

J. S. Jones was in the 30th Tennessee Infantry, C. S. A. He was captured at Fort Donelson and imprisoned at Camp Butler prisoner camp in Illinois. .

J.W. Moore

Diary of the Twentieth Iowa; from its organization until it was mustered out after the war.

Jacob Andervount Diary

Jacob Andervount Diary Transcription

Diary of Jacob Andervount, Company A, 19th Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry, Georgia.

Jackson S. Stuchal

Diary kept by Jackson S. Stuchal in 1861. The diary contains several pages of poems and verses, some of which were copied while others were written by Stuchal himself. The diary also includes a record of Stuchal's day to day activities as a soldier in Company A of the 61st Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers. The diary itself is a datebook from 1860, so Stuchal has had to scratch off and rewrite the dates for most of his entries. Stuchal is camped at various locations near Washington, D.C. and Alexandria, Virginia. He visits Mount Vernon and sees where George Washington is buried. He also visits wounded soldiers in a hospital within view of Fort Washington. He describes building winter quarters, his pay and equipment, preparing for drill and dress parades, and the recruiting efforts of one of his commanders, Captain Creps. The diary entries conclude on December 24, 1861 with "excitement in camp today as tommorow is Christmas Day."

Jacob D. Irish Diary, January-August 1865

 
Diary kept between 1 January and 27 August 1865 by Union soldier Jacob D. Irish. From January through June, entries were recorded on a daily basis. These entries are short and describe drill and guard duties, cooking and wood cutting chores, camaraderie with fellow soldiers, as well as the continuing correspondence between Irish and his family. The entry on 25 March describes the assault on Fort Stedman by Confederate soldiers. Another entry, written while at City Point, Va., on 17 April, refers to mourning Abraham's Lincoln death stating, "Flags at half mast for Uncle Abe and firing guns all day." The diary continues with intermittent entries after Irish mustered out in mid-June of 1865 and returned home.

Jacob R. Shotwell

This is the diary of Private Jacob R. Shotwell who served with Company B, 41st Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment during the Civil War. The diary documents Private Shotwell's activities during 1864, while serving with the Army of the Potomac in Virginia. It includes a brief description of the Battle of Spotsylvania.

Jacob Nauman Diary, 1864-1865

His Civil War diaries describe his experiences as a soldier in the Union Army at Vicksburg and include maps and drawings.

Jacob Wallace Smiley

The diary of Jacob Wallace Smiley, a Union sharpshooter with the 7th Company, 1st Battalion, New York Sharpshooters, in the Northern Virginia region.The first few pages of the diary include a brief history of his enlistment. The early entries describe his unit's travels around Alexandria and Northern Virginia. The majority of the entries detail his experiences in and around Culpepper from December 1863 to May 1864. He talks about camp life, drills, daily activities, letters from home, and playing baseball in camp. Smiley's last complete entry was on May 4, 1864, when the regiment moved from Culpepper toward Wilderness. May 5th includes a date and location, but no entry. Smiley was killed in action at the Wilderness later that day. Tucked inside the diary is a CDV of Smiley and his wife, Melissa, probably taken before Jacob was drafted.

George G. Smith

Leaves from a soldier's diary : the personal record of Lieutenant George G. Smith, Co. C., 1st Louisiana regiment infantry volunteers (white) during the war of the rebellion ; also a partial history of the operations of the army and navy in the Department of the Gulf from the capture of New Orleans to the close of the war.

George H. Marshall

Civil War diary of George H. Marshall, a soldier in Company K, 113th Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery during the Civil War. The diary contains short entries spanning one year, beginning with Marshall's enlistment on February 24, 1864. The diary's early entries cover Marshall's enlistment and the movement of his regiment. Later entries, made from Fort Monroe, Virginia, at which the 113th was stationed, relate to the daily routines of Marshall, his regiment, and the fort. Marshall notes such details as the weather, the condition of his health, and his correspondence but also makes mention of prisoners of war, African American troops, the wounded, and skirmishes with the Confederates. George H. Marshall of Company K, 113th Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery, was born in Pennsylvania, ca. 1835. The son of Sarah Marshall, he lived in Chester County before enlisting as a private in Company K of the 113th on February 23, 1864. He was promoted to full artificer on September 3, 1865. After the mustering out of his regiment at Fort Monroe, Marshall returned to Chester County, Pennsylvania, where he recommenced working as a carpenter.

George Hewey

This is the 75 page diary of George Hewey who served with the 7th Maine Light Artillery Battery during the Civil War. The diary contains Hewey’s daily entries for 1865, and includes descriptions of the Union Army’s siege of Petersburg, Virginia and the Confederate retreat and surrender.

George J. Engelmann

Contains report of events as he saw them, or as he learned of them through newspapers, local rumors, or reports from friends. He divides his entries between local news and news from abroad, and occasionally summarizes the progression of battles and engagements by dates and months. He pastes in pertinent clippings, and comments on laws, political news and local events.

George Jacob Mook

Diary of George Mook, January 1, 1865, to June 22, 1865 .  George Jacob Mook was born April 26, 1828, in Oxford, Ohio. During the Civil War he served as a private in the 4th Missouri Cavalry (Confederate). He was captured October 25, 1864, near Fort Scott, Kans., and imprisoned at Gratiot Street Prison and Alton Military Prison, before being sent to the South on exchange. After the war he returned to St. Louis, where he served as vice president and treasurer of Flesh & Mook Painting Company. He died November 2, 1900, in St. Louis.

George L. Bright

George L. Bright was a band member of the 46th Ohio Volunteer Infantry (or 46th OVI), an infantry regiment in the Union Army during the American Civil War. Bright's diary details weather and marching conditions from January to September 1862 and in specific locations including Camp Logan, Ohio; Columbus, Ohio; and Paducah, Kentucky. Bright's entries also note days when he played his horn for regimental funerals.

George M. Hanvey

The collection consists of the papers of George M. Hanvey from 1858-1865, 1880-1889. The papers from 1858-1865 relate to Hanvey's service as captain of the Newnan Guards, later known as Company A of the 1st Georgia Infantry Regiment including two letters regarding its organization (1858, 1859); a letter to Governor G.W. Gist of South Carolina offering their services should South Carolina secede (Nov. 1860); a penciled note from Governor Joseph E. Brown to Captain Hanvey instructing him to rendezvous at Macon, Georgia on March 20, 1861; a letter to General Braxton Bragg (May, 1861) desiring to attach his company to the Artillery at Warrington, Florida; a muster roll of the Newnan Guards who left for Pensacola, Florida in 1861; a circular from Harvey to W.L. Beadle regarding the bombardment of Ft. Sumter; and Harvey's oath of allegiance. The later papers, 1880-1889, contain letters with reminiscences of company members to be read at the reunion of the Newnan Guards.

John W. Fisher

The diary of Lieutenant John W. Fisher, a Confederate soldier in the 10th Cavalry Regiment of the Missouri State Guard, 8th Division, 1861-1862 was written for his wife Bettie. In his diary, Fisher describes daily military camp life and activities, descriptions of the towns and regions they travel through, the economy, and depredations suffered by the civilians, as well as entries pertaining to Jayhawkers and skirmishes, and his personal desire to return home to see his wife and child.

John W. Tuttle Diary Transcript

This diary was kept and recorded by Captain John W. Tuttle (1837-1927) from 1860-1867. The diary spans Tuttle's social and family life before the Civil War, his time serving in Company H of the 3rd Kentucky Volunteer Infantry for the Union Army during the Civil War, and the post-war when he returned home to his legal work in Monticello, Kentucky. Existing in a single bound volume, the diary features printed type rather than handwriting. This collection contains a bound typescript of a diary that John W. Tuttle, kept during the Civil War while serving in the Union Army. He participated in the battles of Shiloh, Lookout Mountain, and Atlanta. Tuttle wrote brief daily entries and continued to write after returning to his position in the bankruptcy court in Monticello, Kentucky. Subjects written about in the diary include Tuttle's social and family life; his troop movements, illnesses, and duties during the war; and his legal work in Monticello.

Joseph Child diary, 1862-1863

A Civil War soldier from Lyons, Iowa, Joseph Child served in the 26th Regiment of the Iowa Infantry Volunteers, Company K. His diary contains descriptions of the battles leading to the siege of Vicksburg.

Joseph Spafford

Letter head with color illustration of a camp scene written in the field. Topics include several diary entries detailing Joseph’s experiences from November 25th, 1862 to January 8th, 1863 that include camp life, soldiers marching music, viewing the Chantilly battlefield, desecration of the dead, discovery of coffin of Confederate officer in barn of area family, firing at Rebels with death of a horse resulting, burned and empty buildings in the area, activities of local people including assisting a southern woman regain her father who had been taken prisoner.

Joseph Priest

This is the diary of Joseph Priest who served as a hospital steward and pharmacist for the Union Army from June to September 1864.

Joshua Breyfogle

Joshua Breyfogle family papers 1864, 1903. The collection consists of a Civil War diary written by Joshua Breyfogle in 1864; a typescript of a letter written by Joshua Breyfogle to his children in 1903 in which he describes his Civil war experiences; a typed genealogy of the Breyfogle family; and six family photographs. The diary gives details of Joshua Breyfogle's participation in three Georgia battles- in Resaca, Atlanta, and Fort McAllister. The letter describes Joshua Breyfogle's moves through Ohio, West Virginia, Kentucky and Virginia with battles at Rich Mountain and Cheat Mountain, West Virginia, and White House Landing and Petersburg, Virginia.

Lyman Gibson Bennett Diary from August 19, 1861 through December 20, 1861

Lyman Gibson Bennett Diary from December 21, 1861 through  April 4,1862

Lyman Gibson Bennett Diary from January 1, 1865 through October 04, 1865

Lyman Gibson Bennett, a soldier in the 36th Illinois Infantry, recorded this diary from August 19, 1861 through December 20, 1861. The diary documents Bennett's every day actions from the day he joined the military until he sends this diary home to his wife, Melissa. Bennett discusses his motivations for joining the military, political feelings, and thoughts of sadness as he leaves his wife for Missouri. Originally, Bennett was in the regular infantry, but eventually he is identified as a cartographer and an engineer. His skills are put to use, as he is ordered to map and survey the surrounding areas of Rolla, Missouri. Bennett provides colorful insight to his perspective of Missouri, its citizens, and the military throughout the diary.

Lyman G. Bennett’s diary from 21 December 1861 through 4 April 1862, records his daily activities in St. Louis, southwest Missouri, and Arkansas." While in St. Louis, Bennett became sick, hospitalized, and placed in a prison for not having a pass. After conclusion of his work in St. Louis, he returned home for a short furlough. Bennett then traveled to Rolla and southwest Missouri, where he conducted a raid on Sterling Price’s cache of rations and supplies. He then marched into Arkansas and participated in the Battle of Pea Ridge, providing vivid details of the events he experienced.

Lyman Gibson Bennett’s diary from January 1, 1865 through October 04, 1865 documents his work as a civilian in General Samuel R. Curtis’s engineering department and his experiences during the Powder-River Expedition. Under Curtis, Bennett mapped the 1864 battlefields of Sterling Price’s Missouri Expedition, including the Big Blue River, the Marmiton River, and Westport, Missouri, and at Mine Creek, Kansas. Bennett then received orders to inspect military forts in Kansas and the defenses along the stage line to Denver, Colorado, and at Fort Laramie, Wyoming. This first segment of the diary ends in April, and the last segment begins in July, as Bennett joins the Powder-River Expedition under Col. Nelson Cole of the 2nd Missouri Light Artillery. His diary includes vivid descriptions of incidents along the march, skirmishing with Native Americans, and the effects of exposure and starvation on the men and animals in the column. After Bennett’s column reached Fort Connor, he was ordered to Fort Laramie to begin mapping the operations of the Powder River Expedition.

J.T Spink

J.T Spink served in the 2nd Ohio Cavalry.

Jacob Cohn

The diary of Jacob Cohn, a soldier in Company A, 54th Pennsylvania Infantry during the Civil War. Cohn's brief entries commence with April 14, 1864 and trace his regiment's movements and battles, particularly those at New Market and Piedmont. The entries cease with June 18, 1864, and are followed by the names of Company A's soldiers wounded and killed at the Battle of New Market. The diary also contains various lists of goods and prices, some dated June-September 1863. Jacob Cohn enlisted as a private in Company A, 54th Pennsylvania Infantry on February 10, 1864. He is listed among soldiers who served from Cambria County, Pennsylvania, in which Company A recruited. Cohn's name does not appear on the regiment's muster-out roll, and no further information about him could be found. The 54th Pennsylvania Infantry was organized in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania in August and September, 1861, having recruited largely in Somerset and surrounding counties of southwestern Pennsylvania. In February 1862, the regiment was ordered to Washington, D. C., then to Harpers Ferry, (West) Virginia, from which the individual companies were dispatched to guard strategic points along a 60-mile section of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad. Company A guarded the vicinity of South Branch Bridge. As part of the Union Army's Department of West Virginia, the regiment participated in the Shenandoah Campaign of 1864, engaging the Confederates in several battles, including those at New Market, Piedmont and Lynchburg. In December 1864, the 54th was assigned to the Army of the James and transferred to Petersburg, Virginia. There, it participated in the siege against the city, the pursuit of Lee's forces, and the Appomattox campaign. The regiment was mustered out of service on July 15, 1865.

Jacob Young

This is the 33 page diary of Jacob Young who served with Co. B., 188th Ohio Infantry during the Civil War. The diary covers February 1 through September 27, 1865.

James Aker

James Aker diary, 1864.  This collection consists of a diary that covers Civil War events like marching through Tennessee and the Atlanta Campaign.

James Dickson Diary

James Dickson Diary Transcript

The collection consists of the diary of a blockade runner during the Civil War from December 1861 through February 1862. The diary describes the voyage from New York to Halifax, Nova Scotia and the return voyage on the brigantine the Standard of Windsor, loaded with dry goods, food, and medicine for the Confederate government. The author describes in detail the weather, sea conditions, eating habits, and life aboard ship; fears of capture by Union forces; maneuvers used to run the blockade; and off loading the cargo. Also contained in the collection are research notes, speeches, and correspondence of William Porter Kellam pertaining to his research of the diary. Kellam attributes the diary to James Dickson in Savannah, Georgia.

James E. Green Diary, 1863-1872

A typed transcription of the intermittent diary, 1863-1865, kept by James E. Green while he was a Confederate soldier on active duty in Virginia and Pennsylvania with the 53rd North Carolina Regiment, in army hospitals at Lynchburg, Va., and Charlotte, N.C., and on furlough, November 1864-March 1865; and 1865-1869 and 1872 while he was farming at home near Marshville in Union County, N.C..

Franklin Denny

Franklin Denny enlisted in Company C, 1st Missouri Cavalry on August 1, 1861. He was elected third sergeant, and in February 1862 he was promoted to first sergeant. In his diary, Denny recorded the actions of the 1st Missouri Cavalry as they travelled across Kansas, Missouri and Arkansas from 1862 through 1864. He noted engagements with bushwhackers and rebel soldiers, personal thoughts on Kansas Jayhawkers, the impact of the War on civilians, and the routine of military life. Denny was discharged from the service on September 17, 1864.

Carlos Colby letters, 1862-1864

Second Corporal, 97th Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment, Company G. Consists of 129 letters home, 1862-1865, from Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Florida, describing all aspects of daily camp life, covering such topics as accommodations, food, clothing, health, weather, scenery, transportation, and weaponry. The letters also reveal social and racial attitudes, moral and mental states, and patriotic sentiments and contain observations on military leaders (Ulysses S. Grant). Colby includes graphic descriptions of particular battles and skirmishes (Vicksburg, Fort Blakely, and Jackson).

Cloe Tyler Whittle Greene Diary, vol 1

Cloe Tyler Whittle Greene Diary, vol 2

Cloe Tyler Whittle Greene Diary, vol 3

Diary of Cloe Tyler Whittle Greene, July 30, 1862 - September 27, 1863.  The diary begins at the outbreak of the Civil War, when she was a student. She gives a detailed account of war-time activities in Norfolk, Virginia including the fall of that city and being evacuated to Charleston, South Carolina, and then the fall of Charleston prompting and her return to Norfolk. She records the fall of Richmond and General Robert E. Lee's surrender. She visited Jefferson Davis while he was in prison. She also met General Robert E. Lee and General Curtis Lee. After the war, she writes of her social and church activities, books read and trips taken, and the courtship and marriage to John Greene.

Daniel Butterfield Pease family papers, 1864-1866

Consists of correspondence, mainly from Daniel Butterfield Pease, to members of his family in Maine while serving with Company G of the 12th Maine Infantry Regiment from 1864-1866. Pease's letters were written from Camp Coburn, Maine; Galloups Island, Massachusetts; and Augusta, Savannah, and Thomasville, Georgia and contain descriptions of the different areas, his duties, the Civil War, and peace-keeping activities during Reconstruction. The collection also contains a few letters from Pease's brothers, Dixon and Plummer.

Daniel Lucas

History of the 99th Indiana Infantry, containing a diary of marches, incidents, biographies of officers and complete rolls.

David L. Day

My Diary Of Rambles with the 25th Mass. Volunteer Infantry, Burnside's Coast Division; 18th Army Corps, Army of the James.

Theodore Reichhardt

Diary of Battery A, First Regiment Rhode Island Light Artillery.

Ephraim Shelby Dodd

Diary of Ephraim Shelby Dodd - Member of Company D Terry's Texas Rangers, December 4, 1862--January 1, 1864.

William H. Jackson / Lipman George Balle

Civil War diary, 9 June - 19 Sept. 1863, written in two different hands, begun by Union soldier William H. Jackson (4th Michigan Regt.) during the week of 9-19 June 1863; collected from the battlefield in Gettysburg, Penn., by a Confederate soldier and subsequently sold to Private Lipman George Balle (Col. D., 3rd S.C. Battalion), who added entries, 31 July - 19 Sept. 1863. Family lore holds that a minie ball struck the diary in battle, thus saving Balle's life; a prominent tear pierces the volume. The volume also includes accounts, including on the pages for 1-9 Jan. 1863.

M.M. Cottingim

The diary of M.M. Cottingim between April and October of 1862. In addition to short entries about his regiment's movements and activities, his last few entries make mention of his leg being wounded at Antietam on September 17, its subsequent amputation and infection, and his removal to a hospital near Frederick. M. M. Cottingim served as a private with Company A, 2nd Regiment, Mississippi Infantry. He mustered in during March of 1862. He died in November 18, 1862, probably from wounds sustained during fighting at Antietam, and was buried in Frederick, MD.

Madison Miller Diary, April 1862

Diary of Madison Miller, April 1862: Describes a battle with the enemy attacking on the right, surrender by General Prentiss, and being taken prisoner of war. Also describes being marched to Corinth and sent by rail to Memphis, food given to prisoners, and being quartered in the Baptist College in Taladega, Alabama.

Mahlon D. Cushman Diary, 1864-1864

Mahlon D. Cushman, a Union soldier during the Civil War, served as a private in Company I of the 16th Connecticut Infantry Regiment, 1862-1864. As part of the Union garrison at Plymouth, N.C., the 16th Connecticut, with the 18th Army Corps, defended against a Confederate land and naval attack, 17-20 April 1864. On 20 April 1864, the Union garrison at Plymouth surrended, and Cushman was sent to the Andersonville Prison at Camp Sumter, Ga. He was paroled in November 1864 and discharged with disability in June 1865. The collection consists of the 1864 pocket diary of Civil War soldier Mahlon D. Cushman. The diary documents Cushman's capture by Confederate soldiers at the Battle of Plymouth and subsequent imprisonment in Andersonville Prison. Daily entries are typically brief, generally indicating weather conditions and occasionally diet. Entries of note include the 20 April 1864 surrender at Plymouth, the journey southward, and 2 May 1864 arrival at Andersonville Prison. Brief entries tell of many hundreds of prisoners coming into the prison and the deaths of prisoners. On 26 November 1864, Cushman recorded his parole and, on 5 December 1864, his arrival in Annapolis, Md.

Marcus B. Warner

Diary written by Marcus B. Warner in 1864. The diary is written in a green Allings & Cory pocket diary. In addition to describing his life as a soldier, Warner also chronicles his previous civilian life and the Union army recruitment process. Writing as a civilian, his common discussion topics include the weather, his daily schedule, fluctuating gold prices, local and national politics and elections, war news, and local community and church events. A notable entry on August 6th gives insight to his political sentiments: The Copper Heads are getting to be quite bold they are spewing out their venomous treason against the Government at times when I hear them talk it almost makes my blood boil with rage I fairly hate the sight of them and there is many those who we would expect better things from. After Marcus mustered into service in September of 1864, his descriptions shift to daily camp life and more in-depth war news that is sometimes accompanied by newspaper clippings. A humorous entry on October 4th details a false alarm around camp, in which a guard mistook a lone dog for an enemy attack.
 

Mary Boykin Chesnut

A Diary from Dixie is the Civil War diary of Mary Boykin Chesnut, society matron and wife of United States senator and Confederate general, James Chesnut, Jr. As an active participant in her husband’s career, accompanying him to postings in Montgomery, Richmond, Charleston, and Columbia, Chesnut became an eyewitness to many important events of the war, and, despite being a member of the privileged class, managed to convey the Confederacy’s struggle from different points of view.
A Diary from Dixie is considered by many to be the most important work produced by a Confederate author. Filmmaker Ken Burns made extensive use of Chesnut’s diary in his documentary series The Civil War.

Mary Phinney Olnhausen

Adventures of an Army Nurse in Two Wars. Edited from the Diary and Correspondence of Mary Phinney Olnhausen.

Miles Beaty letters, 1862-1863

Miles Beaty letters, 1863

Miles Beaty Letters from Beaty to his family recounting his experience as a Union soldier in the 149th Regiment of the Pennsylvania infantry, and letters to his family from his comrades recounting the circumstances of his death and burial.

Milton S. Koontz Diary from  June 10, 1863 to December 31, 1863

Milton S. Koontz Diary from March 1865 to May 1865

Milton S. Koontz, 1863 Copybook

Milton S. Koontz, 1865, Sketchbook

Diary from March 1865 to May 1865 details the movements and actions of Koontz and his fellow troops. Diary from  June 10, 1863 to December 31, 1863 focuses primarily on the military related actions of each day.

Myron Owen diary, 1864

Myron Owen served with the 8th New York Cavalry Regiment and joined the Army of the Potomac. He served the quartermaster, managing supplies of forage for the horses. He was present at the battles of Harper's Ferry, Antietam, Chancellorsville and Richmond.

Charles Arad Gates

Charles Arad Gates letters, 1861-1863. Charles Arad Gates was born in 1841, one of five children of Arad and Charlotte Gates, in the village of West Monroe, near Baldwinsville, New York. His parents were third generation New York farmers, but his family history dated back to the immigrant Stephen Gates and his wife Anne who traveled from England to settle in Hingham in the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1638. Charles' ancestors Deacon Samuel Gates II and Samuel Gates both served in the Revolutionary War. From September 161 to June 1865 Gates served in the 1st New York Light Artillery, Battery B, which was known until the Gettysburg campaign in 1863 as Petit's Battery, after their first captain Rufus Pettit of Baldwinsville. The battery was organized at Baldwinsville and was composed chiefly of Onondaga county men. It was mustered into the state service at Baldwinsville on August 24, 1861 and into the service of the United States at Elmire on August August 31, 1866. Charles wrote letters home frequently to his parents, relatives, and friends describing his experiences and thoughts about the war. This collection is comprised of 39 of those letters written between September 1861 and December 1863 and envelopes for which no letters were found. There are examples of illustrated stationery, both in the letters and the envelopes, including Union icons and likenesses of McClellan, George Washington, and the Sons of Erin. Among the contents are four maps drawn by Gates including the battery's first winter camp at Camp California near Alexandria, Virginia; a map of the Antietam battlefield; a camp at Bolivar Heights near Harper's Ferry, Virginia duruing the Maryland campaign in 1862; and a cmp of the Chacellorsvillel battlefield. Noteworthy letters include a letter of July 4th, 1864 describing two days of battle including the climactic charge of Confederate troops led by General George Pickett on the Union defense of Cemetery Ridge on the third day of battle.

Charles Newell Hammond

Journal of Charles Newell Hammond (1835-1891). Hammond served with Co. F, 96th Ill. Vol. Inf. Regt., USA. The journal provides an account of the company's rations and expenses as well as his personal account of the mundane events of camp life. On June 25 he wrote, "My 28th birthday, thought about greens for dinner but had to eat Hard tack & sow belly. The boys nearly all went to the front but I was shoeless & had to stay."

Charles Sigwalt Diary vol. 1 (January 6, 1862 - December 31, 1862)

Charles Sigwalt Diary vol. 2 (January 1, 1863 - January 21, 1864)

Charles Sigwalt Diary vol. 3 (January 1, 1864 - December 31, 1864)

Charles Sigwalt Diary vol. 4 (January 1, 1865 - October 17, 1865)

Charles Sigwalt , With Sherman from Chattanooga to Atlanta (typed monograph)

Charles Sigwalt, originally a resident of Long Grove, Illinois, went on to become a prominent businessman, Postmaster and eventually Village President [Mayor] of Arlington Heights, Illinois. He was Village President during the years 1891-1893, 1894-1897 and 1899-1905. This diary begins with Sigwalt's daily life on a farm in Long Grove and continues with his enlistment and involvement in the 88th Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry.

Charles Smedley

Life in southern prisons; from the diary of Corporal Charles Smedley, of Company G, 90th regiment Penn'a volunteers, commencing a few days before the "battle of the Wilderness", in which he was taken prisoner, in the evening of the fifth month fifth, 1864: also, a short description of the march to and battle of Gettysburg, together with a biographical sketch of the author.

Alexander H. Stephens

Recollections of Alexander H. Stephens; his diary kept when a prisoner at Fort Warren, Boston Harbour, 1865; giving incidents and reflections of his prison life and some letters and reminiscences. Ed., with a biographical study, by Myrta Lockett Avary.

Alexander Downing

Sergeant Alexander G. Downing, Company E, Eleventh Iowa Infantry, Third Brigade, "Crocker's Brigade," Sixth Division of the Seventeenth Corps, Army of the Tennessee. August 15, 1861- July 31, 1865.

Andrew F. Davis papers, May-December 1861

Andrew F. Davis diary, 1861-1862

Andrew F. Davis papers, 1862

Andrew F. Davis papers, January-October 1863

Davis, of Liberty, Union County, Indiana, enlisted in Company I, 15th Regiment, Indiana Volunteers on May 14, 1861. He was commissioned as a second lieutenant September 10, 1861, and as a first lieutenant November 1862.

Willis B. Keith

Civil War diary of Willis B. Keith.  Includes history, official records, etc. of the 35th (First Irish) Regiment. Typewritten copy from Indiana State Library Archives Division.

William W. Perry

Story of One Soldier's Life, War of 1861 to 1863. William H. Perry, Company B, 82nd Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry.

William Watlington

Personal narrative of the history of the 3rd Indiana Cavalry during the United States Civil War, containing troop movements, daily life of enlisted and officers, battles, and casualties from the diary notes of William Watlington.

William S. White

A Diary Of The War: What I Saw Of It. By William S. White, Third Richmond Howitzers, First Virginia Artillery,Second Corps, A. N. V.

William Standard Diary, October 1862- May 1863

William Standard Diary, February 1865 –May 1865

William M. Standard Diary Transcriptions

 William M. Standard enlisted in the Illinois Volunteer Infantry on August 9, 1862, and was assigned to duty as first sergeant of Company A, 103rd Regiment. He mustered into active service with his unit on October 2, 1862, in Peoria, Illinois. Over the course of the war, the 103rd Regiment served in the 13th, 16th, and 15th Army Corps, Department of Tennessee, and saw action in many Civil War campaigns including the Siege of Vicksburg and the Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign. During the Atlanta Campaign, Standard's unit fought at many locations in Georgia, including Resaca, Kennesaw Mountain, Ezra Church, Jonesboro, and Lovejoy's Station. His unit participated in General William T. Sherman's March to the Sea and was part of the "Grand Review" in Washington, D.C., on May 24th, 1865. Standard was promoted to first lieutenant of Company A on February 23, 1865, with rank effective from January 15, 1865. He was discharged on June 21, 1865 at Louisville, Kentucky.

William Sylvester Dillon

William Sylvester Dillon Civil War Diary. Typed transcription, 133 p.

William Raleigh Clack

William Raleigh Clack, Co. B, 43rd Tenn. Inf. Regt., CSA Company B, 43rd Tenn. Inf. Regt., CSA was raised in Sulphur Springs, Rhea County, Tenn. The diary begins on May 23, 1863 about the time that the regiment reported to the defenses of Vicksburg, Mississippi and ends on July 28, 1863. Vicksburg surrendered July 4, 1863 and Clack mentions the surrender in the diary. Paroled with the rest of his regiment after the surrender, Clack took the oath of allegiance in December 1863 and presumably returned home to Rhea County, Tennessee.

William P. Lyon

Reminiscences of the civil war; comp. from the war correspondence of Colonel William P. Lyon and from personal letters and diary by Mrs. Adelia C. Lyon. Published by William P. Lyon, jr.

William Newton Price

One Year In The Civil War, A Diary of the Events from April 1st, 1864, to April 1st, 1865 By William N. Price, A Private Soldier in Company D, 6th Tennessee, United States Volunteer Infantry.

William Moore

Diary, September 7, 1861-June 26, 1862, of Captain William Moore, Company G, 10th Wisconsin Infantry Regiment, describing the organization of the company from the Jackson County Rifles, and the history of its movements and battles in Kentucky, Tennessee, and Alabama until the time of Moore's death; includes observations on slavery and the effects of war.

William H. Merrill

Five Months in Rebeldom: Notes from the diary of a Bull Run prisoner at Richmond by Corporal William H. Merrill, CoIor Guard, Co. E., 27th Regiment, N. Y. S. V.

William Leonard

Leonard's diary begins in August 1864, apparently when he was appointed to drive an ambulance. His entries are short and refer mostly to his daily activities: who or what he was conveying to and from the hospital at City Point outside Petersburg; what letters he sent or received; war news; or when he attended religious meetings. Shortly before the diary ends in April 1865, he notes the firing of guns and cannons "for the death of Abraham Lincoln President of the U.S. who was shot by a man by the name of Booth."

Buford Brown

Diary of Buford Brown, soldier. August 7, 1862 to May 31, 1865. Contains descriptions of daily weather and activities. Includes lyrics to popular Civil War song "Lorena."

C.T. Kimmel

This is an excerpt from the diary of C.T. Kimmel, an assistant surgeon in the 2nd Missouri State Militia Cavalry. The entries, dated May 10 – June 2, 1865, describe Kimmel mustering out of service and returning home to Chariton County, Missouri. He mentions nearby guerrilla warfare, and writes about mourning the death of President Lincoln. Attached is an invitation to a New Year’s Union Ball on December 31, 1865 in Brunswick, Missouri.

Chapin family papers, 1862-1870

The collection consists of correspondence from 1862-1870 to Mrs. Joel (Amelia) Chapin of Enfield, Connecticut from friends of J. Leander Chapin regarding his imprisonment and death at Andersonville Prison, Georgia. The letters discuss the hiring of Amelia Johnson in Andersonville to care for the grave and erect a stone. Johnson's letters contain very descriptive comments about the cemetery and stockade. Also in the collection are three documents concerning death benefits paid to Mrs. Chapin for her son's military service. Letters from Leander's friends who describe his character and death are also included.

Charles A. James Martin family papers, 1864

The collection consists of correspondence from Civil War soldiers Charles A.J. Martin, James K. Polk Martin, and probable cousin H.L.G. Whitaker, while serving in the 29th Georgia Infantry Regiment in 1864. The letters are mostly written during the Atlanta Campaign, except for one, from James Polk while he was in a hospital in Alabama. The letters contain some comments on fighting, but the soldiers mainly discuss their fears of dying and concern for friends and family in the war and at home. Typed transcriptions are available for most of the letters.

Charles Cady letters, 1862-1864

Charles Cady was born in Brooklin, Connecticut. On October 21, 1861, at the age of thirty-two he enlisted in Company E of the 15th Regiment of the Iowa Volunteer Infantry. He served as a sergeant in that company until his discharge on November 3, 1864.

Cyrus Vanmatre

Civil War  Diary of Cyrus Vanmatre, member of Company E, 8th regiment, Indiana Volunteers.

David James Palmer papers, November 1862 - November 1928

David James Palmer papers, January 1863.

David James Palmer papers, January 1863-February 1887.

David James Palmer papers, August-December 1863.

David James Palmer papers, January-June 1864

.David James Palmer papers, July - December 1864.

David James Palmer papers, January 1864-May 1865

.David James Palmer papers, December 1864-May 1865

David James Palmer Papers describing the war experiences of Palmer, who was from Washington County, Iowa and fought with the 8th Iowa Infantry and later the 25th Iowa Infantry. He was severely wounded in the Battle of Shiloh but recovered and was promoted to captain and eventually lieutenant colonel and took part in the siege of Vicksburg and Sherman's March to the Sea. After the war he was a state senator and railroad commissioner.

Delia Locke

Delia Locke Diary, 1862-1869.

Edward Holcomb

The is the diary of Edward Holcomb who served with the 111th New York Infantry during the Civil War. It contains details of this common soldier’s life, January 1-December 31, 1863.

Ebenezer E. Mason

The diary of Ebenezer E. Mason, a standard leather bound pocket size edition with three dates per page that covers his experiences from January through August 1864 as well as a few entries in February 1865. The entries typically note the weather of the day as well whether or not Congress was in session. The diary also includes a short poem (original?) and some account information in the back. The diary contains a pocket that holds a period newspaper clipping of an article Mason wrote for the State Journal, making a defense for adopting a new constitution, as well as several receipts and clippings. Ebenezer Erskine Mason was born August 29, 1829, in Maine. He married Elizabeth Thompson (1825-1913) prior to 1860. Mason later became a local magistrate and a member of the Accotink Home Guard, a company that remained loyal to the Federal Government throughout the Civil War. Notably, Mason served as a delegate to the Second Wheeling Convention and was sergeant of arms to the Senate in 1863. In 1864, Mason served as delegate to the Restored Virginia Government Convention where a new constitution was put in place that abolished slavery and recognized West Virginia as a loyal state. Mason died in 1910 was buried in Fairfax County, Virginia.

Edward F. Winslow memoir, 1863-1865

Edward F. Winslow papers, September 1862-August 1864

Edward F. Winslow papers, July 1864-December 1865

Military memoir about the American Civil War, including an account of the siege of Vicksburg and the taking of Jackson, Miss. Episodes 9-10 contain the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies.

Papers of Edward Winslow, who mustered into Co. F, 4th Iowa Cavalry in November 1861, as a captain. The 4th Iowa later saw action at the siege of Vicksburg, the taking of Jackson, Mississippi, and the battle of Brice's Cross Roads. Winslow was promoted to the rank of colonel on July 4, 1863, and given command of the cavalry forces of the XV Corps. In December of 1964, he was brevetted brigadier-general for gallantry in action. After the hostilities ceased, Winslow was put in command of the Atlanta military district. He was discharged from the Army on August 10, 1865.

Edward W. Allen Papers June 1862-April 1864

Edward W. Allen Papers May-August 1864

Edward W. Allen Papers September-December 1864

Edward W. Allen Papers 1865-1866 and undated

Correspondence, diary entries, and other papers of Edward W. Allen during the Civil War. Most of the letters are from Allen to his parents in 1864 and 1865. Also included are letters he wrote to friends and letters his parents wrote to him, as well as some pages of diary entries, which Allen apparently sent to his parents, and other papers. Letters discuss camp life, supplies, health, troop movements, and battles. Some letters also discuss the army service, disappearance, imprisonment, probable death, and return home of Edward Allen's brother, Fred Allen, who served in the 36th Regiment of Wisconsin Volunteers. Edward W. Allen was at Camp Randall in Wisconsin, February 1863-February 1864; at Vicksburg, Miss., March 1864; at Pulaski, Tenn., May 1864; near Atlanta, Ga., June-September, 1864; in Savannah, Ga., December 1864; Columbia, S.C., February 1865; in Goldsboro, N.C., March-April 1865; in Virginia, May 1865; in Louisville, Ky., June-July 1865; and back in Wisconsin, July-August 1865. The earliest and the latest letters are from Edward Allen's friend, George W. Hyde, who wrote in 1862 and 1863 from Arkansas and Missouri where he was apparently serving with a Wisconsin regiment and in 1866 from Elmira, N.Y., where he was apparently still in the army. Edward W. Allen of Eau Claire, Wis., was a sergeant and then second lieutenant in Company H of the 16th Regiment, Wisconsin Infantry Volunteers, during the Civil War. He was the son of James and Emily Allen. He had several siblings, including James F. (Fred) Allen , who served in Company K, 36th Regiment of Wisconsin Volunteers.

Henry H. Chaffee

This is the 120-page diary of Henry H. Chaffee who served with the 4th Vermont Infantry during the Civil War. The diary covers the entire year of 1863 and includes accounts of the Battles of Chancellorsville and Gettysburg.

Henry Hamilton Bennett Diary vol. 1

Henry Hamilton Bennett Diary vol. 2

Henry Hamilton Bennett Diary Transcript and loose pages

Henry Hamilton Bennett (1843-1908) of Wisconsin Dells became one of the nation's best professional photographers. But before that, at age 18, he enlisted in the 12th Wisconsin Infantry and fought in the Civil War. He served as a private in Mississippi and Louisiana and took part in the Siege of Vicksburg. After being wounded in 1864, he was mustered out and returned home. Bennett filled two pocket diaries with short entries describing camp life, daily activities, the fighting at Vicksburg, and marches through Tennessee, Kentucky, and Mississippi.

Henry J. Durgin

Diary of Henry J. Durgin, Chief Bugler of the 1st N. H. Cavalry from Franklin, Louisiana, a leather-bound book with small paragraphs written under a typed heading for each day of 1864. Durgin served in the Civil War at Camp Ford.

Henry L. Burnell

The diary of Private Henry L. Burnell, Co. "I," 8th Maine Volunteer Infantry, 1859 - 1865. Burnell served in the Union Army from September 7, 1861 until July 22, 1865. Burnell's journal is written in short, often one-line, entries. The war-date material is often entered without regard to chronology and documents movements rather than details. Henry L. Burnell, born June 2, 1841, was a resident of West Baldwin, Maine. There he was a member of the Temperance Society and participated in a local band as a percussionist. On August 8, 1861, Burnell enlisted in Captain McArthur's company for three years, but when the company took a leave of absence, Burnell enlisted in the state service for a term of three years. He began his service in coastal South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. Transferred to Virginia in 1864, he participated in actions near Petersburg. Captured at Drewry's Bluff, Burnell landed in Andersonville via Libby Prison and Danville, Virginia. Following several prison transfers, Burnell eventually arrived home in May of 1865.

Henry A. Potter Diary, 1863

Henry A. Potter Diary, 1864

Henry A. Potter Diary, 1865

1863 Diary of Henry A. Potter. In the diary, he describes daily life and the status of his regiment.

1864 Civil War diary of Henry Albert Potter dated January 1, 1864- December 31, 1864. In this diary, Potter describes everyday life within the regiment, the daily weather, his commission, illness, and expenses.

1865 Civil War diary of Henry Albert Potter documenting the events between January 1, 1865- December 31, 1865. In this diary, Potter describes everyday life within the regiment, the battles at Selma and Macon, the occupation of Montgomery, and the death of Abraham Lincoln. Potter also notes at the end of each entry the number of miles his regiment marched that day.

Military Service Note: Potter, Henry A. Ovid. Enlisted in company B, Fourth Cavalry, as Sergeant July 28, 1862, at Ovid, for 3 years, age 22. Mustered Aug. 28, 1862. First Sergeant Dec. 20, 1862. Discharged to accept promotion Mar. 19, 1863. Commissioned Second Lieutenant, company E, Feb. 16, 1863. Mustered April 6, 1863. Discharged to accept promotion Aug. 22, 1864. Commissioned Captain Aug. 1, 1864. Mustered Aug. 23, 1864. Mustered out and honorably discharged at Nashville, Tenn. July 1, 1865.

Henry A. Smith

This is the diary of Lt. Henry A. Smith which was kept at Petersburg, Virginia, from August 22nd through September 13th, 1864. Smith was and aide to Confederate Major. Gen. Charles W. Field.

Henry Beck Civil War diaries, 1864-1865

Henry Beck Civil War diaries, 1864-1865 (transcriptions)

Henry Beck Civil War diaries, 1864-1865. Beck's diary compiled during his service in the Army of Northern Virginia. Beck's diaries from 1861-64 were lost in a fire at the headquarters of a Confederate Reunion in Birmingham, in 1894 . In 327 diary entries, Beck provides detailed observations on the daily life of an enlisted man in the Confederate Army. Beck ruminates on weather conditions, daily marches and his primary duty of feeding the troops. He gives detailed accounts of troop movements and battle strategies. Beck vividly recounts the battles at Spotsylvania, 2nd Cold Harbor, Monocacy, Cool Spring, Berryville, Opequon, Fisher's Hill and Cedar Creek. After the Confederate defeat at Cedar Creek on October 19, 1864, Beck embarks on a four month tour of Northern Virginia in which he attends numerous social functions, attends to daily business in the local towns and meets, courts and falls in love with his future wife. Beck's final diary entries find him back home in Alabama in February, 1865, on what turns out to be a permanent furlough.

Henry Brockway Diary, 1864

Henry Brockway served as a soldier during the Civil War in Company K, 34th Regiment, Massachusetts Volunteers.

Henry C. Ash

This is the 1862 diary of Henry C. Ash who served with the 8th New Hampshire Infantry during the Civil War.

Henry C. Dickinson

Diary of Capt. Henry C. Dickinson, C. S. A ., 1910.

Henry Campbell

Three Years in the Saddle: a Diary of the Civil War. Henry Campbell, 1862-1866.  Henry Campbell joined the 18th Indiana Artillery Battery in 1862 and kept a journal during his enlistment; shortly after the war he edited the manuscript, adding maps, newspaper clippings, etc.

Henry Clay Russell

Henry Clay Russell's Civil War letters, 1861-1865.

Henry Corbin

Henry Corbin diary. Date: Apr. 20 1863 - Sep. 22 1864.

Charles Craver Pocket diary. 1861, Dec. 21 -- 1862, Dec. 23

Charles Craver Pocket diary. 1863, Jan. 1 -- Apr. 7

Charles Craver Pocket diary. 1863, Apr. 8 -- Oct. 23

Charles F. Craver fought in the United States Civil War for the Union Side. He was listed as being from Iowa. He was a Private E in the 4th Iowa Cavalry.

Cornelius C. Platter Civil War Diary, 1864 - 1865

Civil War diary of Lt. (later Capt.) Cornelius C. Platter, of the 81st Ohio Infantry Volunteers, from November, 1864 - April 27, 1865. Platter's diary details Sherman's march through Georgia from Rome to Savannah and the march north through the Carolinas. He gives dates, times, and lengths of marches and describes the weather, locale, scenery, and food as well as orders, rumors, positions, troop morale, and administrative duties. The diary also includes a description of the burning of Columbia, South Carolina, the news of the Confederate surrender, and the assassination of Abraham Lincoln.

Cornelius Hanleiter Diaries Vol. 1 (transcriptions)

Cornelius Hanleiter Diaries Vol. 2 (transcriptions)

Cornelius Hanleiter Diaries Vol. 3 (transcriptions)

Cornelius Hanleiter Diaries Vol. 4 (transcriptions)

Cornelius Hanleiter Diaries Vol. 5 (transcriptions)

Cornelius Hanleiter (1815-1897) was born in Savannah, Georgia, the fourth and youngest child of John Jacob Hanleiter, Jr. and Elizabeth McFarland. His father died shortly after his birth and his mother orphaned him at the age of eight. He was soon an apprentice in Savannah where his career as a printer developed. Hanleiter published newspapers and journals throughout the state including the Constitutionalist, Georgia Messenger, and The Southern Ladies Book, among others. In 1847 he moved to Atlanta and by 1852 began publishing the Atlanta Intelligencer. Hanleiter was active in Atlanta civic affairs, organizing the Gate City Guard, and serving on the Atlanta City Council and as a judge of the Inferior Court of Fulton County. Although he opposed secession, Hanleiter served in several Georgia units, most prominently in the Jo Thompson Artillery of Wright’s Legion, 38th Georgia Infantry Regiment. He eventually gained the rank of Colonel.

Eli H. Page

Eli H. Page diary, 1863-1864. Handwritten Civil War diary, soft cover, pocket sized, scanned and transcribed .

Elias Perry

Elias Perry of Dewitt, MO, was a 2nd lieutenant in Sherman's army on the march to the sea. Diary covers the period 12 November 1864 to 24 March 1865.

Winchester Byron Rudy

Winchester Byron Rudy was born on March 27, 1840, in Maysville, Kentucky, which is in Mason County. He enlisted in Company "C" of the 16th Kentucky Volunteer Infantry on August 10, 1861, and served in the army until January 27, 1865. The 16th Kentucky was mustered into U.S. (Union) service on January 27, 1862. In January 1864, he was reassigned to the 13th Kentucky, 23rd Army Corps for which he served in a Division headquarters' position until his discharge. Winchester Byron Rudy died February 27, 1920 in Maysville, Kentucky and was buried in the Mason County Cemetery.

William Legg Henderson journal #01, October 3, 1861 - February 25, 1862

William Legg Henderson journal #03, January 1 - December 31, 1863

William Legg Henderson journal #04, January 1 - July 20 1864

William Legg Henderson journal #05, July 13 - November 6, 1864

William Legg Henderson journal #06, November 8, 1864-May 14, 1865

William Legg Henderson journal #07, May 15 - June 7, 1865

William Legg Henderson journal #08, June 8-30, 1865

William Legg Henderson journal #09, July 1 - September 16, 1865

William Legg Henderson journal #10, September 16 - November 25, 1965

William Legg Henderson journal #11, November 26, 1865 - January 9, 1866

William Legg Henderson journal #12, January 10-30, 1866

William Legg Henderson was born in Old Deer, Aberdeenshire, Scotland on March 28, 1833. He came to America in 1846 and settled in Iowa in 1849. He married Clara J. Durno on March 27, 1856. He was the brother of David Bremner Henderson and Thomas Henderson. On September 22, 1861 he enlisted in Company C, 12th Iowa Volunteer Infantry, and was present with this company at Fort Donelson. He was a member of the Union Brigade at the siege of Corinth and at the battle of Corinth on October 3 and 4, 1862. Henderson was promoted to 1st Sergeant on April 1, 1863 and served at the Siege of Vicksburg, the Siege of Jackson, Brandon, Tupelo, and at Nashville where he commanded the company. Soon afterward he received a promotion as first Lieutenant, in which capacity he served most of the time until he mustered out on January 20, 1866. He was commissioned Captain, Company C on November 22, 1865 but owing to reduced numbers was not allowed to muster in.

William J. Stubblefield

Transcripts of the Civil War diary of William J. Stubblefield, father of Nathan B. Stubblefield. William Jefferson Stubblefield was an officer in Company G of the 7th Kentucky Mounted Infantry. The diary covers the time period from April 12, 1862 to September 19, 1862. In the diarys introduction he writes of camp life, the battle at Shiloh and contracting yellow fever. He criticizes conscription, the lack of supplies and endless marching. He mentions his regiment being shelled at Vicksburg, participating in a battle at Baton Rouge, Louisiana and the regiments retreat to Port Hudson, Louisiana. The diary ends with his return to Calloway County, Kentucky after suffering weeks from an illness, 1865

William J. Pittenger

The diary of William J. Pittenger, a soldier serving in the 93rd Illinois Infantry and the U. S. Army Signal Corps during the Civil War. The diary's entries span the first half of 1863 through 1864 and touch on such matters as camp life, the U. S. Army's advance down the Mississippi River, and the siege of Vicksburg. (Pittenger made no entries for most of March 1863, as he was bedridden with smallpox). The diary also contains names and addresses of Pittenger's comrades, records of financial transactions, and a list of soldiers from Co. D, 93rd Illinois Infantry killed at Champion Hill. William J. Pittenger, son of Abraham and Elizabeth Gladfelter Pittenger, was born in Ohio in 1838. While working as a Missouri schoolteacher in 1862, Pittenger enlisted in Company D of the 93rd Illinois Infantry. In February 1863, he was assigned to the U. S. Army Signal Corps. Pittenger contracted small pox one month later but resumed duties in April and participated in the siege of Vicksburg and, later, in Sherman's march to the sea. He mustered out with his regiment in June, 1865.

William J. Black Civil War Diary

William J. Black Civil War Diary transcript

William J. Black Civil War Diary and VMI Account Book, 1862-1865.  The collection consists of the one volume diary of Confederate soldier William J. Black. The diary entries date from October 1864 - January 1865, written while Black was serving in Captain John J. Shoemaker's Company, Virginia Horse Artillery. Included are brief accounts of various skirmishes and the Battle of Cedar Creek; campsites and positions are recorded daily. Following the diary entries are copies of two of Shoemaker's reports detailing Battery activities, dated September 1, 1864 (covering the period May - August) and December 25, 1864 (covering the period September - Dec 25). The front of the volume also contains Black's Virginia Military Institute account book, listing expenses incurred while a cadet (1862-1864) prior to joining Confederate Army. A printable full text transcription is available as a separate document in this collection.

William J. Creasey Diary, 1861-1862

The collection is a diary, 16 October 1861-29 July 1862, kept by Lieutenant William J. Creasey while he was serving with the 23rd Massachusetts Regiment. The entries include information on General Ambrose E. Burnside's invasion of eastern North Carolina, 1862, including landing at Cape Hatteras and Duck and Roanoke Islands, N.C., and battles in and around New Bern and Goldsboro, N.C. Entries also mention forts and other defenses, camp life, religion, and other matters.

William Hoskin

Diary of a Confederate soldier from Palmyra, MO, who served under Sterling Price and fought in battles in Missouri, Arkansas, Louisiana and Mississippi. Hoskin's diary describes these battles and the mundane routine of military life. Includes original and typescript of diary.

William Henry Baker's Civil War Diary, Aug. 15, 1862 - May, 1863

William Henry Baker's Civil War diary, May, 1863-December, 1863

William Henry Baker's Civil War diary, 1864

William Henry Baker's Civil War diary, November 8, 1864 - September 27, 1865

William Henry Baker (1843–1898), a farmer from the town of Linden in Iowa County, was still a teenager when he began keeping these diaries. He served as a private in Co. B of the 30th Wisconsin Infantry. The diaries were written in Camp Randall, Wisconsin, Minnesota, and Kentucky. Baker saw no combat, and describes tracking deserters, camp life, and guarding prisoners. He provides information about hospital conditions, training, food, rumors, alcohol consumption, and other aspects of daily life. Baker is rarely introspective and recorded very few reflections. He comments on public events such as the surrender of General Lee and assassination of Abraham Lincoln.

William H.H. Fisher

William H.H. Fisher was born in Rutland, Vermont, on 31 January 1841. During the American Civil War Fisher served in the Vermont Infantry, 7th Regiment, Company D, and was promoted to corporal on 4 March 1865. This diary details Fisher's time stationed in New Orleans, Louisiana, Alabama, and Texas and includes writings on camp activities, trips into New Orleans, writing letters to and receiving letters from his family, attending non-commissioned officers' school, the siege of Spanish Fort and occupation of Mobile, and monthly account pages that record his purchases and expenditures.

William H. Tillson Diary, 1863-1864

William H. Tillson was mustered into Company E, 84th Illinois Infantry Regiment, United States Army, on 1 September 1862. He was captured by Confederate troops while foraging for water on 21 September 1863, the day after the Battle of Chickamauga. He was eventually taken to Libby Prison in Richmond, Va., travelling through Chattanooga, Tenn.; Atlanta, Ga.; Augusta, Ga.; Columbia, S.C.; Charlotte, N.C. (which he mistakenly called Charlottesville); Raleigh, N.C.; and Petersburg, Va. He spent the next several months as a prisoner of war before being exchanged in April 1864. He was discharged from the Army due to wounds on 22 September 1864. The collection contains William H. Tillson's handwritten transcription of the diary that he kept, 1863-1864, while a prisoner of war. The diary describes his capture while foraging for water the day after the Battle of Chickamauga, where he was serving with the 84th Illinois Infantry Regiment; his transportation from Georgia to Virginia through various locations in the South; and his confinement in a warehouse adjoining Libby Prison in Richmond, Va. The diary details conditions within the prison and the reaction of southern soldiers and civilians to the captured Union soldiers.

Diary of William H. Perkins 1865

William H. Perkins 1865 (Sgt.) "Alexander's" Baltimore Light Artillery. (US) Born at Lewistown, in Frederick County, in 1841, he became a teacher, educating himself in local schools. After the war he studied medicine at the University of Maryland and the Long Island College Hospital of Medicine, in New York. He graduated in 1866. Moving to Hancock he established a very successful practice.
Perkins enlisted in the Baltimore Light Artillery Association, Maryland Volunteers, 14 August, 1862, and was appointed corporal of the day. After Antietam his battery was assigned to the Maryland Brigade, commanded by Brig. Gen. John R. Kenly, U.S. Volunteers, attached to the Eighth Army Corps, defending the upper Potomac. His conduct in various engagements, including Winchester, and Martinsburg, in 1862, and after Gettysburg, earned a promotion to sergeant. In 1864 he fought at Cedar Creek and the Monocacy.

William H. Mengel

William H. Mengel served in both the Missouri State Guard and Union Army. He enlisted in the Missouri State Guard in May 1861, and less than a month later, he joined the Cole County Home Guard. Mengel was taken prisoner at the Battle of Lexington where he fought against his old regiment. After being paroled, he joined the 26th Missouri Infantry, and was sent to Mississippi and Tennessee. Mengel survived the war, and kept post-war account records in the back of his diary. Mengel’s entries document his Civil War experience from 1861 through 1862.

James B. Weaver

James B. Weaver letters, 1860-1864. James B. Weaver was trained as a lawyer, entered the Civil War as a private and left as a brigadier general, was an attorney general, tax assessor, and newspaper editor in Iowa, was elected to Congress, and was twice a presidential candidate, for the Greenback and Populist parties.

James F. Dargan 

James F. Dargan served as a Union solder in the US Civil War. Between September 17, 1862 and August 27, 1863 he kept a diary which includes descriptions of his enlistment, camp life, gossip about fellow soldiers, military discipline, and other aspects of his service. Scattered throughout the diary are lines of verse, original sketches, clippings from various sources, pressed flowers, ribbons, cards, and other ephemera.

James H. Linsley Diary vol. 1

James H. Linsley Diary vol. 1 transcript

James H. Linsley Diary vol. 2

James H. Linsley Diary vol. 2 transcript

The diary of Lieutenant James H. Linsley of the 10th Connecticut. His diary (two volumes) begins with an entry for November 4, 1862 and continues with sporadic entries through July 29, 1864. In the first volume, Linsley writes extensively about his experiences in North Carolina, being stationed on ship off North Carolina, 1862-1863, describing skirmishes there. The second volume (commencing September 6, 1863) covers action off the coast of South Carolina and his arrival in Florida for duty at St. Augustine.

James Robertson diary vol. 1

James Robertson diary vol. 2

James Robertson diary vol. 3

James Robertson was a native of Clifton, Iowa, in Louisa County. He was a private in Company C, 8th Iowa Infantry, was taken prisoner at the battle of Shiloh and hospitalized in Nashville, Tennessee's University Hospital. The diary details his travels, thoughts, purchases, and transcriptions of some poetry and verse. The collection contains three of Robertson's personal diaries: two personal diaries from 1861-1862 and an account book ca. 1860. Diaries detail his travels, thoughts, purchases, and transcriptions of some poetry and verse. Although the diaries are preprinted with the dates 1856, 1858, and 1861, he appears to have used them at later dates than those for which they were intended. Pages not included here are either blank or missing.

James B. Weaver

James B. Weaver letters, 1860-1864. James B. Weaver was trained as a lawyer, entered the Civil War as a private and left as a brigadier general, was an attorney general, tax assessor, and newspaper editor in Iowa, was elected to Congress, and was twice a presidential candidate, for the Greenback and Populist parties.

Dr. James Theodore Reeve, Private Journal, 1861-1862

Dr. James Theodore Reeve, Private Journal, 1863-1864

Dr. James Theodore Reeve, Private Journal, 1864-1865

Dr. James Theodore Reeve, Miscellaneous Medical Records, 1863-1865, pt. 1

Dr. James Theodore Reeve, Miscellaneous Medical Records, 1863-1865, pt. 2

James T. Reeve Appleton doctor James T. Reeve (1834-1906) was the surgeon of the 10th Wisconsin Infantry and later of the 21st Wisconsin Infantry. His diaries encompass the years 1861 to 1865, with several months missing. The first volume covers November 1, 1861 to May 5, 1862 and describes his first months in the army. At Chickamauga he refused to leave the wounded and was captured. The second volume dates from December 18, 1863 to April 6, 1864, and describes his time in Libby Prison, Sherman's advance on Atlanta, and the battles of Resaca and Kennesaw Mountain. The third diary dates from October 1864 to December 1865 and describes Sherman's March to the Sea, the campaign through the Carolinas, and Reeve's return to Wisconsin. After the war he returned to Appleton, where he died in 1906.

James W. Hoffman

1861-1863 Diary transcript of James W. Hoffman. In this diary, he discusses joining his regiment, riding on the railroad, soldier life, picket duty, dress parades, illnesses, riding a steamboat, his horse, skirmishes, visiting locals, African Americans, the Battle of Iuka, Confederate prisoners of war, sutlers, the Battle of Corinth, the weather, having a boil, and finances. Military Service Note: Hoffman, James W. (Veteran). Macomb County. Enlisted in company F, Third Cavalry, Sept. 30, 1861, at Detroit, for 3 years, age 19. Mustered Oct. 12, 1861. Re-enlisted Jan. 19, 1864, at La Grange, Tenn. Mustered Jan. 27, 1864. Sergeant Dec. 15, 1864. Mustered out at San Antonio, Texas, Feb. 12, 1866.

Jeffrey Thomas Wilson

Jeffrey Thomas Wilson (1843-1929) was a former slave who spent most of his life in and around Portsmouth and Norfolk, Virginia. He outlived four wives and had at least twelve children. Wilson's diaries include entries on a range of topics from local news and politics, race issues in the South, and much of his personal history. The 1913 diary contains extra pages on which Wilson recorded events from that date in the past. According to his obituary, he learned to read and write in secret. Based on his diary, he was the body servant of A[lexander]. P. Grice, likely the son of his owner, who served with Company A, Cohoon's Battalion, Virginia Infantry, at least during a part of 1862. In 1866, after being freed, Wilson enlisted and went to Europe with the U.S. Navy. When he returned home, he lived in the house he inherited from his mother. Wilson worked at the Portsmouth Navy Yard, as a laborer, and as a bailiff for the Federal Court at Norfolk. In his later years, from 1924 until his death in 1929, he wrote a column called "Colored Notes" for The Portsmouth Star. The column included social news, Wilson's political views, and issues of race relations--all themes that occur throughout his diaries. Wilson was active in the Emmanuel AME Church in Portsmouth, where he taught Sunday school. In June of 1929, Wilson was hit by a car. He died at his son's home, two months later, on August 25, 1929. Entries for the 1913 diary were kept in a Wanamaker's Diary (produced by the department store chain) actually designed for 1911. As a result, Wilson has hand-corrected the days of the week throughout to reflect 1913. The diary includes advertisements, as well as a history of the Wanamaker stores. In addition to the entries recorded (two to a page), throughout the year, Wilson attached additional pages to continue writing. Many of these consists of reminiscences of his life in previous years on topics from the Civil War, his service in the U. S. Navy, segregation and race issues in Portsmouth and Norfolk, and local news. He also writes of daily events: his family's health, church events, the weather, and his frequent concerns about money.

Jenkins Lloyd Jones

An Artilleryman's Diary by Jenkins Lloyd Jones.  Jenkin Lloyd Jones (1843-1918) was born in Wales but grew up in Ixonia, Jefferson County. As soon as he turned 18 he enlisted as a private in the 6th Wisconsin Light Artillery. This 400-page book consists of his diary entries throughout the war. Jones describes the reality of daily life for soldiers in the field in detail and with good humor. He also recounts the Battle of Corinth, the sieges of Vicksburg and Chattanooga, and the battles at Champion Hill, Lookout Mountain and Missionary Ridge. After the war, Jones was ordained and served as pastor of the Unitarian Church in Janesville and of All Souls Church in Chicago. A militant pacifist and social reformer, he believed in ethical rather than theological unanimity while promoting the ideal of universal religion.

Henry E. Skaggs

Henry E. Skaggs joined the United States Military in September of 1862 at the age of thirty-three where he was enlisted as a Sergeant into Company C of the 1st Missouri Cavalry. Skaggs observed and chronicled his perspective of the Civil War from latter half of 1862 to mid 1864. Skaggs documented his travels throughout Missouri and Arkansas noting skirmishes and battles that he encountered, including The Battle of Bayou Meto (AR 1863)" He wrote about a variety of experiences; that ranged from escorting General James Totten, to witnessing the execution of a rebel spy. These are a diary and papers, 1862-1865, of Henry Ellison Skaggs, pertaining to his service in the 1st Missouri Cavalry in Missouri and Arkansas during the Civil War. Included are a diary, two letters from Little Rock, Arkansas, a photograph of Skaggs in uniform, and a group of prayers. There are also correspondence concerning his military pension, 1893-1895, and genealogical data.

Henry Pollard Whipple

Henry Pollard Whipple (1838-1921) was a farmer in Waterloo, Wisconsin, when he enlisted in Co. A of the 29th Wisconsin Infantry. In 1906 he published this pamphlet recounting his experiences. Pages 1-75 reproduce his diary dating from Jan. 1, 1863, to Aug. 12, 1865. Pages 76-80 consist of recollected anecdotes. Whipple took part in the Siege of Vicksburg and in the battles of Port Gibson, Champion Hill, Jackson, Spanish Fort and Fort Blakely. His brief diary entries discuss the black market in cotton, traveling by steamer, camp life, sickness among the troops, lack of rations, and frequent skirmishing. He also describes rivalry between regiments, persistent boredom, confusion about Lincoln's assassination, and yellow fever in New Orleans.

Henry F. Dillman

Henry F. Dillman Diary.Describes troop movement of the Indiana 31st, Co. G., battles fought in, and the dead and wounded from the company.

Henry Squire

The 1863 diary of Henry Squire, 72nd New York Infantry and includes entries from January through July. Early entries detail camp life, war news, and in particular, playing baseball and boxing, an inspection by Lincoln, and camp rumors (from March 'Gen. Lee [was] dead and [Stonewall] Jackson had been wounded'). Entries during the first part of May talk about Squire's experiences while at Libby Prison in Richmond. He was captured at Chancellorsville May 3rd and paroled May 13.

Henry Stanley Diary

Henry Stanley Diary transcript

Diary of Henry Stanley, Quartermaster Sergeant, Company H, 20th Connecticut Volunteers, Georgia.

Perry P. Powell

The collection consists of a diary that Perry P. Powell kept during the year 1865. The diary begins January 1, 1865 while 20 year-old Powell is still at home in Waukegan, Illinois. He enlists on February 20, 1865 and starts for Camp Butler in Springfield, Illinois. He arrives in Memphis, Tennessee on March 6. He describes several events such as the celebration over the capture of Richmond and General Lee, the assassination of Abraham Lincoln, the explosion of the steamer Sultana in the Mississippi River, and the capture of Jefferson Davis. On July 24, 1865 he mustered out and returned home where he continued farming. In September, 1865 he traveled to Blairstown, Iowa to open a store with partner, Oliver Bluffington. The diary describes the stocking and opening of the store, the town, and the townspeople. Perry P. Powell was a Union soldier in the 1st Illinois Light Artillery, Battery G. America's Turning Point: Documenting the Civil War Experience in Georgia received support from a Digitizing Historical Records grant awarded to the Atlanta History Center, Georgia Historical Society, Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, and the Digital Library of Georgia by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission. The collection consists of a diary that Perry P. Powell kept during the year 1865. The diary begins January 1, 1865 while 20 year-old Powell is still at home in Waukegan, Illinois. He enlists on February 20, 1865 and starts for Camp Butler in Springfield, Illinois. He arrives in Memphis, Tennessee on March 6. He describes several events such as the celebration over the capture of Richmond and General Lee, the assassination of Abraham Lincoln, the explosion of the steamer Sultana in the Mississippi River, and the capture of Jefferson Davis. On July 24, 1865 he mustered out and returned home where he continued farming. In September, 1865 he traveled to Blairstown, Iowa to open a store with partner, Oliver Bluffington. The diary describes the stocking and opening of the store, the town, and the townspeople. Perry P. Powell was a Union soldier in the 1st Illinois Light Artillery, Battery G.

Philip H. Conard diary, 1864-1865

Conard was mustered into Company A of the 135th Regiment of the National Guard of Ohio on May 8, 1864, and left the army in September.

Robert Augustus Moore Diary (Volume 1)

Robert Augustus Moore Diary (Volume 2)

Robert Augustus Moore Diary (Volume 3)

Diary (Volume 1).  Written from in from Moore's time in Corinth, MS through his journey to Virginia and early camps, this diary details Moore's daily activities. Parts of this volume are unpublished poems, letters from friends & daily routine of camp life in a schedule form.

Diary (Volume 2). Written daily from in Goose Creek, Leesburg, Culpeper & the company's Winter quarters, diary details Moore's activities. Also provides an Army listing, 12 January 1862, and 1860 census information.

Diary (Volume 3).  Written from various locations in Virginia, Gettysburg & Chickamauga, this diary details Moore's daily activities. Moore died at the Battle of Chickamauga, 20 September 1863, at the age of 25.

Robert M. Lusher diary, 1862

Robert M. Lusher diary, 1863

Robert M. Lusher diary, 1863-1864

Robert M. Lusher diary, 1863. Lusher's 1863 diary includes daily activities in performance of duties as clerk of the Confederate States District Court and chief tax collector for Louisiana during the Civil War.

Robert M. Lusher diary, 1863-1864. Lusher's 1863-1864 diary includes daily activities in performance of duties as clerk of the Confederate States District Court and chief tax collector for Louisiana during the Civil War.

Robert M. Lusher diary, 1862 diary includes daily activities in performance of duties as clerk of the Confederate States District Court and chief tax collector for Louisiana during the Civil War.

Robert Memminger Campbell

Robert Memminger Campbell civil war diary, 10 May 1862 - 26 July 1862. The collection consists of Robert Memminger Campbell's diary, with entries spanning from 10 May 1862 to 26 July 1862. In the diary, Campbell describes life while stationed in Camp Jackson, Virginia, his journey through Virginia, and his encampment outside of Richmond. He records in great detail observations on the weather, rations, the countryside, his thoughts on the validity of the Confederacy, reports of battles and illnesses, descriptions of his Company's bivouacs, interactions with civilians in Virginia, and his relationships with other soldiers and officers.

Robert S. Martin

Diary of Robert S. Martin, Company G, 47th Illinois Infantry.

Samuel Stott

This is the 1865 diary of Samuel Stott who served with Company D, 3rd New York Cavalry during the Civil War. The diary includes reference to the assassination of Abraham Lincoln.

Samuel T. Dolen Diary, 1862-1865

The diary of Private Samuel T. Dolen covers his service in the 89th Ohio Infantry Regiment of the United States Army from the time he volunteered in August 1862 until he was mustered out in June 1865 after the Civil War had ended. The pocket diary consists of almost daily entries documenting the distances he traveled and areas through which he traveled. Although Dolen's regiment missed the battle at Fort Donelson, Tenn., in February 1863, he arrived afterwards and described the dead on the battlefield. He briefly described the burning of Atlanta, Ga., and the Battle of Jonesboro, Ga. After the regiment traveled to Savannah, Ga., it headed to North Carolina where Dolen was involved in skirmishes from Goldsboro, N.C., to Raleigh, N.C.. On 13 April 1865, he learned of Lincoln's assassination and the declaration of peace. In May 1865, his regiment headed to Washington, D.C., for the Grand Review of the Armies. Dolan mentioned visiting several sites while there, including the Capitol and the Smithsonian Institute. Although most of Dolen's diary concerns the advancement of his regiment, he sometimes briefly mentioned aspects of military life, including food, pay, and the weather. Also included are song lyrics, such as "Carry Me Back to Old Virginny," "Marching through Georgia," and "Sherman's March to the Sea," and other songs about plantation life; what seem to be accounts for Dolen's work as a carpenter, including names, dates, items, and amounts paid to him; a list of names of officers in the regiment; a list of soldiers with information on their deaths, resignations, or dischargs from the army; and a clothing account with dates, clothing items, and prices. A "card of distances," showing distances by railroad between several cities, was enclosed with the diary.

Sherman Lincoln

Civil War diary of Sherman Lincoln dated 1861-1862. In this diary, he discusses morale, joining his regiment, sailing from New York, attending church, organizing a soldier school, picket duty, inspection, the movements of his regiment, food, a boy being shot, and sightseeing around Washington, D.C., . Also included is a list of supplies from the government and a list of expenses.

Edward T. Beall

Diary of sixteen year old soldier Edward T. Beall, covering period September 1862 -October 1863. Very brief entries concerning regimental activities (miles marched, location of camps, etc.). The volume begins with a short biographical sketch of Beall's early life. The volume also contains poetry/song: "When This Cruel War is Over", "The Little Girl", "Lieutenant General Jackson"

Edwin A. Loosley

Pocket diary including daily entries and expense ledger.

Elisha J. Bracken

This collection contains the Civil War diary of Elisha J. Bracken who served in Company C of the Pennsylvania Volunteers, 100th Regiment. Additionally, the collections contains photocopies of a portrait of Bracken, a poem written by Bracken, and a transcript for the diary. Bracken died battle in Spotsylvania, Virginia, on May 12, 1864.

Elisha R. Reed

Writings of Elisha R. Reed, Company H, 2nd Wisconsin Infantry Regiment, consisting of a journal, July 1861-May 1862, written while a prisoner at Tuscaloosa, Alabama and Salisbury, North Carolina; and an essay titled "General Lee at Gettysburg".

Elizabeth Christie Brown

Elizabeth Christie Brown Diary 1853-63

Wise-Clark family papers, December 1864-February 1865

Wise-Clark family papers, May-July 1865

Family papers consisting of correspondence on life in Iowa and Illinois in the Civil War era and beyond.

William E. Stork Diary vol. 1

William E. Stork Diary vol. 2

William E. Stork Diary vol. 1:  Daily experiences of William E. Stork as he recounts the towns he travelled through, the mileage covered, and the expenses incurred during his tenure with the military; his enlistment of January 1865; his arrival in Knoxville, Tennesee; attempts to learn the bugle; recognition of Robert E. Lee's surrender and Abraham Lincoln's death; his duty moving refugees across the river in Decatur, Illinois, near Fletcher's Ferry and ensuing duties transporting and guarding rebel prisoners; his daily life of washing clothes in the river and picking berries; the arrival of the U.S. Colored Artillery which would relieve them of duty; mustering out of the military September 27, 1865, and details of his trip home; his visit to the Belmont Gardens and Minnehaha Falls; his ride on the War Eagle and return to Brownsville; his work on the farm making repairs before leaving for Milwaukee, Wisconsin, to study at the Commercial College; his political timeline and financial information.

William E. Stork Diary vol. 2: Daily experiences of William E. Stork at Bryant Stratton and Spencer's Commercial School in Milwaukee, Wisconsin; the reconstruction era of the Civil War, and farming in southern Minnesota. Events of particular interest include his work near Vicksburg, Mississippi, cutting wood, clearing brush, and working on the ice boat; the difficulties of getting food rations and payment during this time; news of his sister Ann's death in May of 1866 and the ensuing difficulties getting home via steamer with a fever; farm labor that included slaughtering hogs, digging potatoes, plowing fields, digging wells and placing stones, and taking grain to the mill; visits with his mother, Grace Stork, and siblings Rosalie, Charley, Edwin, Adaline, and Aaron; notes of natural events like the first frost October 22 and snowstorms; teaching school at the Stone School House beginning December 3 and the ensuing spelling and singing schools; serving as Clerk of the Board of Supervisors and holding special town meetings in 1867.

A Diary of the 30th Regiment, Wisconsin Volunteers

This 110-page book about the 30th Wisconsin Infantry lists all field and staff officers, sergeants, corporals, musicians, wagoners and privates of Companies A-K, including when and where they enlisted. The men of this regiment hailed from the Chippewa Valley, Saint Croix, Waukesha and Iowa counties. It includes only a a brief one-page history of the regiment’s duties, such as guarding the transports in the 'Indian Expedition' in the upper Missouri River.

William Bircher

A Drummer-Boys Diary: Four Years of Service with the Second Regiment Minnesota Veteran Volunteers, 1861 to 1865.

Aaron Pugh

Aaron Pugh letters, 1863-1864. Letters written from near Waverly, Tennessee describing enemy attacks, camp life and activities, and his impressions of the state; includes a letter from Eli Keeler telling of Pugh’s capture; and two printed documents concerning Pugh as Enrolling Officer for Marcy Township, Boone County, Iowa.

William P. Ames

Handwritten account of the Battle of Bull Run, 1861.

Civil War Diary of Gideon Welles, Vol. 1, 1911

Civil War Diary of Gideon Welles, Vol. 2, 1911

Civil War Diary of Gideon Welles, Vol. 3, 1911

Gideon Welles’s 1861 appointment as secretary of the navy placed him at the hub of Union planning for the Civil War and in the midst of the powerful personalities vying for influence in Abraham Lincoln’s cabinet. 

Anne Fannie Gorham

Anne Fannie Gorham diary 1861 Dec. 30-1862 July 13.  The Anne Fannie Gorham Diary Collection consists of a transcript of Hamilton, Georgia resident Anne Fannie Gorham, which describes her daily life in Hamilton, Georgia at the beginning of the Civil War. The diary begins in December 30, 1861 and ends with July 13, 1862 with an entry for every day. Gorham details visits to her sisters' houses, books she was reading, sewing, and the Civil War.

Anson R. Butler

Anson R. Butler letters, 1861-1900. Primarily correspondence from Butler to his wife while he was serving with the 26th Iowa Infantry Regiment during the Civil War.

Richard Ramsey Hancock

Hancock’s Diary or A History of the Second Tennessee Cavalry, C.S.A., with Sketches of First and Second Battalions, 1887.

Bartlett Yancey Malone

Bartlett Yancey Malone was born in Caswell County, North Carolina in 1838. In 1861, when he was twenty-three, he left farming to enter the Civil War. He fought with the 6th North Carolina regiment throughout Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania, rising in the ranks from private to sergeant. On November 7, 1863 he was captured by the Union Army and imprisoned at Point Lookout, Maryland, where he remained until February 24, 1865. The Diary of Bartlett Yancey Malone offers readers the voice of one Confederate soldier among the thousands whose experiences and impressions have gone unheard. Reported in a simple and matter-of-fact manner, the diary begins, its editor notes, as a weather report catalogued by an experienced farmer transplanted abruptly from cornfield to battlefield. Many of the daily accounts in the first half of the journal contain descriptive phrases about the weather. However, as Malone grows as a soldier, so do the length, depth, and content of his entries. His persistent journal habits include notations on his diet, his regiment's marches, and biblical texts referred to in the sermons he hears. Interestingly, his rudimentary spelling throughout the diary gives way to more formal prose in the few sentimental poems he includes and likely composed. Of particular interest to scholars is Malone's account of his time in prison at Point Lookout, which offers a glimpse into the hardships Confederate soldiers endured in Northern prisons. Malone ends his diary upon his return home to Caswell County in March 1865.

Albert Cross

Civil War diary of Albert Cross, 1862.

Augustus Cleveland Brown

Diary of a Line Officer by Captain Augustus Cleveland Brown, Company H, Fourth New York Heavy Artillery.

C.W. Bardeen

A Little Fifer’s War Diary, an autobiographical memoir about his experiences during the American Civil War.

Charles H. Lynch

The Civil War Diary of Charles H. Lynch, 18th Connecticut Volunteers.

Cyrus Bussey

This collection consists of one thirty-six page document where Bussey details his exploits as an officer with the Iowa Cavalry.  Bussey refers to himself in the third person in this laudatory discussion of his experience with the Army of the Southwest, including his encounters with Colonels Van Dorn, McCulloch, and McIntosh; Generals Osterhaus, Fremont, Steele, Sherman, and Grant; Major William C. Drake, Lt. Col. Frimble, Captain Thomas J. Taylor, Lt. A. H. Griswold and Union spy William Miller.

Diary and Letters of Rutherford Birchard Hayes vol. 2, 1861-65

Rutherford B. Hayes kept a diary from age twelve to his death at age 70 in 1893. He was one of only three presidents to keep a diary while in office. The edited diaries and letters were published in 1922 as a set of five volumes. This volume covers the Civil War years.

Francis Fearn

Diary of a Refugee, edited by Frances Fearn, is the diary of Fearn's mother, a white southern slave holding woman, recounting her experiences during and after the Civil War.

Dolly Sumner Burge

A woman's wartime journal; an account of the passage over a Georgia plantation of Sherman's army on the march to the sea, as recorded in the diary of Dolly Sumner Lunt (1918).

Dora Richards Miller

War Diary of a Union Woman in the South: 1860-63. George Washington Cable, ed.

Sarah Morgan Dawson

A Confederate Girl's Diary by Sarah Morgan Dawson, 1842-1909.

Draughton Stith Haynes

The field diary of a Confederate soldier, while serving with the Army of Northern Virginia, C. S. A.

Edward Porter Alexander

Voluminous postwar correspondence with other officers concerning a proposed history of Longstreet's corps and preparation of Alexander's memoirs (published 1907), drafts of the manuscript and other writings, speeches, and collected histories of various army units.

Elvira Ascenith Weir Scott, Diary, 1860-1887

Diary of a Miami, MO, woman including descriptive observations on the themes of home, family, and religion, as well as the impact of the Civil War on life in her own community and region.

Elizabeth Collier Diary, 1861-1865

Elizabeth Collier was a young woman who lived at Everittsville, a village near Goldsboro, N.C. In 1865, she took refuge in Hillsborough, N.C. The collection contains the Civil War diary of Collier, which details her reactions to the war.

Elvira J. Powers

Hospital pencillings- being a diary while in Jefferson General Hospital, Jeffersonville, Ind., and others at Nashville, Tennessee, as matron and visitor (1866).

Elvira J. Powers

Hospital pencillings- being a diary while in Jefferson General Hospital, Jeffersonville, Ind., and others at Nashville, Tennessee, as matron and visitor (1866).

Emanuel Stott

This is the 65 page diary of Private Emanuel Stott of the 52nd Illinois Volunteer Infantry from February 16th to June 3rd, 1864. Diary includes descriptions of military life as a new recruit in the Union Army during the Civil War. The diary also mentions the hanging of Sergeant John Myers of the 7th Illinois, the battles of Snake Creek Gap and Resaca, and various skirmishes about Atlanta during the spring of 1864.

Emilie Quiner diary

Emilie Quiner diary transcript

Madison resident Emilie Quiner describes her life as a Madison school teacher, a student at Normal School, the Madison social scene and reactions to the Civil War, and her experiences caring for soldiers at a Union hospital in Memphis, Tennessee, during July and August 1863.

Emma LeConte Diary, 1864-1865

Emma Florence LeConte was the daughter of scientist Joseph LeConte. The collection is the diary of Emma LeConte while she was living in Columbia, S.C. In the diary, LeConte reflected on the Civil War and other matters and wrote about various activities and events, such as the burning of Columbia.

Erich Pape Quartermaster's Account Book, 1862

Quartermaster's account book of Lieutenant Erich Pape, Company K, 3rd M. S. M. Cavalry (new), 1862.  Includes accounts of military equipment and clothing for members of Company K, diary entries for Company K for the month of June (year not provided), and brief entries regarding the operations of the 12th M. S. M. Cavalry in southeast Missouri in September 1862.

Ethan Allen Hitchcock

In the War for the Union, declining on account of age and ill health the command of the army in the field and insisting that it be given to General Grant, he became the military adviser of Secretary Stanton and Mr. Lincoln, and directed many of the most important movements. During the war he kept a continuous diary, filled with graphic descriptions of detail and estimates of methods and of men,

Eugene R. Sly Diary, 1864

Eugene R. Sly Diary transcript, 1864

Handwritten Civil War diary, soft cover, pocket sized, scanned and transcribed.

Federal soldier’s diary (1862-1863)

This is a diary believed to have been written by a soldier of the 44th Massachusetts from December 11, 1862  to February 8, 1863. It includes descriptions of camp activities, marches and the aftermath of the Battle of Kinton on Dec. 14, 1862 and the Battle of White Hall.

Francis Davis Millet

Francis Davis Millet recounts his experiences as Assistant Contract Surgeon attached to the U.S. Army, stationed in the 60th Massachusetts Volunteers at Camp Burnside, Indianapolis, Indiana.

Francis Fairbank Audsley

Francis Fairbank Audsley (1835-1922) and Harriet Elizabeth Audsley (1840-1924), Papers, 1862-1912, n.d.  The papers of Francis Audsley, a farmer in Saline and Carroll counties in Missouri and a Union soldier during the Civil War, and his wife Harriet E. consist of the Audsleys's correspondence during the Civil War, 1863-1865

Frank J. Mattimore

Diary of Dr. Frank J. Mattimore, Assistant Surgeon, 18th NY Volunteer Infantry.  Leatherbound diary approximately 9cm x 15.5 cm; first hand-written penciled chronicling various duties as surgeon. Diary and notebook of Frank J. Mattimore, Assistant Surgeon, 18th New York Volunteer Infantry. Mattimore's diary entries began August 11, 1862.

Frank Malcom letters, 1864

Frank Malcom letters, 1865

Frank Malcolm, Iowa Infantry Regiment, 7th (1861-1865). Company D.

Charles S. Wainwright

A diary of battle; the personal journals of Colonel Charles S. Wainwright, 1861-1865. Edited by Allan Nevins.

Ferdinando H.Coppernoll Diary and typescript, 1863-1864

Ferdinando H. Coppernoll, Union Civil War soldier, fought in Company B, 75th Regiment of the New York Volunteers.

G. L. MacMurphy Diary 1860/1863

G. L. MacMurphy Diary 1864/1865

G. L. MacMurphy Diary 1862/1863

1860/1863: Diary of G. L. MacMurphy of Galveston, Texas, describing events of the Civil War from his perspective as a soldier. Also included in the back of the diary are lists of other soldiers.

1864/1865: Diary of G. L. MacMurphy of Galveston, Texas, describing events of the Civil War from his perspective as a soldier. Parts of the diary were written in Chattanooga, Tennessee, and a list in the back of the diary has the names of soldiers and whether they had died or deserted.

1862/1863: Diary of G. L. MacMurphy of Galveston, Texas, describing events of the Civil War from his perspective as a soldier. Parts of the diary were written in Chattanooga, Tennessee.

Frances A. Murdoch

A journal maintained by Frances A. 'Fannie' Murdoch, a young woman living on a Mississippi plantation during the Civil War. Containing approximately 90 pages, the journal commences with an entry dated May 29, 1861. The journal is largely introspective in nature, as Murdoch dwells on personal feelings, focusing heavily on her religious beliefs. She often questions her worthiness and chastises herself for sins, frequently mentioning her quick temper. At the same time, Murdoch takes pride in the evening Bible studies she conducts with the plantation's slaves. Murdoch also describes the weather and often refers to siblings Willie, Jonnie and Sallie, as well as various relatives, servants and neighbors. As the Civil War commences, Murdoch very briefly mentions reports from Harpers Ferry and Philippi, Virginia. After the Battle of Manassas, her entries focus more on war rumors and news. She mentions a personal telegram received by acquaintances from President Davis, relaying news of the Confederate victory at Manassas, and Davis' proclamation for a day of prayer and fasting. On April 18, 1862, Murdoch expresses thanks for what she considers a Confederate victory at Shiloh, while at the same time disagreeing with those who believe the war's end may soon be drawing near. '...I think we have just begun this long dreary war,' she writes. 'Still we must fight on, our lives, our homes, our lands, our slaves, depend on the end of this matter.' As the war progresses, she becomes ever less hopeful of victory and mentions a prophecy that the war will last four years and result in the reunification of the states. She relays secondhand but somewhat lengthy descriptions of a battle between the Natchez militia and a Union gunboat, the death of Colonel Stuart Wilkins Fisk at the Battle of Murfreesboro, and the plundering of Bruinsburg by Union soldiers. Elsewhere, she reports the surrenders of New Orleans and Vicksburg. On a few occasions, Murdoch expresses her fear of a slave insurrection but feels confident that slaves Ben or Henry would save her and brother Jonnie, 'as they say they like us so much.' Elsewhere, Murdoch deplores the torture used on Natchez slaves to elicit information about rumored plans for an uprising. On May 3, 1863, she notes that many of the family's slaves have departed, averring that they had forgotten how well they were treated by the family and comparing them to a fly being lured by a spider--the lure in this case being the promise of eleven dollars a month. Also on this date, Murdoch notes that the carriage horses are all gone, and she feels in danger of being 'outraged and insulted at any time.' After intermittent entries made during the next several months, the journal ends on October 12, 1863.

Franklin W. Fuller

Franklin W. Fuller's Civil War Diary, February 15-March 26, 1864.  Franklin W. Fuller of Pecatonica, Illinois served in the 74th Illinois Infantry Regiment. Fuller kept a diary during his three years of service. In this diary from mid-February to the end of March 1864, Fuller records his experiences in and around Huntsville, Alabama. The diary includes detailed descriptions of camp life, drills, holding Confederate prisoners, military and dress parades, and standing guard at the mill. This diary is a rich resource on the life of a Civil War soldier.

Frederick August Kullman

Corporal Frederick August Kullman, a soldier in the 13th Missouri Cavalry, kept this journal recording the conclusion of the American Civil War. Kullman recorded his perspective as a German-American soldier in the Union Army. His diary describes social interactions, camp life, and leisure activates of a Union soldier. Kullman also gave his thoughts on Abraham Lincoln’s assassination and other national events. Kullman ended his diary in late April 1865 with news of Joseph E. Johnston’s surrender. Twenty-seven years later, Kullman began recording his daily activities again in the fall of 1892.

Edward Clifford Anderson Papers, 1845-1865

Edward Clifford Anderson Papers, Diary, 1861-1862

Edward Clifford Anderson Papers, Diary, Diary, 2 November 1863-13 November 1864

Anderson was an officer in the United States Navy during the 1830s and 1840s, but apparently resigned to become a planter in Georgia, residing in Savannah. During the Civil War, he served as a Confederate Army officer, initially as a purchasing agent in England and later commanding the river batteries in the Georgia Military District with headquarters in Savannah. After the war, he was mayor of Savannah, representative of Hope Mutual Insurance Company of New York, and director of the Atlantic and Gulf Railroad Company and the Central Railroad and Canal Company of Georgia.

James H. Hougland

Civil War diary of James H. Hougland, Company G., 1st Indiana Cavalry, for the year 1862. Transcription and foreword by Oscar F. Curtis.

Robert Garlick Hill Kean

Inside the Confederate Government; the diary of Robert Garlick Hill Kean, head of the Bureau of War. Edited by Edward Younger.

Floride Clemson

A rebel came home; the diary of Floride Clemson tells of her wartime adventures in Yankeeland, 1863-64, her trip home to South Carolina.

Wirt Armistead Cate

Two soldiers; the campaign diaries of Thomas J. Key, C. S. A., December 7, 1863-May 17, 1865, and Robert J. Campbell, U. S. A., January 1, 1864-July 21, 1864; edited, with an introduction, notes, and maps, by Wirt Armistead Cate.

Owen Johnston Hopkins

Under the flag of the Nation; diaries and letters of a Yankee volunteer in the Civil War. Edited by Otto F. Bond.

John Jackson Kellogg

War experiences and the story of the Vicksburg campaign from "Milliken's Bend" to July 4, 1863; being an accurate and graphic account of campaign events taken from the diary of Capt. J.J. Kellogg, of Co. B 113th Illinois volunteer infantry. 

Salmon P. Chase

Inside Lincoln's Cabinet; the Civil War diaries of Salmon P. Chase. Edited by David Donald

Salmon P. Chase

Diary and Correspondence of Salmon P. Chase. Annual Report of the American Historical Association for the Year 1902. Vol. 2, 1903

Alfred L. Castleman

The Army of the Potomac. Behind the scenes. A diary of unwritten history; from the organization of the army to the close of the campaign in Virginia. by Castleman, Alfred L. (Alfred Lewis), 1809-1877. Published 1863

George A. Cook, 27th NY Volunteer Infantry Regiment_diary_trans.

George A. Cook, 27th NY Volunteer Infantry Regiment diary

The diary of George A. Cook covers the period from Jan. 1, 1862 to Oct. 25, 1862.

George Anderson Mercer diary Volume 5, June 1860-June 1885

George Anderson Mercer diary Transcription Volume 2, 15 June 1860-17 December 1865

George Anderson Mercer diary Volume 3, 3 March 1862-14 September 1863, original

George Anderson Mercer diary Volume 3, 3 March 1862-14 September 1863, typed copy

George Anderson Mercer (1835-1907) was a Confederate officer and lawyer of Savannah, Ga. Mercer kept his diary intermittently during his time as a student in Savannah, Ga., and New Haven, Conn., at Princeton University, and at the University of Virginia, where he studied law. Included are entries relating to hunting and observations of birds; accounts of his Confederate military experiences in Savannah, 1861-1864, the Atlanta Campaign, 1864, service with Mercer's and Wright's division in Georgia and South Carolina, his capture in Macon, Ga., and return from prison to Savannah, 1864-1865; and his postwar work, social life, family affairs, reading and study, and reactions to current events and ideas.

George Augustus Sala,  My diary in America in the midst of war, Vol. 1 (1865)

George Augustus Sala,  My diary in America in the midst of war, Vol. 2 (1865)

George Augustus Sala was a journalist, travel writer, and essayist, and had worked as a painter and illustrator before turning to journalism. He was the London Daily telegraph correspondent during the American Civil War and was a contributor to Dickens' Household words. Sala published My diary in America during the Civil War in 1865.

George D. Wise

Civil War Diary of Confederate soldier George D. Wise. He served as captain in the Confederate States Army during the Civil War. He was Commonwealth's attorney of the city of Richmond from 1870 to 1889, when he resigned.

George Falconer – Albert Ellithorpe

This diary belonged to George Falconer of Col J. J. Clarkson's Confederate Cavalry, and Albert Ellithorpe of the Indian Home Guards, 1st Kansas Infantry. Ellithorpe captured the diary from Falconer during the Battle of Locust Grove on July 3, 1862." The majority of the diary is written by Ellithorpe and provides his accounts of engagements with Confederate soldiers, Kansas politics, and bushwhackers.

George H. Gordon - War Diary of Events in the War of the Great Rebellion. 1863-1865

Gordon organized and became colonel of the 2nd Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry. The regiment served guarding the upper Potomac River and Frederick, Maryland, and in the spring of 1862, Gordon served under Maj. Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks, unsuccessfully opposing Maj. Gen. Stonewall Jackson in the Shenandoah Valley. Gordon was appointed a brigadier general of volunteers on June 12, 1862, to rank from June 9, 1862.

George Hall

George Hall Civil War letters, 1861-1864.

George Harrington diary, 1863

George Harrington diary transcript, 1863

George Harrington diary, 1863. Handwritten Civil War diary, soft cover, pocket sized, scanned and transcribed.

George J. Johnston

During the Civil War, he joined the Confederate Army as a private in the 60th Alabama Infantry. On December 12, 1863, he was wounded in his right foot at Bean Station, Rutledge County, Tennessee, and was temporarily discharged. In September, 1864, he rejoined the Army and helped defend Petersburg, Virginia, against the Union Army. He was wounded in his leg in March, 1865, during the Petersburg Campaign and given a sixty day furlough to return home.

George M. Shearer diary, 1863

George M. Shearer diary, 1864

George M. Shearer diary, 1865

George M. Shearer fought in the Civil War as a soldier in the 17th Iowa Infantry, Company E. His diaries describe his daily experiences, including his time at the Battle of Vicksburg and time as a prisoner of war at Andersonville Prison..

George Palmer

Union Captain George Palmer’s diary, written July-August, 1861, records daily life in his company of dragoons. Palmer writes of meeting “Col. Grant,” searching a suspicious barge, and receiving orders from General Pope. He also hears news of a “battle at Springfield,” presumably the Battle of Wilson’s Creek. Palmer recalls that during a storm in camp, 100 men from Col. Williams’ regiment “stripped of all their clothes and ran out in the rain,” causing “much merriment.”

Reverend H. Clavreul Diary

Diary with the names of dying Federal soldiers to whom he ministered at Andersonville, Ga. July and August, 1864 / ed. by George Robbins.

George S. Smith diary, 1862-1866

Civil war diary of a minister in the Church of Christ in Kellogg, Iowa. United States. Army. Ohio Infantry Regiment, 83rd (1862-1865)

George W. Bisbee

This is the diary of George W. Bisbee who served with the 9th Vermont Infantry during the Civil War. It contains entries January 1-October 10, 1863. Bisbee refers to guarding Confederate prisoners at Camp Douglas, Ill., transporting prisoners to City Point, Va., and exchanging them for Union parolees. Bisbee also describes a soldiers’ oratory club to which he belonged, an athletic contest against the 18th New York Infantry, and the author’s hospitalization.

George W. Bowen Diary, 1863-1881

 The volume was printed as a diary for 1864, with three days per page. Bowen kept daily entries, 1 January-8 May, 24 June-8 August, and 11-23 September 1864. At the end, five entries from April and May 1863 appear. During most of this period, Bowen and his regiment were encamped in Washington, N.C., but, in late April 1864, they moved north towards Richmond, Va. Between 1871 and 1881, Bowen used the diary for miscellaneous notes and calculations. War-time entries describe Drum Corps practices; monitoring and fighting Confederates; the regiment's social life in Washington, N.C.; the move into Virginia; and a furlough to Pennsylvania. Included are lists of letters send and received, clothing and its cost, instruments for a band, and a financial account. The notes from later in his life include, among other things, several songs and recipes, measurements for shoes, and the amounts due from his boarders.

George W. Gibson

George W. Gibson was born in Monroe Township, Delaware County, Indiana on March 13, 1835. He enlisted in the 19th Indiana Infantry Regiment, Company A on July 29, 1861. He was later promoted to Corporal and transferred to the 20th Indiana Infantry Regiment. He died on October 23, 1911

George W. Strong correspondence and papers, 1863-1865.

George W. Strong correspondence and papers, 1863-1908.

Iowa Infantry Regiment, 20th (1862-1865). Grand Army of the Republic. August Wentz Post No. 1 (Davenport, Iowa)

George Wagner

A Freedmen's Bureau Diary, Co. 2, 110th Regt. Pennsylvania Volunteers Infantry, Papers re.

Nathan W. Daniels Diary; Vol. I, 1861, Dec.-1864, May

Nathan W. Daniels Diary; Vol. II, 1864, May-1865, Dec

Nathan W. Daniels Diary; Vol. III, 1866-1867

Nathan W. Daniels Diary Addition, scrapbook, 1863-1867

Nathan W. Daniels Diary Summaries and transcripts by C. P. Weaver; Diary 1

Nathan W. Daniels Diary Summaries and transcripts by C. P. Weaver; Diary 2

Nathan W. Daniels Diary Summaries and transcripts by C. P. Weaver; Diary 3

In volume one of the diary, Daniels describes his Civil War service as colonel of the  2nd Regiment of the Louisiana Native Guard, an African-American infantry regiment chiefly stationed at Ship Island, Mississippi, and his time in New Orleans, Louisiana, during the summer and fall of 1863. The entries in the first third of the volume were written by New Orleans cotton merchant Hamilton McNeil Vance and wife Lizzie Luckett Vance, the original owners of the volume. They left the diary behind when they fled New Orleans in 1862, and Nathan W. Daniels found the volume in November 1862 and appropriated it for his own use. The middle third of the volume covers the months from January to September 1863, and documents Daniels’s service with the 2nd Regiment of the Louisiana Native Guard. This portion of the diary was edited by C. P. Weaver and published as Thank God My Regiment an African One: The Civil War Diary of Colonel Nathan W. Daniels (Baton Rouge, 1998). The last third of the volume spans the period September 1863 to May 1864, after Daniels had left the military and was residing in Washington, D.C. Summaries and transcripts for this final portion of the diary were prepared by C. P. Weaver and are included in the collection.

George Ward Nichols

The Story of the Great March, from the diary of a staff officer (1865)

Gilman A. Hoyt

This is the 1864-1865 diary of Gilman A. Hoyt who served with Company D, 17th Maine Infantry during the Civil War.

Willoughby Babcock

Selections from the letters and diaries of Brevet-Brigadier General Willoughby Babcock of the Seventy-fifth New York Volunteers: a study of camp life in the Union armies during the Civil War, by Willoughby M. Babcock, Jr.

J.H. Kidd

Personal Recollections of a Cavalryman with Custer's Michigan Cavalry Brigade in the Civil War, 1908

Griffin Frost

Camp and prison journal describing the author's experiences in camps, on the march, and in prisons in the North. Prisons and camps described are Springfield, Gratiot Street, St. Louis, and Macon City, Missouri; Fort Delaware, Alton and Camp Douglas, Illinois; Camp Morton, Indiana; and Camp Chase, Ohio. Also, describes scenes and incidents during a trip for exchange of prisoners from St. Louis, Missouri, via Philadelphia, to City Point, Virginia.

Gustavus Woodson Smith

Gustavus Woodson Smith papers, 1858-1863.  Jefferson Davis often quarreling about army administration and strategy, appointment of staff, and subsequent resignation as Major General. There is one letter to his wife Lucretia from New Kent County, Virginia, three pencil reports with revisions on engagements at Eltham Landing and the Battle of Seven Pines or Fair Oaks during the Peninsular Campaign in Virginia, and operations of the Georgia Militia near Atlanta during the 1864 Atlanta Campaign. Also included is an original battlefield map showing Smith's route through Virginia in the vicinity of Fairfax Court House (1861).

H. W. Santelle

This collection consists of a journal kept by H. W. Santelle. It records the medical treatment of three patients he attended from 1863-1864. He notes their rank, age, regiment, company, injury, and battle where the injury was sustained. Each soldiers' health and treatment are documented, and the journal includes a post mortem examination report. The three soldiers were: Clarance L. Coulter, a twenty-four year old corporal in Company G, 123 New York Volunteers; Thomas Ruffin, a thirty-seven year old colonel in the 1st North Carolina Cavalry; and N. P. Bush, a twenty-nine year old private in the 1st Massachusetts Cavalry, Company F. Also included in the journal are prescriptions for various problems including coughs, toothaches, upset stomach, small pox, diarrhea, and scarlet fever. The end of the journal contains information such as unidentified farm work accounting and genealogy for an individual identified as David Hazard.

H.M. Cheavens

Diary of Cheavens from July 1863 to August 1864 recording some incidents in Civil War , it also has a descriptive list of 3rd Missouri Battery at Feb. 1st, 1864.

Joseph C. Robert

The letterbook contains letters from Confederate Army Lieutenant and Assistant Adjutant General Joseph C. Robert and his colleague, Colonel Edward Dillon, written from Camp Dick Garnett in the District of South West Mississippi and East Louisiana. Letters deal with prisoner exchanges, deserters, and conditions at the camp, including the procurement of supplies. The officers addressed include Major G.W. Holt, Lieutenant Colonel Carter, Major Coleman, Captain J.H. Jones, and others.

Harriet Douglas Whetten

A Volunteer Nurse in the Civil War: The Letters of Harriet Douglas Whetten: Little is known about Whetten (born ca. 1822) apart from the letters reprinted here. A native of New York, she served on a hospital ship conveying injured Union troops from Virginia to New York. The 12 long letters printed here date from 1862 and describe her working conditions, crew members, the Chesapeake Bay region, her fellow crew members, and injured soldiers. (20 pages). This second installment of the letters of Civil War nurse, Harriet Douglas Whetten (b. ca. 1822), offers insight into the experience of a woman working with the Civil War's wounded. The letters date from the summer months of 1862 and were written on one of the Sanitary Commissions transport ships, traveling mostly in and around the Chesapeake Bay and its tributaries. (17 pages)

Harriet H. A. Eaton Diary, volume 2

Harriet H. A. Eaton Diary, volume 3

Harriet H. A. Eaton Diary, volume 4: Journal of a second tour to the Army now lying before Petersburg and Richmond

Harriet H. A. Eaton Diaries, 1862-1864, constitute a detailed record of Eaton's observations and feelings as a U.S. Army nurse visiting camps in Virginia, leaving supplies, and aiding the sick and wounded.

Harry Linscott Diary

Harry Linscott Diary Transcript

Diary of Harry Linscott (Union) 1864.

Harry White

Transcription of a diary that Harry White kept while he was being held in three Confederate prisons--Libby in Virginia, Salisbury in North Carolina, and Richland Prison in South Carolina. The diary begins on December 15, 1863 in Libby Prison in Richmond and ends on June 11, 1864 with Harry still imprisoned. Among Harry's entries is a description of his escape with four other officers in May 1864 as they were being moved by train to Richland Jail in South Carolina. He also describes prison conditions including the whippings of prisoners, poor food, boredom, lack of information about the war, etc. [Harry is subjected to harsher treatment and is not released in prisoner exchanges because his captors know that he is a senator in Pennsylvania whose vote, if he were released, would affect Pennsylvania's deadlocked Senate and the state's diminishing support for the war.] Harry compares prisons in South Carolina with Libby Prison in Virginia. In South Carolina the treatment is more humane--the food is better; he has access to books; and, on Sundays, there may even be a sermon from a local Presbyterian minister. Imprisonment, however, is difficult to bear--he suffers from depression and a constant yearning for family and friends. On May 23, 1864 he learns of the imprisonment of his brother Richard. He worries about Richard's condition and the impact of his capture on their parents who now have two sons in Confederate prisons.

Hartwell Percy Spain Diary

Hartwell Percy Spain Diary Transcription

Hartwell Percy Spain was a volunteer Confederate soldier in the Darlington Guards on duty around Charleston, S.C. The collection is Spain's wartime diary, 3 January to 17 March and 4 August 1861 (about 75 pages); and the April 1867 issue of the "The Land We Love," a magazine published in Charlotte, N.C. The diary consists of a detailed narrative of Spain's daily life on Sullivan Islands and Morris Island, and at Darlington, S.C., including notes about his opinions and feelings, and descriptions of his surroundings. It also includes poems and miscellaneous memoranda.

Harvey S. Brown

Harvey S. Brown (1838-1902), 86th Illinois Infantry, Pocket diary, September 7, 1862 to October 24, 1863.

Heber S. Thompson diary, 24 Aug. - 16 Dec. 1864.

Pocket diary written by a Union officer during his recuperation as a prisoner of war in South Carolina, describing people and conditions at the First South Carolina hospital in Rikersville, S.C., located ca. 4 miles from Charleston, S.C., where Thompson was a patient. Entries discuss food, medical care, African-American soldiers, and his departure from South Carolina following a prisoner exchange. Other notes include list, "Rebel Cavalry" naming officers of "Kelly's Division" and other regiments; and addresses of his fellow inmates, with later notes regarding attempts to contact them in 1891. Specifically states that hospital population included in addition to officers, soldiers at the rank of private, both "black [and] white"; Dr. George R. C. Todd, brother-in-law of Abraham Lincoln, served as a doctor at the facility. African-American soldiers of the 54th Massachusetts Regiment were serving as nurses. Thompson expresses hope for parole, with usual concerns re food rations and condition of prisoners; also comments on prisoners of war from Andersonville, Ga.

Free Shipping USA and Canada

 

Exceptional Content...Legendary Service

Archive Designs and Compilations © 2007-2017 Civil War Digital

PayPal Logo